Banchory KGH S NT262884 1 395 85m EAF

(land of) Banchory 1358 ER i p. 564 [in the constabulary of Kinghorn]
(land of) Banchory 1381 RMS i no. 642 [the land of Banchory in constabulary of Kyngorn granted to Alan of Erskine (Erskyn), which land used to belong to John Lyon ‘our chamberlain’]
(lands of) Banchary 1450 RMS ii no. 318 [the lands of Banchary and Piteadie (Petedy) in the constabulary of Kingorne granted to Alexander Lyon, son of Patrick lord Glammis, and Agnes Creichton Alexander’s spouse]
(lands of) Banchry 1497 RMS ii no. 2342 [30s. rent granted by Jonet Ramsey and David of Lindsay to the chaplain Ramsay of Largo parish kirk]163
Banchrye 1547 RMS iv no. 143
(lands of) Banchquhry 1548 RMS iv no. 294
(lands of) Banchrie 1564 Retours (Fife) no. 54 [lands of William Kirkcaldie of Grange]
Banchory 1828 SGF

? G beann + G cor + ? - in

This is a problematic name. The first element may be G beann (OIr benn) ‘mountain, peak, horn, pinnacle, point’. This is the same word as modern Sc G beinn, which was originally the dat. sing. of this word. Watson states that it means ‘horn-cast’, usually in reference to horn-like bends in a river, but in this case it may refer to the long, narrow outcrop of rock immediately east of the farm-steading (1926, 481–2). It is the same name as the two places called Banchory on the River Dee in Kincardineshire (Banchory-Ternan and Banchory Devenick), and possibly the same name as several places in Ireland and Wales called Bangor or Bennchur.

However, Welsh scholars suggest that the name Bangor derives from two elements which describe a wattle fence of the sort that might mark the enclosure of a church, and many of the surviving places bearing this name in Ireland, Scotland and Wales do appear to be at or near early church sites. For more details see Jones 1993.

W. J. Watson’s horn-cast interpretation is found in a medieval dindsenchas for Bangor (by Belfast) from the Notes in the Martyrology of Oengus for 10th May: ‘Bennchur is so called i.e. Conall Cernach mac Amhargin went on a raid i Cruthnechaib, and carried off many cows with him. It is then he heard that Cú Chulainn had been killed, and he put (cuir) the horns (benna) in the earth, which is why it is called Bennchur’ (Stokes 1905, 130–1).


This place-name appeared in printed volume 1