Inverkeithing IKG S NT131829 1 394 10m

apud Hinhirkethy 1040 x 1057 St A. Lib. 114 [13th c. copy]
Inuerkethyin c.1114 Scone Liber no. 1
passagium et navem de Invirkethin 1150 x 1152 David I Chrs. no. 172 col. 3 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 2; ‘the ferry and ship of Inverkeithing’; see discussion under North Queensferry IKG, DFL]
(chapel of) Inuerkethin 1152 x 1159 NLS Adv Ms 15.1.18 no. 82 [o.c.; corresponds to Dunf. Reg. no. 92, which has Inuirket’]
passagium et navem de Inurkethin 1154 x 1159 RRS i no. 118 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 35]
(chapel of) Inuirketin 1160 x 1162 RRS i no. 178 [=Dunf. Reg. no. 46; in the ‘parochia’ of the abbey of Dunfermline]
(royal burgh of) Inuerkethin 1161 x 1164 RRS i no. 232 [o.c.; = Holyrood Liber no. 21]
in burgo meo de Inuerkethin 1161 x 1164 RRS i no. 212 [= Kel. Lib. no. 337; ‘in my (i.e. Malcolm IV’s) burgh of Inverkeithing’]
Inuerkethit 1163 x 1164 RRS i no. 243 [= Scone Liber no. 5]
(chapel of the town or burgh of) Inuirkethin 1163 Dunf. Reg. no. 237
passagium et navem de Inuirket’ 1165 x 1168 RRS ii no. 30 [‘the crossing and ship of Inverkeithing’]
(burgh of) Inuercheth 1165 x 1169 St A. Lib. 142
(chapel of) Inuerchethin 1165 x 1169 Dunf. Reg. no. 596 [o.c.; confirmation of Dunfermline Abbey’s churches and chapels by Bishop Richard of St Andrews]
(royal provosts & burgesses of) Inuerkethin 1165 x 1172 RRS ii no. 102
terr<a> dominii de Inuerkethin 1165 x 1172 RRS ii no. 102
(church of) Inuirkethin 1165 x 1182 Dunf. Reg. no. 165 [granted to Dunfermline by Waldeve son of Gospatrick]
(royal burgesses of) Inuyrkethin c.1173 x 1189 RRS ii no. 250
(church of) Inuirketh’ 1182 Dunf. Reg. no. 238 [papal confirmation]
(church of) Inuirket’ 1184 Dunf. Reg. no. 239 [papal confirmation]
(hospice of) Innerkethyn 1196 Dryb. Lib. no. 250
(chapel of) Inuirk’ 1202 x 1206 Dunf. Reg. no. 110 [Bishop William of St Andrews’ confirmation of a list of churches etc. to Dunfermline Abbey]
(Roger of) Inverkethin 1202 x 1207 Barrow, 1974, no. 4 [o.c.]
Inuirket’ 1211 Dunf. Reg. no. 250 [certain land next to Inuirket’ called the land of the hospice (‘terra hospitalis’)]
(the church of) Inuirk’ 1212 Dunf. Reg. no. 166 [all teinds of corn belonging to the church of Inverkeithing]
(chapel of) Inuirket’ 1225 x 1236 Dunf. Reg. no. 106
(church of) Inuirkethin 1225 x 1236 Dunf. Reg. no. 142
(church of) Inuerkethyn 1244 St A. Pont. p. xvii
(church of) Inuerkethyn’ c.1250 Dunf. Reg. no. 313
(church of) Inuerkethin c.1250 St A. Lib. 33
Inuerkethin 1305 Dunf. Reg. no. 338
at Ennerkethen 1460s Hardyng Chron., 18 [see under St Margarets IKG]
Inuerkething 1477 Dunf. Reg. no. 478
Inner keythny 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Inverkythin 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Inverkeithing 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Inverkeithing 1828 SGF

G inbhir + en Keithing

‘Mouth of the Keithing Burn’. ‘Keithing’ itself is a burn-name which probably contains Pictish *cēt ‘a wood’. So *Keithing, now the Keithing Burn, would have meant ‘burn that runs through or past, or issues from, woodland’. In west Fife the word may also be found in *Kethy, which has given its name to Kethymyre BUI/KGH, for details of which see s.n. Section 1.

G Inbhir Cheitean for Inverkeithing, quoted by Watson 1926, 382, is almost certainly a later formation based on Sc, probably after Inverkeithing became well-known in the G?idhealtachd after the battle of Inverkeithing in 1651.

/ˌɪnvərˈkiðɪŋ/, locally /ˌɪnvərˈkiðɪn/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1