Colton DFL S NT091896 2 160m

Coaltown 1775 Ainslie/Fife
E<as>t Coaltown 1828 SGF
West Coaltown 1828 SGF
Easter Colton 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn.
Colton House 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn.
Colton Mains 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn.

Sc or SSE coal + Sc toun or SSE town

‘Coal farm’. The above NGR is of OS Pathf. Colton Mains (which is shown as Gallowsbank on SGF). OS Pathf. Colton House (NT090899) is shown on SGF as West Coaltown but E<as>t Coaltown on SGF is no longer marked on OS Pathf.

The name occurs thrice in DFL on Ainslie/Fife (1775): here, Dunfermline Coaltown on the site of Townhill, and Coaltown south of Halbeath, all testifying to the burgeoning coal-mining industry. Hell’s kitchen, shown on SGF (1828) at or near the site of Coaltown at Halbeath, testifies more vividly to the same industry, perhaps alluding to the accidental burning of coal-seams, as does Hothole, shown on Ainslie/Fife (1775) immediately north of Halbeath.

Hell’s kitchen (1828 SGF) is in OS Name Book as Hells Kitchen (4 informants), with the following description: ‘A small row of Colliers houses in bad repair belonging to the Halbeath & Cuttlehill Colliery Company. The name is much known but it arose from being the abode of unruly people’ (131, 63). The name, however, is scored through in the first and second column of the OS Name Book, and does not appear on the OS 6 inch 1st edn map itself. It almost certainly applies to the small row of cottages shown on the map beside Halbeath Station, and on the other (north) side of the Moubray Burn from Clarkston.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1