Inch Marton

Inch Marton ABO S NT189858 2

(land of) Eglismarten c.1347 x 1355 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 33 [Bishop of Dunkeld’s land of ‘Inch Marton beside Beaupre’ feued to Inchcolm Abbey]
Agismarte le Medow 1377 Morton Reg. i p. lxv [‘(and) the Meadow’; see ABO Introduction above]
Eglesmartyn sive Neuton 1420 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 150 [Inch Marton or Newton]
Eglesmarte 1441 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 51
quatuor acras terrarum nostrarum de Inchm<er>tyne 1486 Morton Reg. ii no. 233 [James earl of Morton grants to the recently founded hospital of St Mary mother of God and St Martha ‘the host of our lord Jesus Christ’ various lands including ‘4 acres of our land of Inch Marton, those acres lying nearer to and more convenient for the said hospital and which David Gifford now occupies and has in feu for two more years’ (dicto hospitali propinquius et conueniencius adiacen<tes> quas nunc occupat et ad firmam habet Dauid Gyfferd pro duobus annis futuris)]
the temple of Inchemartyne 1540 Knights of St John, 26 [‘the temple of Inchemartyne of Aberdor pertening to the erle of Morton’]
Newtoun Inchmartene 1605 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 227
INCHMARTIN c.1750 RHP1022 [written thus, applied to the lands (not Morton lands) immediately west of THE ABERDOUR ACRES (Morton lands); also ‘Inchmartin hill Top’ referring to Inch Marton Hill; with, due north, ‘The Backside o<f>? Inchmartin’, both of which form part of THE ABERDOUR ACRES. Note also ‘Hillside Parks belonging to Captain Stewart’; by c.1770 (RHP1023) Captain Steuart (sic) had acquired all of Inch Marton Hill, which is not mentioned on this later plan]
Inchmartine 1872 Sasines no. 1544

Pictish* egles + pn Martin

‘Church of (St) Martin’. By the sixteenth century the less common place-name element egles etc. had been replaced by the more common inch. The original first (generic) element *egles indicates an ecclesiastical foundation dating back to the Pictish period. Martin is one of the earliest non-biblical and non-Celtic saints to be culted in the insular churches. For more details, see Barrow 1983 and Taylor 1998. The lands of Inch Marton were in the hands of the bishops of Dunkeld (Inchcolm Chrs. no. 33); however, in 1377 the lords of Aberdour had an interest in at least part of them (see Morton Reg. i p. lxv).

The 1420 transumpt of Inchcolm Chrs. no. 33 notes that an alternative name for Eglesmartyn was Neuton (see Inchcolm Chrs. p. 150). This is borne out by the Rental entry of 1605, which lists Newtoun Inchmartene as one of the lands thirled to the mill of Wester Aberdour. *Newton (including what is now Hillside) lay on the southern slope of Inch Marton Hill, probably stretching as far as the Dour Burn. For more details see under Hillside and *Newton. The name appears on OS Pathf. 394 only in Inch Marton Plantation.

The forms with Martin, Martyn, Martyne, Marten and Martene are all predictable variants, but the modern Marton is unexpected. Perhaps this more modern spelling appeared under the influence of the presence of the earls of Morton as major landowners in Aberdour, including Inch Marton itself. The entry in the OS Name Book for Inchmarton Plantation shows that the recorder was shown round by Mr J. Barr, Factor to the Earl of Morton.

There are two pieces of evidence which I overlooked in the preparation of PNF 1 regarding the position and extent of the medieval lands of Inch Marton. The first is the 1486 reference, added above, to four acres of the earl of Morton’s lands of Inch Marton lying near to the hospital of St Martha (i.e. the west side of Murrell Terrace) (Morton Reg. ii no. 233); and secondly the reference (included in PNF 1, in the early forms of Inch Marton) ‘to the temple of Inchemartyne of Aberdor pertening to the erle of Morton’ (1540 Knights of St John, 26), which is now Templeland, the name of a house on the north side of Main Street, Easter Aberdour. Both these references make it clear that the lands of Inch Marton extended eastwards along the north side of Easter Aberdour almost as far as, if not right up to, Murrell Terrace, while the evidence of the earliest reference shows that they were bounded on the west by Bouprie (Eglismarten iuxta Beaupre c.1347 × 1355 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 33). Also, by 1377 at the earliest, they were divided between the earls of Morton and their predecessors on the one hand and the bishop of Dunkeld on the other (Morton Reg. i p. lxv; Inchcolm Chrs. no. 33). Given that the lands of Inch Marton stretched so far east, it is reasonable to assume that this division was very early, with the bishop of Dunkeld (later Inchcolm Abbey) holding the western part, while the eastern part was in the hands of the secular lordship based at Aberdour Castle.[33]

Templeland of Inch Marton of Aberdour was one of only two templelands in the parish, the other being at Balmule (see Templehall ABO). Knights of St John, Appendix II, 213, 214, erroneously implies two such properties in Aberdour itself, apart from Balmule: one referred to as Aberdour (Aberdor), 213, the other as Inchmartin of Aberdour (Inchemartyne), 214. For more details on Templeland and Templehall ABO, see Johnstone, Aberdour, Chapter XI (68–9).

In the discussion in PNF 1 I write: ‘The entry in the OS Name Book for Inchmarton Plantation shows that the recorder was shown round by Mr J. Barr, Factor to the Earl of Morton.’ In fact, Mr Barr mentioned something that may be significant in locating the site of the early church which gave rise to the name in the first place (earlier Eglismarten etc). The full ‘Descriptive Remarks or other Observations which may be considered of Interest’ on Inch Marton Plantation are as follows: ‘A mixed Plantation in the grounds attached to Hillside, having numerous walks through it. Mr Barr, Forester to the Earl of Morton, informed me there was a stone coffin found in this Plantation thirty years ago, containing human bones. The place cannot be pointed out’ (OS Name Book 134, 16).

There was another Eglesmartin in Fife, it being an alternative, now obsolete, name for Strathmiglo.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1