Barnhill DGY S NT182843 1 35m

(land of) Bernhil 1441 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 51
(land of) Bernhill 1441 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 51
Bernhil 1440s Scotichronicon Bk. 15, ch. 38 (vol. 8, p. 136) [s.a. 1421; beer which had been brewed at Barnhill]
Burnehill 1533 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 56, p. 66 [along with Donibristle (Dunybirsil) one of the dwelling places of Abbot Richard and the convent of Inchcolm]
Barnhill 1559 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 69 [Donibristle, Barnhill and Grange]
the landis of the Grange of the Bernhill 1559 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 70
thair stedingis of the Grange of the Bernhill 1559 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 70
Barnehill 1574 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 219 [Barnhill and Grange]
Barnhill 1642 Retours (Fife) no. 629 [lands of Donibristle, Grange, Barnhill]
Bains hill 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Grainge de Bernhill 1693 Retours (Fife) no. 1599
Barnhill 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Barnhill 1758 RHP37878
Barnhill 1775 Ainslie/Fife [wrongly shown in Aberdour parish]
Barnhill 1872 Sasines no. 1544 [‘lands of Barnhill and Grange and Downan and Bowpray’]

Sc barn + Sc hill

Part of the home-farm of Inchcolm Abbey, it was closely associated with Grange DGY # q.v. The eponymous barn refers to a monastic grange or store-house, the remains of one of which can be seen on Charles Hill DGY (q.v.), a promontory on the lands of Barnhill. The reference in Bower’s Scotichronicon to beer-brewing at Barnhill in 1421 shows that the Grange and Barnhill complex was used for a range of activities connected with victualling the abbey.

From the detailed estate plan of 1758 (RHP37878) entitled ‘Aberdour Acres and Barnhill’ it is clear that the eighteenth-century farm-house and steadings of Barnhill stood where St Colme House stands today, overlooking Barnhill Bay. Both St Colme House and Barnhill Bay are called as such on OS Pathf. and OS 6 inch 1st edn. The bay is the only feature to preserve the name, although it is often referred to locally as Primrose Bay, presumably from OS Pathf. Primrose Wood, marked but not named on OS 6 inch 1st edn.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1