Balekerin 1128 David I Chrs. no. 33 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 1; amongst lands granted to Dunfermline by Alexander I]
Balecherin 1154 x 1159 RRS i no. 118 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 35]
Balekerin c.1166 RRS ii no. 30 [= Dunf. Reg. no. 50]
terra de Balwer’ 1203 x 1205 RRS ii no. 451 [o.c.; granted to Geoffrey son of Richard of *Inverkunglas by Dunfermline Abbey]
(Richard de) Balweri c.1230 Dunf. Reg. no. 223
(Richard de) Balweri 1251 Dunf. Reg. no. 160
(Richard de) Balweri 1260 St A. Lib. 346
(Richard de) Balweri 1272 Dunf. Reg. no. 319
Belecherin 1277 Dunf. Reg. no. 81
Balweri 1280 Dunf. Reg. no. 603 [Original of Dunf. Reg. no. 228; it mentions the burn running between Balwearie (Balweri) KDT and Invertiel (Inuirtule) KGH]
(Michael Scott of) Balueiry 1310 RRS v no. 23
(William Scott lord of) Balwery 1395 St A. Lib. 5
(William Scott of) Balweri 1484 RMS ii no. 1605
(laird of) Baluerye 1510 Fife Ct. Bk. 148
(William Scott of) Baluery 1510 Fife Ct. Bk. 148
Balweri 1561 Dunf. Reg. p. 429
Balvyrie 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Balwirie 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Beviery Roy sheet 17, 5
Mill of Berviry 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
E. Balweary 1775 Ainslie/Fife
W. Balweary 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Balwearymill 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Balwearie 1828 SGF [marked ‘tower in ruins’]
G baile + * G cair + - in
‘(Place of the) estate or farm of the *cair’. The *cair, whose primary meaning is ‘fort’, may be used here in a secondary sense of ‘area administered from a *cair’, the *cair in question being the eponymous *cair of Kirkcaldy. The lands of Balwearie constituted a thin arm of Kirkcaldyshire surrounded by the shire and parish of Kinghorn, and it may be this anomaly which gave raise to the name (for more on which see KDT, KXY Introduction).
Dunnikier KDT is another example of *cair as a specific element, for more details of which see s.n. However, in Dunnikier’s case the *cair probably refers to the physical fort of Kirkcaldy rather than to any wider area.
Watson tentatively identifies it with Balgeuery # KGH (1926, 182 and footnote). However, this is certainly a separate place, which lay not in the regality of Dunfermline, as Balwearie did, but in the constabulary of Kinghorn.
Balwearie was given to Dunfermline Abbey by Alexander I, and in c.1203 the abbey feued it to Geoffrey son of Richard of *Inverkunglas, for whom see above pp. 46–7, Section 1 (David I Chrs. no. 33 and RRS ii no. 451). The remains of Balwearie Castle stand beside modern Balwearie.
/balˈwirɪ/ or /bəlˈwirɪ/
This place-name appeared in printed volume 1