Cash SLO S NO220098 1 65m
Esterchasse 1294 Stevenson, Documents, 417 [see Easter Cash]
villa de Westercasse 1294 Stevenson, Documents, 416 [see Wester Cash]
(Ale ander Bickerton of) Casche 1502 RMS ii no. 2647 [(Bykkertoun); lands of Casche with their grain-mill and waulk-mill]
Joh. Bikyrtoun de Casche 1514 RMS iii no. 22 [see Wester Cash]
John Bikkertoune of the Casche 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 56
John Bikkertoune of Casche 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 149
Casche 1529 RMS iii no. 760 [see SLO Intro., The Scotts and Strathmiglo]
Casche 1540 SHS Misc. x (1965), 43 [‘Item … gevin in to Casche quhar the kingis grace drank, he beand at the huntyn, xii s. 17 April 1540’. Accounts of the King’s Pursemaster i.e. 12 shillings paid to Cash for providing King James V with drink while he was out hunting]
Cashes 1612 RMS vii no. 644 col. 4 [referring to both Easter and Wester Cash]
Cash 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [no parts of Cash are named]
Cash Cottown 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Cashward 1796 Sasines no. 4553 [see following]
Kirklands of Cash 1796 Sasines no. 4553 [‘William Fernie, weaver, Kirklands of Cash, 1 rood, 11 falls, 15 ells of the lands of Cash called the Kirklands, and 1 acre <etc> of the said lands of Cash called Cashward’]
Cash Mill 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Cash Feus 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
? G caise
? ‘Steep place’, G caise ‘steepness’, an abstract used to indicate place, meaning ‘place of steepness, steep place’, from the adjective cas ‘steep’. Cash lies on the first rising land in almost 12 km, when approaching from the east across the flat and ill-drained Howe of Fife. Furthermore, on their northern edge the lands of Cash slope relatively steeply down to the alluvial plain of the Miglo (now the Eden), which itself forms the northern march of Cash. This slope is the referent in the later Sc names East Bank, Mid Bank, West Bank, Well Bank (the eponymous well being Butter Well, for which see footnote 46, above), all names of fields and streets along this northern slope, containing Sc bank (‘slope’), in the area of Strathmiglo village known as Cash Feus. There is also a well called Bank Well, while the sloping field to the west, behind Skene Street, Strathmiglo, is known locally as The Garly or The Gaurly. For a discussion of this name, see PNF 5, Elements Glossary, under garly.
The eastern end of this bank (around Mid Bank Street) was known as Drumwhannan, q.v., the first element of which is G druim ‘ridge’, referring to the same feature as ‘bank’, but from the earlier, Gaelic-speaking, period.
Geoffrey Barrow, however, has suggested a derivation from G càise ‘cheese’, indicating that from an early date the estate specialised in producing cheese (1973, 278). He would compare this with the Sc name of the important estate of Goatmilk KGL (see PNF 1), on the other side of the Lomonds, which also lay on royal demesne land, before being granted to Dunfermline Abbey by Alexander I (1107–24). While this is an attractive theory, and should not be completely ruled out, the topographical argument made above for a meaning ‘steep place’ weighs against it. Another consideration, but one which cannot be taken too far, is that a name derived from G càise ‘cheese’, which has a long vowel (long a), is less likely to have developed with the short a not only found in the modern pronunciation, but also indicated in the earliest forms.
When Cash first enters the written record in 1294 it forms part of the shire of Strathmiglo, held by the earls of Fife, and it is already split into Easter and Wester. It was probably part of the lands of Strathmiglo which were given to Duncan earl of Fife about 1160 by King Malcolm IV (RRS i no. 190), so it was originally royal demesne i.e. land owned directly by the king, and managed for the needs of the court. Only the earliest references to Easter and Wester Cash have been included in the forms, above. For all other references, see under Easter and Wester Cash respectively.
There is a name, no longer extant, Balcashy, applied to a davoch in Lintrathen ANG, mentioned 1250 × 1256 (C. A. Chrs. i, no. 55). More investigation into this name might help throw light on the derivation of Cash in Fife.
The small settlement near the north-west corner of the lands of Wester Cash was known as Cash Cotton (Cash Cottown 1775 Ainslie/Fife, The Cottown 1832 Miller/map and 1856 OS 6 inch), that is Sc cotton or cottoun, ‘toun of the cottars or agricultural labourers’. On OS 6 inch 1st edn it is marked as a row of two cottages on the west side of the road still known locally as The Cotton Road, at its junction with the Dryside Road (NO212098). The foundations of these cottages can still be seen.
OS Pathf. has Easter and Wester Cash (for both of which see below); also Cash Feus, Cash Loch (FAL), Cash Mill and Cash Wood (mostly in FAL). Barrington also formed part of the lands of Cash, as did OS Pathf. Gleneden (formerly Spalefield). The combined lands of Easter and Wester Cash were extensive, with three kilometres separating Cash Mill on the east from Cash Cotton on the west. The above NGR is supplied by that of Wester Cash, which was the site of a tower house, no trace of which remains, but which is marked as ‘Cash Tower (Site of)’ on OS 6 inch 1938 edition (NMRS).
The Scottish surname Cash is thought to derive from this place. It is a name well-known through the high profile of American singer and song-writer Johnny Cash, who considered Cash and Falkland to be his ancestral lands. As a personal name it may appear in the twelfth century (160 years before our earliest place-name forms), when c.1130 King David granted to the church of Dunfermline some land at Craigmillar and houses where the widow of Roger Cass (Rogerus Cassus) lived (David I Chrs. no. 137). Lawrie notes that ‘long afterwards there were people of the name of Cass, feuars of Monktonhall and other places under the Abbey of Dunfermline’ (ESC 336). Though Black suggests that the names Cash and Cass may derive from this place-name, Barrow wonders whether the name Cassus may be “an uncomplimentary Latin epithet, ‘vain’ or ‘useless’” (David I Chrs. no. 137 note).
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4