montis de Blakarne 1457 Lind. Lib. no. 2 [see NBH Intro., Gaelic and Scots]
Le rynge de Blakarne 1457 Lind. Lib. no. 2 [see NBH Intro., Gaelic and Scots]
the Blakcarn 1466 Laing 1876, 162 [from Newburgh Burgh Court Book: ‘ ... and xx akars of the hyl abowt the Fyndcraig and the Blakcarn’]
the Black Kairn 1722 Geog. Coll. i, 304 [‘reckoned by some the beginning of the Ochall Hills...’]
Black Cairn 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [shown on Black Cairn Hill; on this hill ‘pile of stones’ is marked seven times, each of them on the NBH/ABE boundary, clearly cairns marking the march of the territory]
Sc black + Sc cairn
On OS Pathf. 362 Black Cairn refers to the large pile of stones marked ‘fort’ (Antiquity), while Black Cairn Hill applies to the whole hill. Running through the cairn is the parish boundary between NBH and ABE. Previous to the formation of NBH, this boundary was the limit of Newburgh Common (NBH Intro., Gaelic and Scots).
In the charter of 1457 this fort is referred to as ‘Le rynge de Blakarne’ ‘the ring of Black Cairn’, and is described as ‘a stony ring’ (circlum lapideum). Laing writes: ‘Since the plantation on the Black Cairn has grown up, the entrenchment around it has become moss-covered, and it is now scarcely known; but in the last generation it was familiarly known by the name of ‘The Ring’ (as the White Catherthun in Strathmore is to this day)’ (1876, 6).
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4