Uthrogle MML S NO337134 1 362 70m

    hospitali de Utrogeualle 1293 PRO E101/331/1 [printed Utrogenalle Stevenson, Documents i, 410; ‘ to the hospital of Uthrogle, for established alms’ (pro elemosina constituta), 66 s. 8 d.; paid by earl of Fife’s representative]
    hospitali de Utrogeuall’ 1294 PRO E101/331/1 [printed Utrogenalle Stevenson, Documents i, 414; see preceding; see also PNF 5 App. 2.]
    (land of) Erithirrogewale 1335 x 1345 NLS Adv. MS 34.6.24, p. 109 [18th c. copy; to John Clephane (de Clephan), with land of Carslogie MML]
    (poors’ hospital of St John the Evangelist of) Hothtyrrogale 1380 CPL iv, 238
    (hospital of) Ortugal 1394 CPL Benedict XIII of Avignon, 15 [it is held by Finlay Colini [341], archdeacon (later bishop) of Dunblane]
    (hospital of St John) Ouctherogale 1420 CSSR i, 228 [Malcolm de But (Bute?), formerly rector of Auchindoir ABD, later vicar of Lathrisk KTT, from which he was removed for defect of birth (illegitimacy), now holds the administration of the goods of the hospital, valued at £13]
    (hospital of) Vthirregale 1462 Midl. Chrs. no. 2 (p. 64) [confirmation by James bishop of St Andrews of grant by Queen Mary to the collegiate church of the Holy Trinity and the poors’ hospital beside Edinburgh]
    (hospital of) Vthirrogill 1462 Midl. Chrs. no. 2 (p. 67) [see discussion, below]
    Wchtirogall 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 137 [a protest by sir David Hughanson, chaplain, in the name of the master and brethren of St Paul’s Wark (i.e. St Paul’s Hospital in Edinburgh) that ‘what was done by the Sheriff or his deputes in the court (of Cupar), touching their tenants and the inhabitants of their lands of Ballomill CLS and Uthrogle MML and their privilege and freedom thereof, should not hurt them nor be prejudicial to them ... but that they might (continue to) use their old privileges without interruption or dispute’][342]
    Wchtirogall 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 137 [Laurence Lumsden (Lummisden) in Uthrogle was fined for non-appearance when repeatedly summonsed to answer ‘at the instance of Archibald millare in the hospitale mylne (Hospital Mill CLT, PNF 2) for the distroubilling & hurting of hyme’ (137–8)]
    Uchtirogall 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 163 [‘the tempil hous of Sanct Johnne’ there]
    Auchtrogall 1538 St A. Rent. 7 [in the parish of Monimail (Monymeill)]
    villa de Vtherogall 1543 Midl. Chrs. no. 42 (p. 109) [the chapel of St John the Baptist in the toun of Uthrogle; also the hospitallers of Holy Trinity Edinburgh require ‘3 suits at our 3 chief pleas at Uthrogle’ (tres sectas ad tria placita capitalia nostra apud Vtherogall)]
    terr<e> de Vtherogall 1543 Midl. Chrs. no. 43 (p. 109) [a 6th part occupied by William Rankeilour (Rankelo)]
    Vtherogall 1562 Midl. Chrs. no. 70 (p. 125) [3 suits at the 3 principal pleas each year at Uthrogle, part of the dues payable by Alexander Litstar to whom the hospitallers grant quarter of lands and mill of Hospital Mill (Spittalmylne) CLT]
    Autharogall 1580 Midl. Chrs. no. 211 (p. 235)
    Ouchtarogall 1580 Midl. Chrs. no. 211 (p. 236) [John Bowsie required to produce proof of his right to the chaplainry of Uthrogle]
    Vthrogall 1580 Midl. Chrs. no. 109 (p. 142) [quarter of lands of Uthrogle to James Turpie in Ballomill (Ballomylne) CLS]
    Vtherogall 1580 Midl. Chrs. no. 109 (p. 142)
    apud Atharogall 1581 Midl. Chrs. no. 116 [Hospitallers and master of the hospital (of Holy Trinity Edinburgh), with consent of the chapter, confirm to David Addison (Aydesoun), portionar of Hospital Mill (Spittelmylne) CLT, a 5th of lands of Hospital Mill, reddendo £3 8 s. 6 d. annually, and ‘3 suits of court at the 3 capital pleas of the hospital at Uthrogle’ (necnon prestando tres sectas ad tria placita capitalia hospitalis apud Atharogall) with other services]
    Uthroggal 1775 Ainslie/Fife
    Uthrogle 1828 SGF
    Uthrogle 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

? G uachdar + ?

The first element is probably G uachdar ‘upland, upper part’, with reference to Uthrogle’s position on the higher land to the north of the valley of the Eden, perhaps originally including the nearby hill on which Hilton of Carslogie now stands (rising from about the 25 m contour at the river to 87 m).

    The second element is more problematical. Since two, possibly three, Auchter-names in Fife contain the name of a water-course as the specifier, it may be that the second element in Uthrogle was the name of the burn which rises near the modern farm of Uthrogle and flows westwards to join the Ballantagar Burn. If so, the burn may have been known as *Og(e)vall or the like. Another possibility is that *Og(e)vall represents the name of a more extensive area, of which *Auchter-ogevall is the upper part: in this case *Ogevall may have been the name of the lands out of which Cellach’s portion (rann Cellaig or Cellaich, later Rankeilour MML) was taken, leaving only the upper part (*Auchter-ogevall). As to its meaning, it may contain a word associated with OIr óg ‘whole, entire, complete’ (DIL), followed by G ball ‘spot, place’ (for which see Taylor 2008, 292–3) or G baile ‘farm’, both showing regular lenition after an adjective.

    Another possibility is that the final element is connected with G gabhail (f.) ‘land-holding’, which may occur in the Aberdeenshire name Lediken, Culsalmond NJ65 29 (Lethgauel 1190 × 1191 Lind. Cart. no. 2; Letgavel 1190 × 1191 RRS ii no. 363; Lethgauyn 1250 × 1299 St A. Lib. 359; Lethgaven 1261 Lind. Cart. no. 116), representing G leth g(h)abhail ‘half-holding’. While in DIL gabál (f.), ‘taking, holding, seizing’, is not assigned the meaning ‘(land)-holding’, in Dwelly gabhail (f.) is defined as ‘lease, feu, tenure, farm’. W. J. Watson discusses gabhail in connection with Mossgiel AYR, formerly Mosgavill (1926, 378), but the first element is more likely to be of British origin. There is a Welsh cognate gafael, defined in GPC as ‘lot, tenure, holding of heritable land under the Welsh tribal system varying in size from place to place and dispersed in scattered parcels of land, often forming part of the gwely or lectus’. Watson writes: “In Welsh tref is a homestead, hamlet; technically in the Welsh Laws it was a division consisting of four ‘gauaels’, each of 64 acres, and four trefs made a ‘maynaul’” (ibid., 357). It is also possible that the second element in some or all of the above-mentioned names is G gabhal or gobhal ‘fork; branch of a stream’ etc (see DIL under gobul),’ or its British cognate (modern Welsh gafl).

    A hospital is recorded at Uthrogle as early as 1293, the first attestation of the name, and in 1380 it is described as the hospital of St John the Evangelist. However, in 1543 mention is made of a chapel of St John the Baptist in Uthrogle, presumably an error for John the Evangelist. The hospital was no doubt founded for the care of pilgrims on their way to and from St Andrews, since it lay on one of the main pilgrim routes from the west (already mentioned in CLS Intro., Church Dedication, above). It also had a mill on the River Eden, giving rise to the name Hospital Mill CLT (q.v. PNF 2).

    In 1462 James bishop of St Andrews confirmed a grant by Queen Mary (James II’s widow) of the hospital of Uthrogle and the rectory of Wemyss FIF and £10 yearly rent from the city of Edinburgh and another £10 from her rents in Leith, made to the collegiate church of the Holy Trinity[343] for the support of thirteen paupers in her newly founded hospital beside Edinburgh (Midl. Chrs. no. 2).


This place-name appeared in printed volume 4