Burnside LEU S NO440223 1 352 10m

    Burnside 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

Sc or SSE burn + Sc or SSE side

‘(Place) beside the burn’, the burn in question being the Motray Water, and also (on the 1855 map) a mill lead which is drawn from the Motray Water here, to provide water for the mills of Southfield LEU.

CANAL LOCH ~     LEU W NO478237 1 5m

    (third of loch called) Can-Loche 1540 RMS iii no. 2114 [see pp. 486–7, above]

    (third of loch called) Canloch 1567 Retours (Fife) no. 63 [Leuchars-Ramsay]

    (a third of) Canloche 1637 RMS ix no. 704 [Leuchars-Ramsay]

    the thrid pairt of the loche called Canloch 1658 Retours (Fife) no. 882

    (a third of the loch called) Cauloch 1688 Retours (Fife) no. 1292 [u error for n]

    Candle Loch 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [just east of Pitlethie]

    Canal Loch 1785 RHP1684 [see LEU Intro., The Draining of Leuchars]

    Canal Loch 1790s OSA, 603 [1 of 4 ‘long, broad, beautiful and almost parallel canals’]

This name can be interpreted in a variety of ways, The first element may be for Pictish *can, cognate with Welsh can ‘white, shining’, British *can(d), found for example in the LAN river-name Cander (Candouer 1147 × 1160 Kel. Lib. i no. 102), ‘white water’ (see Watson 1926, 455). If so, then the second element may be considered a substitution of a Pictish word for loch (perhaps *lin or similar) by G loch ‘loch, lake’.

    Alternatively, it may be Scots, containing Sc loch (a loan-word from Gaelic) qualified by OSc can ‘a can’ (DOST), with reference to its shape.

    Whatever the origin, the first element came to be re-interpreted as Sc or SSE canal by the eighteenth century at the latest.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4