Balconie # LEU S NO4522 1

    <B>allecungy 1306 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 488 B [17th c. index; printed Wallecungy; to John Wemyss; see LEU Intro., Lordship and Baronies]
    (Michael of) Balcungy 1386 NLS Adv. MS 15.1.18 no. 24 [o.c.]
    (Michael of) Balcongy 1392 CPL Clement VII of Avignon 1378–94, 178, 179]
    Baloyngy 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1734 B [17th c. index; with mill]
    (Michael of) Balcongy 1420 CSSR i, p. 222 [perpetual vicar of Leuchars]
    Balcougye 1467 RMS ii no. 900 [for Balcongye; Wemyss of Rires KCQ]
    Balconye 1473 NAS C2/7 no. 60 [printed Baltonye RMS ii no. 1139]
    Balcungy 1476 NAS C2/7 no. 334 [printed Baltungy RMS ii no. 1245; it appears only in the tenendas clause, not in the list of lands granted]
    Balcongue 1477 NAS C2/8 no. 32 [printed Baltongue RMS ii. no. 1302]
    (third of) Balcongy 1540 RMS iii no. 2114 [LEU Intro. Lordship and Baronies]
    (third of) Bal<c>ongy 1567 Retours (Fife) no. 63 [printed Baltongy]
    Balcunze 1573 RMS iv no. 2131 [a third]
    Balconzie 1580 RMS iv no. 3033
    Bawenzie 1587 Assumption, 13 [teind sheaves, listed under kirk of Leuchars]
    Ballaquhinzie 1610 Retours (Fife) no. 218 [Forbes of Rires KCQ]
    Balconzie 1629 RMS viii no. 1444
    Balcourie 1658 Retours (Fife) no. 882 [for Balconzie; earl of Southesk]
    Balconzie 1688 Retours (Fife) no. 1292 [earl of Southesk]
    Balcungie 1775 Ainslie/Fife
    Balconie 1785 RHP1684 [also Clayland of Balconie, west side of Great Drain]

G baile + ? pn Cong- or ? G cong / cuing(e) or ? G cuing

‘Farm of Cong-’ or similar? One Malbride mac Congi was a burgess of Perth during the reign of David I (Dunf. Reg. no. 17). Another possibility is G cong ‘a narrow, a gullet’, which according to W. J. Watson is ‘always in connection with water’, comparing it to Irish cong ‘a narrow neck, a strait where lake or river narrows itself’ (quoting from O’Donovan). He goes on to say that in Scottish Gaelic ‘it is found only in the oblique case cuing, still used in the common speech of Lewis’ (1926, 486–7).[270] This is related to OIr cumung (cumang, cumong) ‘narrow, restricted’ (DIL). A third possibility is G cuing (f.) ‘yoke’, OG cuing (f.), also ‘ridge (of  hill); burden, duty, obligation’ DIL).

    On Ainslie/Fife (1775) Balcungie lay about half a mile due north of Leuchars Castle. In fact it was a large farm of just over 500 acres corresponding to the present-day Leuchars Castle and Leuchars Lodge farms, extending east to the Great Drain and north to Silverwellmoss (JMH). This would place it on or near the large body of water called Rash Myre # etc (clearly marked on Blaeu (Pont) East Fife), so the name might refer to a narrowing in this loch or marsh.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4