Rathillet Mill KLM S NO360212 1 351
For early forms and references, see under Rathillet, above. The mill is an early-nineteenth-century restoration of an older water-mill, with spectacular conduits of dressed stone underground (RCAHMS NO 32 SE 15). Dams House and Dams Wood KLM (q.v. above) are named after the mill-dams associated with this mill.
The surrounding area has a history of problematic drainage and various attempts to resolve it. Even in the early thirteenth century we see evidence that the course of the Motray Water had been changed, presumably to deal with flooding, when Malcolm earl of Fife grants to Balmerino Abbey all the water (of Motray) which runs from his mill of Rathillet ‘along its old course by which it used to run to the mill of Ballindean BMO in the time of Henry Revel and Richard Revel’ (per suum antiquum cursum quo currere solebat ad molendinum de Ballindan temporibus Henrici Riuel et Ricardi Reuel) (Bal. Lib. no. 37). As late as 1845 the minister of Kilmany, Rev. Henry D. Cook, contrasts the well-drained eastern end of the parish with the poorly drained area upstream from Rathillet Mill: ‘Rathillet Mill presents an obstacle for improving one part of the parish. Its dam-dike prevents a proper level from being carried through the low lands of West Rathillet, and Mountquhanie, and Stair. The fields, lying along this part of the Motray, ... are almost always damp ... They are also exposed to be occasionally flooded. ... All such obstacles are removed in the eastern part of the parish, and the consequence is that the banks of the Motray, which were once marshy and of little value, are now dry, and produce excellent crops of grain and the best of pasture’ (NSA ix, 549). At this stage an attempt to deal with part of the problem had been made: ‘What are called the Greens and the Haughs of Kilmanyn were also occasionally overflowed with water. This was corrected some years ago, by giving the Motray a new and a wider course betwixt the mill and the church of Kilmany’ (NSA ix, 549). See also Dams Wood KLM.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4