Kilmany KLM PS NO389218 1 351 25m

    (church of) Kilmannin 1202 NAS RH6/16 [o.c.; see KLM Intro.]
    uilla de Kilmannin 1202 NAS RH6/16 [o.c.; see KLM Intro.]
    territorio de Kilmannin 1202 NAS RH6/16 [o.c.; see KLM Intro.]
    (Hugh chaplain of) Kylmany 1240 x 1244 NLS Adv. MS 34.6.24, p. 417 [18th c.; cf Balm. Lib. no. 39, which has Kilmany]
    domino Ad’ capellano de Kilmany 1243 x 1260 NLS Adv. MS 34.5.3 fo 5v [14th c.; ‘sir Adam chaplain of Kilmany’; printed as Balm. Lib. no. 12, which has ‘domino Adamo capellano de Kilmanyn’]
    domino Ad’ capellano de Kylmanyn 1243 x 1260 NLS Adv. MS 34.5.3 fo 6v [14th c.; printed as Balm. Lib. no. 14, which has ‘Adamo’]
    Hugo de Kilmanyn c.1250 Balm. Lib. no. 16 [14th c.]
    ecclesia de Kilmanyn c.1250 St A. Lib. p. 34 [50 merks]
    (Hugh of) Kilmanyn 1286 NLS Adv. MS 34.5.3 fo 7v [14th c.; rubric; printed as Balm. Lib. no. 17]
    Hugo de Kilm’ 1286 NLS Adv. MS 34.5.3 fo 7v [14th c.; printed as Balm. Lib. no. 17, which has silently expanded this to Kilmanyn, by analogy with the rubric]
    (parish church of) Kylmanin 1387 CPL Clement VII of Avignon, 132
    rectoriam ecclesie parrochialis de Kilmany 1450 Cant 1950, 56 [‘rectorship of parish kirk of’ assigned to St Salvator’s College, St Andrews; see KLM Intro.]
    Killmeny 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    Killmeny Muir 1642 Gordon MS Fife [high ground between Mountqhanie and Kilmany]
    Kilmanie 1650 Retours (Fife) no. 1582 [Gilbert Paterson of *Little Kinnear, i.e. Wester Kinnear, quarter of the lands of Kilmany, with half the mill]
    Kilmenie 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    parochi<a> de Killmenie 1682 Retours (Fife) no. 1210 [John Falconer, annual rent of £92 for ‘Rathillet et Dam’ in the parish of Kilmany]
    Kilmany 1790s OSA, 461
    Kilmany 1845 NSA ix, 532 [‘some supposing that it means the Church of the Monks ... Others think that it signifies the church in the valley’ – no reason is given for the latter, opaque explanation]

G cill + pn ? + – in

‘(Place of) the church of (St) Maine, Manna, or (less likely) Mannán’? All these saints occur in one or other of the early Irish martyrologies: Manan tenn ‘strict Mannán’at 23 February; MoManna mor minfind ‘my Manna, great, smooth and fair’ at 21 March; Mane (Mart. Gorman) or Maine (Mart. Donegal) at 2 September; and Mane son of Eogan at 24 November. The name also occurs in Clonmany, a parish and village in Inishowen, Co. Donegal (Irish Cluan Maine ‘meadow of Maine’). In his discussion of this name, Patrick McKay notes that ‘Maine was a very popular name in early Ireland. The Maine here appears to have been Maine Caol [mana keel][249] ‘slender Maine’ who was the father of Conall’, a West Donegal saint (McKay 1999, s.n.; see also Mac Giolla Easpaig 1995, 164). None of them has any particular connection with Scotland.

    W. J. Watson proposes that Kilmany FIF, as well as Kilmeny on Islay ARG, are probably for Cill M’Eithne i.e. ‘church of St Eithne’ (where M’ is for Mo), Eithne being the name of many Irish saints, including that of St Columba’s mother (1926, 284, 381). However, the consistent a in the second syllable of all the early forms of Kilmany, and the fact that there is no trace of the medial th both militate strongly against this suggestion, especially as that saint’s name actually appears in the west Fife personal name Mallethny (also Malethny, Mallehny), for Maol Eithne ‘servant of Eithne’, amongst the genealogies of men of Dunfermline Abbey dating to the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries (Dunf. Reg. no. 330; see also PNF 5, App. 1; see also early forms of Gille Eithne, which retain the medial th, in Black 1946, 579).

    OS Pathf. shows Kilmany, Easter Kilmany, Kilmany House and Wester Kilmany.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 4