Croftgary ABO S NT184867 1 394 80m EAF

Croftgerry 1441 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 51
Croftgare 1541 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 59
Croftgarye 1559 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 213
Croftgary 1574 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 217
Croftgarie 1577 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 216
Graharie 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Grogarry 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Crogarry c.1750 RHP1022
Gurrorgery 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Croftgairie 1872 Sasines no. 1544

? G croit + ? G garadh or ? G garbh

‘Copse-, woodland- (or den-)croft’ (G garadh ‘copse, den’, for which see Watson 1926, 470–1); or ‘rough croft’ (G garbh ‘rough’)? The first element is problematic, since croit (earlier *croft?) is a loan-word into G from Sc croft, and if it is the element involved, it must have been borrowed into G before that language ceased to generate place-names in south Fife, which may have been as early as c.1200. It is perhaps more likely that we are dealing with a different first element which had been assimilated to Sc croft by the time it is first recorded (in 1441).

The two suggestions regarding the second (and specific) element are both more likely than that put forward by Easson and MacDonald (Inchcolm Chrs. p. 250), who derive it from an ON loan-word g?r(r)adh ‘garden, enclosure’.

Croftgary is usually associated with the neighbouring lands of Brago #.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 1