St Fort

St Fort FGN S NO4125 2

    apud Sandforde 1364 RMS i no. 186 [see *Tremblayslands FGN, discussion]
    Sandfuird 1390 x 1405 RMS i app. 2 no. 1705 A [16th c. Index; St Fort Flass (Sandfuird Flesk)]
    ane pleugh of Sandford 1390 x 1405 RMS i app. 2 no. 1705 B [17th c. Index; see Newton FGN]
    Sandfurd 1480 RMS ii no. 1508 [a carucate of land in the west part of St Fort; this must be what later becomes *West Ploughland of St Fort and Flass FGN (Westplewland de Sandfurd et Flashill) 1529 RMS iii no. 822]
    David Narne de Sandfurd 1499 RMS ii no. 3191
    le Cotlandis et Brewlandis de Sandfurd 1517 RMS iii no. 177 [‘the Cottlands and Brewlands of St Fort’ in barony of Naughton (Nachtane); see Newton FGN]
    Sandfurd Nauchlame c.1560 s Assumption, 14 [for Naughtane or similar]
    Sandfurd Hay c.1560 s Assumption, 14
    Sandfurd Narne c.1560 s Assumption, 14
    Sandfurd Nachtan c.1560 s Assumption, 20 [see Forgan]
    Sandfurd Hay c.1560 s Assumption, 20 [see Forgan]
    Sandfurd Nairne c.1560 s Purves 153 [‘and Litle Newton’ FGN]
    Sandfuird 1606 RMS vi no. 1795 [Wm Goldman of Dundee, lands of *West Ploughland of St Fort and Flasshill (Flashill) in barony of Naughton]
    Sanctfuird 1615 RMS vii no. 1297
    lie Coitlands et Brewlands de Sandfurde 1620 Retours (Fife) no. 309 [John Leslie of Newton, in barony of Newton FGN, q.v.]
    (John Balfour, portionar of) Sandfurde 1632 Retours (Fife) no. 471 [half lands of St Fort with their fishings called *Braid Heuch (Breadhauch) in barony of Naughton]
    Ale andro Nairne seniori de Sandfuird 1633 RMS viii no. 2208
    Sanfort Balfour 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    Sanfort Goldman 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    Sanfort Nairn 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    Sandfurde 1643 Retours (Fife) no. 635 [Alexander Nairn of St Fort, in the lands of St Fort called East Ploughlands of St Fort (Eist-Plewlandis de Sandfurde, with six acres of arable lands in the toun of Inverdovat, ‘united in the barony of St Fort’ (unitis in baroniam de Sandfurde)]
    Stanfurd Narne 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Stanfurd Hay 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Sanfu<rd> Barlfeur 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [for Balfour]
    Sanfurd Gold’ 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [for Goldman]
    Sanfu<urd> Nairn 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Oversandfurd 1663 RMS xi no. 413 [Robert Lentron (Lantron) of Over St Fort, provost of St Andrews]
    (half lands of) Sandfurd 1663 RMS xi no. 413 [to Robert Lentron (Lantron), formerly Sir Andrew Balfour’s of Baledmond FGN, and David Nairne, junior of St Fort (Sandfurd), which lately belonged to David Balfour of St Fort (Sandfurd) , and salmon fishing on the Tay called *Braid Heuch (Broadheugh)]
    Samfort Nairne 1664 Lamont’s Diary 171
    Sandfurd 1656 Retours (Fife) no. 859
    Samefood 1684 Adair/East Fife [sic!]
    (James Lentron of) Santfoord 1691 Retours (Fife) no. 1313
    Santfoord 1695 Retours (Fife) no. 1371 [Margaret Kirkcaldy, wife of John Duncan in *Harlawshiels (Harlasheillis), heir of Andrew K. junior of Flasshill alias *Harlawshiels (see Flass FGN), ‘in pendicle of lands of Flasshill and West Ploughlands of St Fort called *Harlawshiels comprising an acre of land called *Gibsacre’ (in pendiculo terrarum de Flashill et West Plewlands de Santfoord vocato Harlasheills, comprehendente acram terrae vocatam Gibs aicker)]
    Loch of St. Foord 1781 Sasines no. 197 [see Swanlyloch FGN]
    St Fort 1790s OSA, 381 [‘the seat of Robert Stewart Esq., which bears the name of St Fort’]
    St Fort 1828 SGF
    St Fort House 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [NO416258]

Sc sand + Sc fuird

For the site of the eponymous ‘sand(y) ford’ over the Motray, see Naughton BMO, above. The name’s transformation from the topographic to the saintly is relatively late, a piece of eighteenth-century antiquarian whimsy which, by the end of the century, had become received wisdom, as the local minister’s description of the place in OSA clearly indicates (381–2; see FGN Intro., Church Dedication, for details). St Ford KCQ (PNF 3) shows exactly the same remarkable sanctification in a Presbyterian world.

    On Gordon MS Fife (1642) St Fort appears with three different surnames as tenurial affixes viz Balfour, Goldman and Nairn; while on Blaeu (Pont) East Fife (1654, but based on a survey of the 1590s) it appears with Hay and Nairn. These ‘portionars’ i.e. tenants of divided lands appear elsewhere in the early modern record anent St Fort; e.g. John Balfour portionar of St Fort in 1632 (Retours (Fife) no. 471); William Goldman of Dundee in 1606 (RMS vi no. 1795); and David Nairn (Narne) as early as 1499 (RMS ii no. 3191). The fourth of these portionars of St Fort were the powerful local family of Hay, based at Naughton BMO, FGN from the late thirteenth century. Apart from Sandfurd Hay c.1560s and Stanfurd Hay (Blaeu (Pont) East Fife), their name also appears in *Hays Mill (Hays-milne 1621 St A. Tests. 57; Hayes mill 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife). The mill is long gone, but it survived in two early nineteenth-century field-names on the farm of St Fort FGN: East Hays Mill Park and West Hays Mill Park, centred respectively at NO426242 and NO423240 (St Fort Plan 1). These field-names confirm the impression gained from Blaeu (Pont) East Fife that the mill lay on the southern edge of the lands of St Fort, on the Motray Water, upstream from Strathburn LEU.

    OS Pathf. shows St Fort Home Farm at NO413257 and St Fort Hill at NO41 26, at the northern edge of the lands of St Fort. OS Pathf. also shows Sandford Hill Hotel (just within KLM by Hawkhill), which has preserved the older and more transparent form of the name.

/sənˈfort/ or /sent fort/; also /ˈsanferd/ or (among older people in the area) /ˈsanfər/.[234]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4