medietatem de Peddunin 1223 St Andrews University Library, MS Dep 121 o/s 23 B [o.c.; = David I Chrs. no. 272, RRS i no. 101, RRS Handlist/Alexander II no. 75, which has Pedunin wrongly; confirmation by Alexander II of a grant by David I of half of Pitdinnie to the grandfather of Ivo the royal cook]
Peddunin 1223 St Andrews University Library, MS Dep 121 o/s 23 A [o.c.; = RRS Handlist/Alexander II no. 76, which has Pedunin wrongly]
my hale quarter of thir twa Petdonyngis 1443 RMS ii no. 372 [John Pertus of Glenkirk (Glenkerk) PEB feus to Richard Multrare of Markinch his whole quarter of these two Pitdinnies]
(a quarter of the two vills called) Pedunynis 1450 RMS ii no. 312 [to John Strang and Mariota Multrare the lands of a quarter of the two vills ‘which are commonly called Pitdinnies’ (que vulgariter Pedunynis appellantur), which William Strang of Balcaskie CBE has resigned]
(Patrick Bruce of) Pedenys 1466 C. A. Chrs. ii no. 140 [v. also RMS ii no. 835]
Petdynnys 1470 Pitfirrane Writs no. 32
Petdinny 1491 Pitfirrane Writs no. 41
(lands of) Petdynneis 1510 RMS ii no. 3481 [Jonet Lichtoun lady of Whitefield (Quhitefeild) (in barony of Dun ANG?) and Pitdinnie (Petdynneis) sells to Robert lord Erskine and Isabell Campbell his spouse the lands of Pitdinnie]
Petdoneis Multrare 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 129
Petdoneis Portewis 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 129
Petdoneis Bruce 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 129
Petdoneis Lichtoune 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 129
Petdenis Westir & Estir 1541 RMS iii no. 2321
Petdones 1548 Retours (Fife) no. 12
Pitduneis 1561 Dunf. Reg. p. 437
Pitdvneis Eist & West 1561 Dunf. Reg. p. 439
Easter & Wester Petdoneis 1598 RMS vi no. 1448 [in parish of Dunfermeling]
Easter & Wester Petdynneis 1606 RMS vi no. 1710
E. Pitdinnie 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
W. Pitdinny 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
E. Pitedy 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
W. Pitedy 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
E Piddinny 1775 Ainslie/Fife [= Pitconochie DFL]
W Piddinny 1775 Ainslie/Fife
E. Piddinny 1827 Ainslie/West Fife [= Pitconochie DFL]
Pitdinnie 1828 SGF
Pitdinnie 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn.
North Pitdinnie 1957 OS 1 inch 7th Series [formerly Whinnyhill; see discussion below]
G pett + G dùn + - in
‘(Place of the) estate or holding of the hill-fort’. There are no traces of a fortification at or near Pitdinnie in the NMRS Record Cards.
The division of the estate, which was royal demesne, had already begun in the first half of the twelfth century, when David I granted half of Pitdinnie to the father of Nigel, grandfather of Ivo, both royal cooks (St Andrews University Library, MS Dep 121 o/s 23 B). By 1450 the estate is described (in Latin) as consisting of two vills or estates (vill<e>) called Pitdinnies (Pedunynis RMS ii no. 312). This early division probably accounts for the confusion regarding the Sc plural ending –(i)s, which is sometimes treated as part of the core name (e.g. Fife Ct. Bk. 129). The fourfold division of Pitdinnie, seen in the four separate holdings each with a different surname attached in 1519 (loc. cit.), is first indicated in John Pertus’s charter to Richard Multrare of 1443 (RMS ii no. 372). Both Pertus and Multrare occur as tenurial affixes in the above-mentioned 1519 document.
Although at opposite ends of Fife, Pitdinnie (half the lands thereof) and Balcaskie CBE are already linked during the reign of William I (1165–1214), when both estates are held by the family supplying the cooks for the royal household (St Andrews University Library, MS Dep 121 o/s 23 A). These lands remained linked until 1606, when Edward Bruce laird of Kinloss acquires all the lands of Easter and Wester Pitdinnie, including the quarter which John Strang of Balcaskie resigned in his favour. At the same time the advowson of the parish kirk of Torry TOB is attached to the free-holding of Pitdinnie (RMS vi no. 1710).
In 1650 the lands of Pitdinnie were transferred from DFL to CNK (see CNK Introduction). It is the most westerly of the block of Pit-place-names in this part of Dunfermline parish, for a discussion of which see DFL Introduction. The village of Cairneyhill grew up in the southernmost part of the lands of Pitdinnie.
The above NGR is of OS Pathf. Pitdinnie Farm. The other OS Pathf. occurrence of the name is in the nearby South Pitdinnie Farm Cottages. These are so named because for a time last century Pitdinnie was known as South Pitdinnie. This is inferred from the fact that the settlement to the north is called North Pitdinnie on OS 1 inch 7th Series (1957): on earlier OS maps it is named Whinnyhill, appearing as such on Ainsle/Fife (1775) and as Whinniehill on SGF (1828). It is marked but not named on OS Pathf. and OS Explorer (NT043877). On both Ainslie/Fife (1775) and Ainslie/West Fife (1827) Pitconochie DFL, c.1.5 km east of Pitdinnie, appears as as Easter Pitdinnie (E Piddinny).
This place-name appeared in printed volume 1