Carnock CNK PS NT042890 1 394 100m

(teinds of) Kernoc 1215 Dunf. Reg. no. 215
(John of) Kernec 1225 x 1235 Dunf. Reg. no. 171 [dates approximate]
ecclesiam de Kerneth’ 1225 x 1236 St A. Lib. 176 [presumably for Kernech’]
ecclesia de Kernec 1245 x 1255 Dunf. Reg. no. 313
ecclesia de Kernoch 1245 x 1255 St A. Lib. 32
(church of) Kernech 1251 NAS RH6/48 [o.c.]
ecclesia<a> de Karnoc’ 1274 Bagimond’s Roll ms fo. 53v [printed edition p. 37 has Karnoch; one of the churches for which the Master of Scotlandwell (magistro Fontis Scocie), Portmoak KNR, is answerable]
(lands of) Kernock 1341 RRS vi no. 40 [19th c. copy; note of a confirmation charter of William Ramsay to Alexander Ramsay of lands of Carnock]
terr<ae> de Kernote 1341 RMS i app. 2 no. 765 B [17th c. index; presumably for Kernoce]
(lands of) Kernock 1341 RMS i app. 2 no. 765 B [17th c. index; see RRS vi no. 40]
(John Ramsay of) Kernot 1394 Hist. MSS. Comm. no. 113 [t a misreading of c]
Crannoch 1452 RMS ii no. 1444
Cranno 1508 RSS i app. 686n. [the charter for which this is the precept is RMS ii no. 3274 (though RMS omits the Cranno passage)]
Carnock 1590 Retours (Fife) no. 1489 [James Lyndsay of Byres, in half the lands of Carnock, a third part of the lands of Cassindilly (Cassindillie) CER]
Carnochie 1593 RMS v no. 2273
Carnok 1621 APS iv, 606a
Carnok K<irk> 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Carnock 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5 [showing Carnock and Carnock House displaced some distance to the west of Camps, and Camps of Carnock]
Carnock 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Carnock 1828 SGF

G ceàrn + loc. suffix

‘Corner place, place at or in a corner’. G ce?rn (OIr cern) ‘corner’. This is more likely than a derivation from G c?rn ‘rock, cairn’, given the consistent e-spellings in the early forms. This element (ce?rn) occurs also in Cairns(mill) SSL. The medieval parish kirk of Carnock, now a ruin, lies immediately south of the Carnock Burn, where this forms a sharp bend, and this may explain the name.

The ending most likely derives from an early Celtic locational suffix *-áco-, later –óc, which is more productive in British place-names than in Gaelic ones (see for example Ekwall 1960 under Cam Beck, Cumberland, an early form of which is Camboc).[79] It was also used as a diminutive ending, and has supplied the modern Gaelic feminine diminutive suffix –ag.[80]

The above NGR is of the ruins of the medieval parish kirk of Carnock, which lies towards the northern edge of the modern village of Carnock.

/ˈkarnɔk/ or /ˈkarnək/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1