Hawklaw CUP S NO378156 1
Hawk Law 1753 Roy sheet 18, 2
Nether Hacklaw 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Upper Hacklaw 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Hacklaws 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Hawklaw 1828 SGF
Hawklaw 1832 RHP4397 [2 buildings shown here]
Hawklaw 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [settlement]
Hawk Law 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [hill]
Hawk Law 1977 OS Pathf. 362 [hill only]
Hawklaw 2001 OS Explorer 370 [settlement only]
The name first appears as a settlement-name, although it clearly derives from Hawk Law (OS Pathf. NO378157), a hill of 97 m, near the summit of which the settlement lies. It probably contains Sc hawk + Sc law, ‘law or hill frequented by or associated with hawks’. This was certainly how it was understood by the local inhabitants in the mid-nineteenth century: the OS Name Book, after describing Hawk Law as: ‘A small hill of arable and wooded surface on the farms of Dalgairn, Kingask and Middlefield’ and stating that the Trig. Point (‘Trig’al Station’) on its summit is called ‘Kingask’, goes on to say: ‘This hill is locally said to have been a favourite resort of James VI for “Hawking on” when in this vicinity, on hunting expeditions during his residence at Falkland Palace’ (56, 12).
The OS Name Book (loc. cit.) describes the settlement as: ‘Three small dwelling houses, one story high each and in good repair. They are situated on the farm of Kingask and are occupied by agricultural Labourers’.
Hawklaw is again part of the farm of Kingask, but during the Second World War a signals station was established here, continuing until its closure in 1988 as one of two outposts in Scotland of GCHQ at Cheltenham (Martin 2006, 208). It is shown on OS Pathf. (1977) as ‘WT Sta.’ i.e. Wireless Transmitting Station.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4