Rossie CLS S NO256125 1 362 75m SEF

    duabus villis suis de Rossy 1412 RMS i no. 938 [William Lindsay, son of Sir Alexander Lindsay of Glenesk, ‘his two vills of Rossie’ (presumably Easter and Wester); grants an annual rent of 5 merks from them to his sister Euphemia]
    de firmis terrarum dominicalium de Rossy 1451 ER v, 468 [£5 6 s. 8 d. ‘from the rents of the mains lands of Rossie’]
    Estir Rossy 1451 ER v, 468
    Westre Rossy 1451 ER v, 468
    (the lands of) Estir Rossy 1488 RMS ii no. 1757 [to George Hume of Ayton BWK the lands of Easter Rossie, and the hall of Rossie, ‘with their loch and island’ (cum lacu et insula earundem), which lands etc. James Bonar, who fought against the king, was then occupying]
    aulam de Rossy 1488 RMS ii no. 1757 [‘the hall of Rossie’; see preceding]
    le Hal de Rossy 1493 RMS ii no. 2180 [to John Bonar, son of late James (see preceding), a 16th part of the lands of the Netherton (Nethirtoun) called ‘the Hall of Rossie’, and of the Overton of Rossie amounting to 110 merks]
    Ovirtoun de Rossy 1493 RMS ii no. 2180 [see preceding]
    (Bonar of) Rossy 1509 RMS ii no. 3314 [James IV to John Bonar, son and heir of the late James Bonar of Rossie, the lands of Easter Rossie (Ester Rossy) with their hall (aula) and manor (manerio), which the family had by a grant in feu made to the late William Bonar, John’s grandfather, by James II (1437–60); John and heirs are to build a respectable mansion (honestam mansionem), with gardens, orchards, ponds and other policies on the said lands]
    (third of) Wester Rossy 1531 RMS iii no. 1050 [to Michael Avery (Avenare) [117] and spouse Mariota Ramsay, half lands of Kilwhiss, 3rd of Wester Rossie, etc.]
    (the lands of) Estir Rossy 1531 RMS iii no. 1071 [James V to John Bonar son and heir apparent of William Bonar of Rossie (Rossy) the lands of Easter Rossie, with the hall and manor ... with the right to fish ‘in the loch of Rossie, with boat and net and eel-trap’ (in lacu de Rossy, cum cimba et rethe et archa anguillarum)]
    in lacu de Rossy 1531 RMS iii no. 1071 [see preceding]
    Westir Rossy 1532 RMS iii no. 1107 [to Marjorie Benston (Benestoun) in life-rent, and to her husband Robert Hardy, ‘2/3 of a third’ (binam partem tertie partis) of lands of Wester Rossie, which (quas) the said Robert and his mother before him held in feu; Marjorie and Robert must build a mansion with policies]
    Westir Rossy 1541 RMS iii no. 2355 [to Michael Avery (Every), a 3rd of Wester Rossie etc]
    (William Bonar) de Rossy 1541 RMS iii no. 2427
    in regis lacu de Rossy 1541 RMS iii no. 2427 [the right of fishing with boat, net and eel-trap (lie ele ark) in ‘the king’s loch of Rossie’]
    William Bonar de Rossy 1549 RMS iv no. 386 [grants to his son, John, the lands of Cairnbeddie (Carnebaddy), St Martins PER]
    apud Rossy 1550 RMS iv no. 493
    Rosse Eister c.1560 s Assumption, 33
    Westir Rossie 1593 RMS v no. 2340 [also Rossye; see Wester Rossie]
    arabill landis of Estir R<ossye> 1593 RMS v no. 2340
    the Myre of Rossie 1600 RMS vi no. 1099 [see also 1593 RMS v no. 2340]
    (lands of) Eister Rossie 1608 RMS vi no. 2025 [see discussion]
    (toun and lands of) Wester Rossie 1608 RMS vi no. 2025 [see discussion]
    integro lacu de Rosseis 1608 RMS vi no. 2025 [see discussion]
    Eister et Ovir Rossie 1611 x 1615 RMS vii no. 1171 [see discussion]
    Westir Rossie 1611 x 1615 RMS vii no. 1171 [see discussion]
    in marresio de Eister Rossie 1611 x 1615 RMS vii no. 1171 [see discussion]
    baroniam de Rossie 1639 RMS ix no. 927 [to James Scott of Rossie]
    Eister et Westir Rossie 1639 RMS ix no. 927
    Nethir Rossie 1639 RMS ix no. 927 [which was part of Easter Rossie]
    Rossy 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    O<ver> Rossy 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    Loch Rossy 1642 Gordon MS Fife
    lands and barony of Rossie 1653 RMS x no. 183 [see discussion]
    Rossey 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [also L. Rossey, W. Rossey, E. Rossey]
    Rossy Loch 1722 Geog. Coll. i, 296 [‘abounding with pearches, pikes and eells, frequented by wild fowl as swans, dukes, of diver kinds & c.. This loch discharges itself by a conduit called the Lochburn running almost south till it fall in the water of Eden ...’]
    Rosy Ho<use> 1753 Roy [also W. Rosy]
    Rosie 1775 Ainslie/Fife [= OS Pathf. Rossie House; also W. Rossie, E. Rossie]
    E. Rossie 1775 Ainslie/Fife [= OS Pathf. Rossie]
    W. Rossie 1775 Ainslie/Fife [= OS Pathf. Wester Rossie]
    Rossie Loch 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘drained’]
    W. Rossie 1827 Ainslie/East Fife [wrongly placed at Ainslie/Fife E. Rossie, = OS Pathf. Rossie; no settlement shown at OS Pathf. Wester Rossie]
    Rossie Ho. 1828 [= OS Pathf. Rossie House]
    E. Rossie 1828 SGF [= OS Pvathf. Rossie]
    W. Rossie 1828 SGF [= OS Pathf. Wester Rossie]
    Rossie 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [= OS Pathf. Rossie; also shows another Rossie (= OS Pathf. Rossie House), Wester Rossie, Rossie Braes, Rossie Den]

G ros + ? – in

‘Promontory place’, the promontory in question being a tongue of land extending into Rossie Loch, now drained (see also Taylor 2006, 80–1).

    In 1608 the king granted to James Bonar the barony of Rossie which was described in the following terms: the lands of Easter Rossie, with hall and manor-place ... and the toun and lands of Wester Rossie, with cott-houses, commonties and pasturage ... of which a third part James Scrymgeour of Myres AMY resigned with the consent of Christine Blair his wife and Egidia Merser his mother; the sunny third John Bonar of Lumquhat CLS resigned with the consent of Helen Arnot his wife ..., and the remaining third part Thomas Hardie in Daftmill CLS resigned with the consent of Jonet Mills (Myllis) his wife, et al., in favour of the said James Bonar, with the whole of Rossie Loch (lacu de Rosseis), the eel traps of the same called ‘lie eill-ark’, the marshes called the Mires of Rossie (lie Myris de Rossies), meadows, parks, the inches and gaws (drainage channels)[118] of the said loch and marshes, with fishings with boat, net and other means in the said loch (all within boundaries specified in Scots),[119] and all incorporated in the barony of Rossie, ordaining that the manor place of Easter Rossie be the principal messuage (RMS vi no. 2025).

    In 1611 the above James Bonar of Rossie, with the consent of Euphemia Kinnear (Kynneir) his wife, sold to John Bonar of Lumquhat and his heirs male etc. the mill of Lumquhat (molendinum de Lumquhat) with its lands etc., and particularly the multures (specified) of the lands of Easter and Over Rossie, for the support of those dwelling and working in the mill; also a third part of the toun and lands of Wester Rossie once belonging to James Scrymgeour of Myres AMY, their sunny third once belonging to the said John (Bonar), and the third once belonging to Thomas Hardie of Daftmill (Daftmylne) CLS, with part of the marsh of Rossie (boundaries specified in Scots [not printed in RMS]), with the four dargis[120] of divots, each darg having 3 men digging with spades, and each spade having 6 bearers,[121] in the marsh of Easter Rossie on the east side of the said marches, ‘excepting the parks, inches and gaws (drainage channels)’ (lie parkis, inches et gauis exceptis), with the privilege of the spreading (lie spredding) of the said divots, without any other privilege of property or commonty in the said marsh, but with common pasture and privilege of commonty in the Whitefield (lie Quhytfeild) lying beside the said mill and its lands (confirmed 1615 RMS vii no. 1171). For Whitefield, which lay mainly in AMY, see Whitefield AMY, above.

    In 1653 the marches of the lands and barony of Rossie were described thus:[122]

... the lands of Eist Rossie, with the manor-place etc., thereof, the towns and lands of Wester Rossie and three third parts thereof conquest[123] by James Bonar, sometime of Rossie, from James Scrymgeor of Myres and Thomas Hardie of Dafmell <Daftmill CLS>, with the Loch of Rossie and the eilark[124] thereof, myres of Rossies, inches, galles of the said loch and pools of Rossies, and sicklike the fishing by ship, boats, nets and others howsoever within the hail loch ... within the bounds underwritten, viz: Beginning at the eist of the dyke called Bonar’s Dyke and therefra south-west by the march stanes input in the shead of land called Drumlaw to the wall called Lochtorie [sic] quhilk devides the lands of /col. 3/ Eister Rossie from the lands of Kinloch and fra the said wall passing southwest be the end of the arable land of Kinloch, Eister Kinquise <Easter Kilwhiss CLS> and the mosse called Bowhouse mosse while it comes to the burn called the Lochburne [and dischendand[125] south-west as the burne runs] to the Lochburne latche and fra [that] west and south as the burne runnes while it comes to the lands of Weister Kilquisie <Wester Kilwhiss AMY> be the west eilstand[126] and fra thyne west as the dyke whilk devyds the lands of Wester Kilquhisie from the milne of Rossie while it come to the southwest nowk of the same dyk, and therefra west or thereby to the burne of Auchtermuchtie and ascending the same burne to the stank[127] whilk devides the moore of Rossie from the arable lands of Auchtermuchtie [callit the Medowlandis], and passing up the samen stank to the myre zet and bridge-end of Wester Rossie [and therefra passand up the wester syd of the arable lands to the west den of Rossie Wester], and passand throw the midst of the den be ane strype to the Whitfield, and therefra [to the hie gait leidand[128] be Mairislandis <Mairsland AMY> to Lumquhat] milne, and fra the same hie [gait] eist and north [betuix the arable lands of Lumquhat mylne and Lumquhat be ane strype to St Thomas Lande endis <see *St Thomas Land CLS> and passand eist the said strype quhill it came to the merche stanes betuix the arrable lands of Lumquhat] and Wester Rossie, and doune be the saids march staines to the march staines betuixt Lumquhat and Wester [Eister?] Rossie, and doun Glencorlas den <see Glencortas CLS> be the said march staines, and therefra [northeist be the Lochie heid dyke, and therefra be the merche stanes to the den betuix the lands of Weddersbie] and Eister Rossie, and doune the said den be the march staines to the said dyke called Bonar’s Dyke wher the said marches began (RMS x no. 183 cols. 2–3).[129]

This grant also included Lumquhat Mill, q.v. for details.

    The NGR given above is for OS Pathf. Rossie. This is the site of former E. Rossie on Ainslie/Fife (1775) and SGF (1828), but its name had changed to Rossie by the time of the first edition of the OS 6 inch map (1856).

    OS Pathf. shows Rossie, Rossie House, Upper Rossie (= OS Explorer Rossie Cottages, 2007), Wester Rossie, Rossie Braes and Rossie Drain. The den of the burn which forms the western boundary of the lands of Rossie and of CLS is called Rossie Den (on OS 1:10,000 map, not named on OS Pathf.).


This place-name appeared in printed volume 4