Lumquhat Mill

Lumquhat Mill CLS S NO237136 1 362 95m

    molendino de Lumquhat 1453 ER v, 527
    (mill of) Lunquhat 1529 RMS iii no. 745 [the mill, its houses and buildings have become ruinous; the king grants it and its lands to Egidia Berclay in life-rent, and her son William Kirkcaldy and his heirs]
    (David Kirkcaldy of) Lunquhatmyln’ 1544 NAS C2/29 no. 188 [printed in abbreviated form as RMS iii no. 3017 (Lunquhat-mylne); see discussion]
    Lumquhattis-mylne 1593 RMS v no. 2340 [see Lumquhat CLS]
    molendinum de Lumquhat 1615 RMS vii no. 1171 [see Rossie CLS]
    Lumquhat Mill 1775 Ainslie/Fife
    Lumquhat Mill 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn

en Lumquhat + Sc miln

Already by the end of the medieval period Lumquhat Mill was a separate unit of land. In 1544 the queen confirmed the sale by David Kirkcaldy of Lumquhat Mill to John Bonar, brother of William Bonar of Rossie and heirs, of ‘the mill of Lumquhat’ (molendino de Lunquhat), with houses and mill lands etc. This charter, NAS C2/29 no. 188, is printed as RMS iii no. 3017, but heavily abbreviated, reducing a full description of the marches of the lands belonging to Lumquhat Mill simply to ‘within specified marches’ (infra limites specificatos). As this is the earliest description of these marches so far discovered, text and translation are given here, in print for the first time (with modern punctuation, capitalisation, and italicisation of place-names and vernacular words):

... inter terras de Wester Rossy ex parte orien., terras de Ouchtermukty ex parte occiden., et torrentem a dicto molendino currentem ex parte boreali, et aquam de Bervy ex parte australi. Ac communem pasturam dictis molendino et terris molendinariis jacen., terram subhumidam lie swaird ei<us>dem versus orientem et[108] lacu de Rossy discendendo per Quhytefeild’ ac occidentaliter ad Sanctbrydis Well, terram subhumidam lie swaird ei<us>dem inter torrentem et viam cur<.>alem[109] ... apud Hay Zairdis [RMS Hay-yairdis] (C2/29 no. 188).

This can be translated as follows:

... between the lands of Wester Rossie on the east side, the lands of Auchtermuchty on the west side, and the burn running from the said mill on the north side, and the water of *Bervie on the south side. And [we also sell] the common grazing lying to the said mill and mill-lands, its moist land, the sward,[110] towards the east <of> the loch of Rossie, going down by Whitefield and westwards to St Bride’s Well, [and] its moist land, the sward,[111] between the burn and the Cart Road ... [dated] at Halyards.

In 1653 the estate of Lumquhat Mill was granted, with Rossie and much else, to Anna Scot, daughter of Sir James Scot of Rossie, and Robert Montgomrie her spouse, and these same marches are given as follows: ‘The mill of Lumquhat with the house, mill-lands, etc. thereof ... betwixt the lands of Wester Rossie on the east, the lands of Auchtermuchtie on the west, the burn running from the said mill on the north and the water of Bervie on the south parts, and sicklike [suchlike] common pasturage pertaining to the said mill and mill-lands and sward end towards the east of the loch of Rossie, descending by Whitfield and westerlie[112] to Brydswall and the sward end betwixt the burn and the court gait[113] [sic], together with the multures etc. pertaining to the said mill ...’ (RMS x no. 183 col. 4).

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4