Lumquhat CLS S NO243138 1 362 160m SEF
terris de Logyowet 1329 x 1371 RMS i app. 2, no. 1021 A [16th c. index (John Ramsay); badly garbled]
Lumquhat 1329 x 1371 RMS i app. 2, no. 1021 B [17th c. index; John Ramsay, lands of Lumquhat forfeited by Thomas Brechin; see Laing 1876, 450–1]
Willelmus de Lamqwat 1416 Fraser, Southesk, 507 [resigns lands of Balmeadowside CRC (q.v.) and Pittachope FLK to David Leslie, his superior]
molendino de Lumquhat 1453 ER v, 527
(mill of) Lunquhat 1529 RMS iii no. 745 [see Lumquhat Mill CLS below]
(David Kirkcaldy of) Lunquhatmyln’ 1544 NAS C2/29 no. 188
terras de Lumquhat 1582 RMS v no. 428 [Patrick commendator of Lindores Abbey to John Bonar of Cowle (?Coul MAI), and Elizabeth Ramsay his wife, the lands of Lumquhat with pendicles the Lochieheads CLS and *Douneheads CLS]
terras de Lumquhat 1592 RMS v no. 2053 [see CLS Intro., Marches]
(land of) Lumquhatt and Lumquhattis-mylne 1593 RMS v no. 2340 [‘ane strype at Sanct-Thomas-land-endis quhilk strype merches the land of Lumquhatt and Lumquhattis-mylne’, part of the march of Wester Rossie CLS, q.v.]
Lumquhat 1600 RMS vi no. 1032 [in barony of Grange of Lindores ABE]
Lumwhatt 1642 Gordon MS Fife
the house of Lumquhat 1722 Geog. Coll. i, 297
Lumquhat 1775 Ainslie/Fife [also shows Lumquhat Mill]
Lumquhat 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also shows Lumquhat Mill]
? G lann or ? G lom + ? cat
The first element may be G lann ‘field, enclosure’ (found in Falkland and Conland FAL, PNF 2; and realised in a similar way in Lumphinnans BGY, PNF 1). Alternatively it may be G lom ‘bare’ (probably found locally in Lumbennie NBH), an adjective, but which can be used nominally, as evidenced by lom (m.) ‘bare surface, bare plain, field’ (Dwelly).
The second element probably derives from a lenited form of G cat ‘wild cat’. The whole name could therefore represent ‘enclosure or bare place or field of (the) wild cat(s)’, the specific indicating that the place lay in an area where wild cats were, or had been, common. The second element can be compared to that in the settlement-name Oldwhat, New Deer ABD (Auldquhat 1529 RMS), which Alexander sees as an orthographic realisation of Gaelic allt fad ‘long burn’ (1952, 96). Such a realisation, while credible in the North-East, where wh and f fell together, is much less likely in Fife.
There was an old castle at Lumquhat, demolished around 1855, to provide materials for farm buildings (Laing 1876, 451).
Shennan states that in 1891 Easter Colzie (Farm and Woodlands), Colzie Hill (Land) and Lumquhat (House, smithy, byre and land) were transferred from Abernethy parish FIF (ANY FIF) to NBH. While he is correct regarding Easter Colzie and Colzie Hill, his information regarding Lumquhat would appear to be mistaken, since Lumquhat seems always to have been in CLS (1892, 256).
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4