Kinloch CLS S NO281122 1 362 50m

    Gilleberto clerico de Chindelov 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 255 [‘Gilbert the clerk of Kinloch’, w. to a charter of Ness son of William]
    Murino de Kindelouch 1217 x 1219 St A. Lib. 255–6 [w.]
    Murino de Kindelouch 1217 x 1219 St A. Lib. 256–7 [w.]
    Mauricio de Kindelov c.1220 St A. Lib. 273 [w.]
    Morino de Kyndelouth x 1221 Inchaffray Chrs. no. 42 [w.; date from Simpson 1965 no. 7]
    Mauricius de Kyndeloha 1233 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 15 [w.]
    (John of) Kyndelouh 1235 x 1264 Swinton 1905, 174 no. 4
    mora de Kyndloche 1248 Lind. Cart. no. 137 [rubric]
    mora nostra de Kyndoloch 1248 Lind. Cart. no. 137 [‘our muir of Kinloch’ belonging to Earl Roger de Quincy, granted to Lindores Abbey for heather; see CLS Intro., Medieval Landscapes]
    communi pastura more nostre de Kyndeloch 1248 Lind. Cart. no. 137
    mora nostra de Kyndeloch 1248 Lind. Cart. no. 137
    Johanne de Kyndeloch 1248 Lind. Cart. no. 137 [w.; ‘John of Kinloch’]
    boscum nostrum de Kyndelohc 1256 x 1264 Lind. Cart. no. 135 [‘our wood of Kinloch’; see CLS Intro., Medieval Landscapes]
    Kyndeloich 1261 Lind. Cart. no. 114 [lord of Lindores, William of Brechin’s, land freed from thirlage to Lindores Abbey mill; see Bonytoun # ABE]
    Johanne de Kindeloch c.1262 Lind. Cart. no. 91 [w.; ‘John of Kinloch’]
    (William of) Kindellogh’ 1296 Inst. Pub. 145 [does homage to Edward I along with others from the county of Fife]
    (William of) Kindelow 1296 CDS ii no. 824 [gives evidence at an inquisition]
    domina de Kyndeloch 1302 Lind. Cart. no. 136 [de Brechin’s widow Elena]
    tenementum meum de Kyndeloch 1302 Lind. Cart. no. 136 [see CLS Intro., Medieval Landscapes]
    Kyndloch 1302 Lind. Cart. no. 136 [rubric]
    villa de Kyndelohc 1302 Lind. Cart. no. 136
    Johanne de Kyndeloch 1302 Lind. Cart. no. 136 [w.]
    Johanne de Kyndelocht 1317 RRS v no. 119 [w. Balmerino Abbey charter]
    Kyndelaue 1306 x 1329 RMS i App. 2 no. 663 [16th-c index; charter of William Barclay anent the lands of Brechin ANG and Kinloch]
    Kinloche 1301 x 1329 RMS i App. 2 no. 663 [17th c index; ‘to David de Barclay, of the lands of Rothmay, the lands of Brechine and Kinloche, and sundry others, quhilk David de Brechin erga nos forisfecit’ (‘which David of Brechin forfeited to us’)]
    (John of) Kindeloch 1390 x 1392 RMS i no. 854 [a juror]
    Kinloch 1479 RMS ii no. 1414
    Kinlocht c.1560 s Assumption, 33
    the toft of Kinloich c.1560 s Assumption, 33
    Keanloch 1642 Gordon MS Fife [shown on east shore of Loch Rossy]
    Killoch 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Kinloch 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘D<avi>d Bruce Esqr.’]
    Kinloch 1828 SGF
    Kinloch 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
    Kinloch House 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

G ceann + ? G + G loch

‘End of two lochs’? Alternatively the medial -d(e)- which appears so consistently in all the early forms up until the early fourteenth century may represent the survival of the archaic m. (or n.) gen. sing. definite article (Ó Maolalaigh 1998, 20–1) or of the even older gen. pl. definite article (Pokorny 1923); it would thus be translated ‘end of the loch’ or ‘end of the lochs’.

    The loch in question was Rossie Loch, finally drained 1805–6 (Gillin and Reid 1979, 19). According to the maps of both Pont (1590s) and Gordon (1640s) Kinloch lay on the banks of this loch, at its eastern end. For the destruction of the village of Kinloch and the dispersal of its inhabitants, see Giffordtown CLS.

    The medial de in the twelfth- and thirteenth-century forms can be explained in several ways. Kinloch lay at the end not of Rossie Loch itself, but of a smaller loch which fed into the main loch (Gillin and Reid 1979, 16). The de may thus represent in *ceann da locha ‘at the end of two lochs’ (cf Glendaloch, Co. Wicklow, Ireland); or it may be a vestigial gen. pl. definite article (see Pokorny op. cit.). It is possible, however, that these two lochs were the result of unsuccessful drainage attempts in the seventeenth century (see Gillin and Reid 1979, 19). Certainly the loch is represented as a single body of water both by Pont in the 1590s and by Gordon in the 1640s. If there was originally only one loch, then the medial d is best explained as an archaic m. or n. gen. sing. definite article (loch m., earlier n.) (Ó Maolalaigh op. cit.).

    The earliest holder of the lands of Kinloch of whom we have a record is Morin or Murin, Latinised as Mauricius. He was the steward of Sir Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester, and as Morin de Kindeloch he witnessed an agreement between Inchaffray Abbey and Brackley Hospital, Northamptonshire, England c.1235 × 1238 along with his master, Earl Roger (Swinton 1905, 179; Brackley Charters 126). Swinton speculates that Morin’s father was Uchtred, and his son was John of Kinloch. It is likely that Uchtred also held Kinloch. We certainly know that he held land in the area, since Ness (son of William, the de Quincy’s predecessor in the lands of Leuchars, Lathrisk and Collessie) gave Uchtred, grandfather of John of Kinloch, sheep shielings in Kilwhiss in the late twelfth century (Swinton 1905, 174). At some point between 1248 and 1261 Kinloch came into the possession of Sir William of Brechin, laird of Lindores, grandson of Earl David of Huntingdon (Lind. Cart. nos. 137 (1248) and 114 (1261)). As part of the lands of Sir William, Kinloch was thirled to the mill of Lindores, firstly to the abbey mill of Craig Mill ABE, and after 1261 to the mill of Denmylne ABE (Lind. Cart. no. 114; see also Bonytoun # ABE).

    For details of the medieval landscape around Kinloch, see CLS Intro.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 4