Inchtuthel AMY S NO242118 1 50m

    Inchtuthel 1781 Sasines no. 45 [‘4 dales of land in Inchtuthel, 2 riggs of Middleflat, 2 dales in the South Side, 3 riggs and a geldon [53] of land in the Heavygrass’]
    Inchtuchel 1799 Sasines no. 5322 [4 deals of land in Inchtuchel of Auchtermuchty; to David Johnston]
    Inchtuthil 1799 Sasines no. 5425 [‘inclosure with the foot Ridge of said inclosure, Den AcreEarls Meadow with the 2 Quas [54] below the same, Wards and qua below said Wards, lands in Summer Lizard called Sibbald’s Lands ...’]
    piece of ground in Inchtuthel 1800 Sasine [in possession of Neal and Jane Robertson, 14 Cupar Road, Auchtermuchty; see discussion, below]
    Inchtuddel 1815 Sasines no. 10,538 [‘... lands of BoytsInchtuddel, Foulford, Happyhill and Needless’]

? en Inchtuthill

While this name could in theory derive directly from Gaelic, containing G innis (for which see preceding entry) + (probably) the G m. pn Tuathal, it is much more probably an antiquarian name of the late eighteenth century alluding to the most famous Roman camp in Scotland, Inchtuthill, Caputh, east of Dunkeld PER. This explanation becomes compelling when it is realised that at least part of the land of Inchtuthel lies within the remains of a Severan (early third-century AD) Roman marching camp. This camp was unknown to modern archaeologists until it showed up in aerial photographs taken in the 1950s (see NMRS NO21SW 17), but the name under discussion would indicate that there was enough still visible in the late eighteenth century for it to be recognised for what it was.

    The camp lay on the east side of the town of Auchtermuchty, straddling what is now the Cupar Road, and centred at NO2424 1185. Traces of the south-west side seem to have been found at NO240117, when a watching brief conducted on a small development at 31 Cupar Road recorded a ditch feature, cut into soft rock, in the site’s south-facing baulk. (R. Cachart and A. Williams 1992; for full details see NMRS NO21SW 17).

    That the name Inchtuthel applied to this part of Auchtermuchty is clear from the 1800 sasine relating to 14 Cupar Road, the relevant part of which reads as follows: ‘... all and whole that piece of ground in Inchtuthel lying upon the east end of the toun of Auchtermuchty, being a part of the lands called Smiddy lands, whereon the said George Nicol had built and erected a dwelling house. Bounded by the lands, dwelling house and march stones fixed in the line of march feued out by him, the said William Marshall, to James Ranken Senior and James Ranken Junior upon the east and south, by the lands belonging to Richard Stark and William Durie’s feu upon the west, and by the high way from Auchtermuchty to Cupar upon the north ...’[55]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4