Abdie ABE PS NO260164 1

?   cum capella de Erolyn 1189 x 1194 RRS ii no. 339 [see discussion; for dating, see under Pitlour SLO, below]
?   cum capella de Erolyn 1189 x 1194 Arb. Lib. i no. 35
?   cum capella de Erolyn 1191 x 1194 Arb. Lib. i no. 211
?   cum capellis de Drun et Erolyn 1195 x 1198 Arb. Lib. i no. 212 [‘with the chapels of Dron PER <by Abernethy> and Erolyn’]
?   cum capella de Erolyn 1210 x 1214 Arb. Lib. no. 213
    ecclesia de Ebedyn 1242 Paris BN MS latin 1218 fo 2v
    in matrici ecclesia de Ebedyn 1248 Lind. Cart. no. 63 [Henry of Denmuir will receive 25 s. a year from Lindores Abbey to support a chaplain in chapel of Denmuir, paid by hand of chaplain serving ‘in mother church of Abdie’]
    matrici ecclesie de Ebedyn 1249 Lind. Cart. no. 62 [Wm of Brechin committed to providing everything necessary for chaplain serving in his castle of Lindores, but chaplain shall profess canonical obedience to ‘the mother church of Abdie’]
    ecclesia de Lundors’ vel Ebedy 1245 x 1255 Dunf. Reg. no. 313 [‘the church of Lindores or Abdie’]
    apud Ebedyn 1253 Lind. Cart. no. 64
    (Thomas chaplain of) Ebedyn 1253 Lind. Cart. no. 64
    (parish of) Ebdy 1479 Balm. Lib. 19
    Ebdey c.1480 Laing 1876, 413
    Ebdy K<irk> 1590 x 1599 Pont MS 54B
    terras ecclesiasticas de Ebdie 1600 RMS vi no. 1032
    Ebdy k<irk> 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Ebdie K<irk> 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Eptè church 1664 Lamond’s Diary 175 [the Laird of Woodmill (Woodmille) ABE died in Woodmill and was buried at Abdie church]
    Ebde 1684 Adair/East Fife
    Abdie Kirk 1775 Ainslie/Fife

? G apainn

‘Church land; abbey land; abbacy’; earlier (OIr and MIr) apdaine ‘abbacy’. This element occurs in Abden KGH (PNF 1 s.n.) and elsewhere in Scotland, the best known example being Appin in Argyle. For a discussion of the term see Barrow (1989, 76–7), Watson 1926, 124, and Elements Glossary, PNF 5, s.v. Given that it derives from a Gaelic word, it is much more likely that the church or abbey to which the land in question belonged was the Pictish foundation of Abernethy  rather than the Tironensian abbey of Lindores, founded c.1190.

    Between 1189 and 1194 King William granted to Arbroath Abbey the church of Abernethy, with the chapel of Dron PER, the chapel of Dunbog FIF, the chapel of Erolyn, and half the lands of Ballo (Abernethy) and Pitlour (SLO FIF, formerly Abernethy FIF) (RRS ii no. 339). G. W. S. Barrow in an editorial note suggests that Erolyn is a scribal error for Ebedyn i.e. Abdie (RRS ii, p. 343). This is possible, although it should be noted that the bishops of Dunblane (in whose diocese Abernethy lay, while Abdie lay in St Andrews Diocese, Fife Deanery) continue to confirm the chapel of Erolyn to Arbroath Abbey up to 20 years after the church of Abdie (or Lindores as it was called at this time) had been given by Earl David to Lindores Abbey (Arb. Lib. i nos. 211–13) (see Rogers 1992, 227). Also note that, unlike this instance of ‘capella de Erolyn’, Abdie is not referred to as a chapel in other medieval charters but always as a church (ecclesia), although it was certainly in a dependent relationship to the church of Abernethy from an early date, and may still not have achieved full parochial status by the late twelfth century. The matter is further confused by the fact that Erolyn is identical to early forms of Airlie ANG, although it cannot be the same place, since Airlie has no Arbroath connections, being appropriated by Coupar Angus Abbey, and is always referred to as a church.[18] Another possibility is that it refers to Errol PER (St Andrews Diocese, Gowrie Deanery), which lies directly opposite Lindores Abbey, on the north bank of the Tay. However, early forms which can be certainly ascribed to Errol never show the –in/–yn ending; also Errol was an independent church with its own parson or rector before 1219, and in the early 1330s it was appropriated by Coupar Angus Abbey.[19]


This place-name appeared in printed volume 4