Cairnie KLM/MNZ S NO3518 2

    Karnyn 1172 x 1178 Barrow 1971 no. 1 [16th c. copy of 1395 copy; Bp Richard grants Moonzie MNZ and Cairnie to Odo his steward; see MNZ Intro.]
    Karnin 1189 x 1189 x 1195 Barrow 1971 no. 5 [o.c.; Bp-elect Roger’s confirmation of Bp Richard’s grant of Moonzie MNZ and Cairnie]
    magistro Rogero de Murdocarn 1189 x 1198 Black Book of St Andrews fo 35r [16th c.; Murdochcairnie KLM]
    Karnyn 1198 x 1199 Barrow 1971 no. 10 [16th c. copy of 1395 copy; Bp Roger confirms Bp Richard’s grant of Moonzie MNZ and Cairnie]
    Carnyn 1200 Barrow 1971 no. 11 [16th c. copy of 1395 copy; papal confirmation of Bp Richard’s grant of Moonzie MNZ and Cairnie]
    divisas de Myrrekarne 1240 x 1244 NLS Adv. MS 34.6.24, p. 417 [18th c. copy; Myrecairnie KLM]
    De uilla de Karnihilstan 1294 PRO E101/331/1 B [o.c.; printed Karinhalstan, Stevenson, Documents i, 415; paying £8 13 s. 4 d. annual rent to the earl of Fife]
    uilla de Hilkarny 1294 PRO E101/331/1 B [o.c.; Hillcairnie KLM]
    Milcarny 1294 PRO E101/331/1 B [o.c.; appears only here; see PNF 5 App. 2]
    Dauid de Berclay domino de Carny 1342 x 1352 NAS GD124/1/1116 [o.c.; w. charter of Earl Duncan of Fife, anent Cults (Qwylt) CLT]
    (Walter Oliphant of) Carnye 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 56
    Cuntascarnye et 1518 NLS Crawford Papers, B230(a) [lands of Countess Cairnie and Moonzie (Ouchtermunsy); see Lordscairnie MNZ, below]
    Thomas Inglis wyf of Carny 1520 Fife Ct. Bk. 194 [T. Inglis of Cairnie’s wife]
    Carny 1521 Fife Ct. Bk. 221 [Walter Oliphant in Cairnie culrahaitht][1]
    Cairny 1558 RMS iv no. 1698 [see Lattiesholl # MNZ ; Lordscairnie MNZ]
    apud Carny 1558 RMS iv no. 1698 [place-date, probably Lordscairnie MNZ]
    apud Carny 1569 RMS iv no. 1889 [place-date, probably Lordscairnie MNZ]
    terras de Cairny vocatas Cuntes-Carny 1603 RMS vi no. 1465 [‘the lands of Cairnie called Countess Cairnie’ (i.e. Lordscairnie MNZ) to the Lindsays]
    Cairney 1753 Roy [Cairney is name of OS Pathf. Lordscairnie Castle, while Lordskairney is applied to OS Pathf. Lordscairnie, on east side of road]
    New Kairney 1753 Roy [Newcairnie KLM]
    Holecairnie 1775 Ainslie/Fife [beside Lordscairnie Tower MNZ]

G càrn + – in

‘Place of cairn or cairns’, probably one or more tumuli or prehistoric burial mounds, which can no longer be identified. The name denoted a large territory, already divided up by the twelfth century: Karnin etc. associated with Moonzie in the late twelfth-century record probably referred to what later became known as Lordscairnie MNZ. By the fifteenth century the territory consisted of four estates: Hillcairnie KLM, Lordscairnie and Holecairnie # MNZ, Murdochcairnie KLM and Myrecairnie KLM. Newcairnie KLM first appears in the eighteenth century, and may have been created out of the lands of Murdochcairnie. Only the earliest forms of each of these have been given above; for other forms and fuller details, see under the individual head-names, below. The fact that the territory is divided between two parishes is most likely a result of the late creation of MNZ by Bp William of St Andrews in the early thirteenth century in favour of the Trinitarian Friars at Scotlandwell (for which see MNZ Intro., below).

    OS Pathf. has the following names containing Cairnie: Hillcairnie, Lordscairnie, Murdochcairnie (and Murdochcairnie Hill), Myrecairnie (and Myrecairnie Hill), Newcairnie, all in KLM, and Cairney Lodge CUP.

    There are lands called Cairnie, St Madoes PER, in the western part of the Carse of Gowrie, which are confusingly also associated with the Lindsays of Crawford, though from a much earlier date (see for example RMS i no. 190). This is probably why RCAHMS Fife, 215, quotes RMS i no. 190 as referring to Cairnie in Fife, when it refers in fact to Cairnie, St Madoes.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 4