Kilrymont SSL S NO513167 1 10m
Mors Tuathalain abbatis Cinrigh Monai 747 AU p. 202 [ES i, p. 238; ‘the death of Tuathalan abbot of Kinrymont’]
(death of Tuathalán abbot of) Cind righ monaigh 747 AT ES i p. 238
hi Cind ri<g>monaidh 965 Chron. Scot. [‘Aodh son of Maolmithigh died on pilgrimage, i.e. in *Kinrymont’ (Aodh mac Maoilmithidh in perigrinatione moritur .i. hi Cind Ri Monaidh)]
Rigmonath c.980 x 1000 Chron. Picts-Scots 108 [introduction to Life of Cathróe; see SSL Introduction for more details]
ad verticem montis regis, id est Rithmonut c.1100 FAA MS A [see SSL Introduction Foundation Accounts for more details;‘to the top or head of the royal hill, that is *Rymont’, where vertex translates G ceann ‘head, end’, and mons regis ‘*Rymont’]
Cenrimunt 1109 John of Worcester, Chronicle 3, 118–19 [also SAEC, 132; Thomas archbishop of York ‘consecrated Turgot, prior of Durham, to the bishopric of St Andrew of Scotland, which is called Kilrymont’ (Turgodum Dunholmensem priorem ad episcopatum Sancti Andreae de Scottia, qui dicitur Cenrimunt, consecrauit)]
Chenrimuntensis 1120 x 1120 x 1126 Eadmer 281 [Eadmer writes of his own election as bishop of St Andrews ‘he received ... the episcopate of the apostle Saint Andrew of *Kinrymont’ (suscepit ... pontificatum Sancti Andreae apostoli Chenrimuntensis)]
(mill of) Kilrimund 1140 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 54r [printed Kilremund, St A. Lib. 122]
Chilrimonith c.1140 x 1152 FAB W1 [early 14 c.]
regia urbs Rymont, regius mons c.1145 AA §1 [18th c.; see Appendix 1, below, for full text and translation]
Kilrimund 1147 x 1159 St A. Lib. 124 (1) [rubric]
in Chilrimunid 1147 x 1159 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 54v [printed Chilrimund, St A. Lib. 124 (1); a toft and three crofts in Kilrymont; see Kinness Burn SSL for more details]
Cill Rigmonaig c.1150 x c.1150 x 1175 FO, 222 [Cainnech of Aghaboe ‘has an abbey-church in Kilrymont in Scotland’ (Caindech ... ata reicles dó a Cill Rigmonaig ind Albain); see also KWY Introduction PNF 2; approximate date from Ó Riain 1999, 89]
Kilrimoneth 1153 x 1159 St A. Lib. 125
Kilrimund 1153 x 1159 St A. Lib. 125
ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis de Kilrimund 1163 St A. Lib. 55
ecclesia parochiali Sancte Trinitatis et de Kylrimonthschyr’ 1163 x 1164 St A. Lib. 132 [rubric]
ecclesiam Sanct<e> Trinitatis parochialem in Kilrimund 1163 x 1164 St A. Lib. 132 [‘the parish church of the Holy Trinity in Kilrymont with the land of Kindargog with which the above-mentioned church is endowed, along with the chapels in the whole shire of Kilrymont’ (cum terra Kindargog de qua prefata ecclesia dotata est cum capellis de tota sira de Kilrimund); confirmation charter by Bp Richard to Priory, assuming he was still bishop-elect, since King Malcolm IV confirms this grant 1163 x 1164 (see RRS i no. 239)]
tota sira de Kilrimund 1163 x 1164 St A. Lib. 132 [see previous]
ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis parochialem in Kilrimund 1163 x 1164 RRS i no. 239 [cum terra de Kindargog de qua prefata ecclesia dotata est cum capellis in tota skira de Kilrimund]
tota skira de Kilrimund 1163 x 1164 RRS i no. 239 [see previous]
Kilrimund 1165 x 1169 RRS ii no. 28 [o.c.; see Kinness Burn SSL]
in tota schyra de Kilrimund 1165 x 1169 RRS ii no. 28 [o.c; ‘in the whole shire of Kilrymont’]
Willelmo capellano de Kilrimund 1173 x 1178 NLS Adv.MS.15.1.18 no. 70 [o.c.; another copy St A. Lib. 243, same form; w. Earl Duncan of Fife charter]
ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis de Kilrimund parochialem 1183 St A. Lib. 58 [‘and its cemetery’; see SSL Introduction]
una tofta in Kilrimuned 1183 St A. Lib. 58
molendinum de Kilremuned 1183 St A. Lib. 58
Kinrimoned 1202 x 1214 St A. Lib. 237
ecclesia Sancte Trinitatis de Kylrimund 1243 St A. Lib. 348 [dedicated by Bp David de Bernham]
canonicorum Sancti Andree de Reymonth 1440s Scotichron. Bk. 1, ch. 6 (vol. 1, 14) [‘May, whose priory is a cell of the canons of Saint Andrew of *Rymont’ (Maia prioratus cuius est cella canonicorum Sancti Andree de Reymonth)]
G ceann + en *Rymont
‘End or head of *Rymont’. Rymont derives ultimately from Pictish *Rimonid, Gaelicised as *Rìghm(h)onadh [OG cenn ríg monaid], later *Rìmhinn, meaning ‘royal or king’s muir, upland, rough grazing’ The eponymous muir is probably the whole upland area between St Andrews (Kilrymont) and Crail, with Kilrymont at the north-west end, while the south-east section of the upland above Crail, and stretching towards Dunino, is still known as Kingsmuir, the Sc equivalent of *Rìghm(h)onadh. The name is discussed by Watson 1926, 396–8 and Taylor 1998a, 3. The earliest form from the mid-eighth century, which occurs in a source produced in a Gaelic-speaking milieu, is likely to be a Gaelicisation of a Pictish *Penrimonid or the like.
Kilrymont was the older name for St Andrews, and referred originally to the headland occupied from the twelfth century onwards by the cathedral and priory precincts, where the original church and settlement once stood (see Brooks and Whittington 1977, 292–3; see also Muchros # SSL, below).
Already by the twelfth century the first element was appearing as Kil-, Kyl-, Chil- from G cill ‘church’. This was a conscious change within a Gaelic-speaking milieu, influenced by the religious importance of the place. M. O. Anderson suggests that the change starts to take place in the 1130s (1974, 1). In the shorter Foundation Account (FAA), which represents the authoritative voice of the Gaelic-speaking Church establishment at St Andrews around the year 1100, the name is still very definitely *Kinrymont not Kilrymont (see SSL Introduction, Foundation Accounts, above).
In the list of parishes in Fife Deanery c.1250 the ‘parish church of Kilrymont’ is referred to as ecclesia Sancte Trinitatis de Sancto Andrea (St A. Lib. 34). However, in 1243 it is still being referred to as the church of the Holy Trinity of Kilrymont (see ibid. 348). This church, which supplies the above NGR, lay between the south-east end of the cathedral and the church of St Regulus until it was re-sited in South Street in 1412 (see Brooks and Whittington 1977, 292–3).
The name was long obsolete when it was revived in 1955 for the newly built Kilrymont Road on the southern edge of St Andrews, which has in turn spawned Kilrymont Place, Kilrymont Cresent (Smart and Fraser 1995, 34) and Kilrymont School. It has survived in the modern Gaelic for St Andrews, Cill Rìmhinn, while the second element is to be found in Balrymonth SSL q.v.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 3