Hill Of Beath
Beth hill 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Hills of Bath 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Beathhill 1724 Geog. Coll. i, 302
Beath Hill 1828 SGF
Hill of Beath 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Sc hill + Sc of + en Beath
The Hill of Beath (always with the definite article) refers to the conspicuous hill (240 m) beside the M90 north-east of Dunfermline, while Hill of Beath (no definite article) refers to the settlement at its foot.
On the top of this hill OS 6 inch 1st edn. shows The Cloich. This would appear to derive ultimately from G clach ‘stone’. However, OS Name Book 131, 35 notes of The Cloich that it is ‘a deep hollow or hiding place near the summit of the Hill of Beath. Here the first armed conventicle was held against prelacy by the ejected ministers of Troqueer and Rutherglen.’ If this feature is the original referent of the name, then it may rather derive from Sc cleugh ‘ravine, small, deep valley’.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 1