Sauchope CRA S NO622084 1 364 15m SEF

Alan<us> de Salchoc 1260 NAS GD45/27/8 fo 162v [printed Salelioc, St A. Lib. 385; MS badly stained here]
Edoc de Salcohc 1282 x 1290 St A. Lib. 344 [for dating see Newhall CRA; listed as one of those of the town of Crail paying rent (16 d) to St Andrews Priory]
Salchop 1458 RMS ii no. 610 col. 3 [one of the lands belonging to Haddington Priory; see CRA Introduction]
terras de Sauchope 1558 x 1564 RMS iv no. 1538 [priory of Haddington feus to George Learmonth (Leirmonth) of Balcomie (Balcomy) CRA and Euphemia Leslie, his spouse, the lands of Sauchope with its mansion etc. in the parish of Crail (Carrale)]
ad hortum (et) horrea de Sauchope 1558 x 1564 RMS iv no. 1538 [the teinds of the lands of Kilminning (Kylmynnane) CRA and Wormiston (Wilmerstoun) CRA to be brought by the wagons of George Learmonth (Leirmonth) etc at their own cost, ‘to the garden (and) barns of Sauchope’][118]
Sauchop c.1560 s Assumption, 177 [the teinds of Sauchope, Balcomie and Kilminning, to Haddington Priory]
Sauchope c.1560 s Assumption, 177 [teinds of Sauchope, £37 money]
Sauchup 1587 Retours (Fife) no. 1482 [‘with a mansion in the parish of Crail’ (cum mansione in parochia de Craill)]
Sauchop 1594 RMS vi no. 100
terris de Sauchop 1600 Retours (Fife) no. 80 [John Learmonth (Lermonth); see Balcomie CRA]
Salchas 1622 RMS viii no. 306 col. 2 [see Frithfield KRY; the printed edition has ‘Salchas (Salchop?)’]
Sachup 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Sachup 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Sachope 1684 Adair/East Fife
Lawchop 1753 Roy sheet 19, 5
Saughope 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Sauchop 1816 Sasines no. 11254 [the lands of Sauchope include ‘rigg and baulk near the Windmill and in the Howfields, an acre etc. in the Templelands and Plunder, and 1½ acres in the shade called Scotfauld’][119]
Sauchope 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Sauchope 1899 OS 1 inch 2nd edn

? G seileach + ? – ōc

‘Willow-place, place of (the) willow(s)’? The first element is probably G seileach, OIr sailech ‘willow’. Other possibilities might be sàl (m.) ‘sea, salt-water’; or sàil (f.) ‘heel’, also used of a spur of land, although neither of these would account for the medial fricative ch. The final syllable is some kind of locational suffix, which may ultimately derive from Pictish. It is found also in Cambo KBS. The peculiar development of final c to p, which was complete by the mid-fifteenth century, may be the result of dissimilation after ch.

The early forms are very similar to those of Salwhoch # LEU (Salechoc 1207 St A. Lib. 85) (PNF 4), which does not appear in records after the thirteenth century. Compare also Sauchar ELI (below) and Sauchie, Alloa parish CLA.

The entire landscape around Sauchope has been levelled by the creation of the (now disused) military airfield in World War II, but the name itself persists in Crail in the street-name Sauchope Crescent.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 3