Balmakin CBE S NO488049 1 374 80m SEF

(Buthach of) Balmalkin 1266 Laing Chrs. no. 8 [see CBE Introduction]
Andreu Balmalkyn 1296 Inst. Pub. 145 [from Fife]
Symon de Balmalky 1351 NAS Cal. of Charters no. 119A [w. Simon of Balmakin of that ilk]
(Simon of) Balmalky 1351 x 1358 RRS vi no. 206 [o.c.; see Pitcorthie CBE]
(Simon of) Balmelkin 1359 CPP i, 346 [Simon of Balmakin esquire requests permission to visit the Holy Sepulchre etc., with Thomas Bisset and Walter Leslie (de Lessely) knight and six (unnamed) esquires]
? (John of) Balmalkyn 1409 Arb. Lib. ii no. 49 [given the context, this is more likely to represent Balmachie, Panbride ANG]
Balmalkyn 1452 x 1480 RMS no. 1444 [St Andrews Church land]
Balmoukin 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 398 [17th c. copy; Taxt roll of Fife, £3]
(the sunny half of) Balmakin 1588 RMS v no. 1512 [in regality of St Andrews]
(lands of) Balmakin 1592 RMS v no. 2100 [with their coals, ‘in parish of Carnbee’ (in parochia de Carrnbie); formerly held by archdeacon of St Andrews]
terris de Balmakene 1601 Retours (Fife) no. 95 [in parish of Carnbee (Carnebie), with other lands in the barony of Balniel (Balneill) KCQ]
Balmack 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Balmarken vel Balmaken 1669 Retours (Fife) no. 1054 [‘or’]
Balmakin 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Balmakin 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Balmakin 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

G bail e + ? pn

The personal name here may represent G maol + ceann ‘bald head’, Old Irish el/máil + cenn, perhaps a nick-name or by-name. However, it is also possible that the specific element refers to a conspicuous topographic feature such as a bare hill. Kilbrackmont Knock, which rises 100 m up to its summit of 158 m immediately behind Balmakin on its south east slope, is just such a feature which, if unwooded, or deforested, could have given rise to the name.

/bəlˈmekɪn/, though bəlˈmakɪn/ is said to be the older pronunciation.[61]

This place-name appeared in printed volume 3