Lathones CMN SSL S NO474085 1 374 175m WEF

Lathone 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 [St Andrews Church land]
Lathon 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 401 [17th c. copy]
(lands of) Lathonis 1539 St A. Rent. 41 [lands of Lathones, lands of *Clerkinsheils (Clerkinschelis) CMN?]
Lathonis 1542 St A. Rent. 135 [Lathones and a third part of *Clerkinsheils (Clerkinschelis)]
Lathonis 1587 Assumption, 13 [listed in the rental of the teind sheaves of the St Andrews Priory, within the parish of St Andrews (the Trinity); leased for 2 bolls bere, 12 bolls oats]
Lathone 1593 RMS v no. 2273
Midle, Wester et Norther Lathoms 1599 Retours (Fife) no. 76 [alias Auchinchochin (Achenochen) CMN, q.v.]
Thom<as> Martene de Lathone 1611 RMS vii no. 427
(John Martene of) Lathonis 1623 RMS viii no. 623
Lathouse 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [error for Lathonse or Lathones]
Lathon 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Lathons 1684 Adair/East Fife
Lathons 1698 Retours (Fife) no. 1409 [‘Auchinhochane (Auchinchochin CMN) alias Midle, Wester & Norther Lathons’]
Lawthones 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1 [also shows Lathones Windmill]
E Lathones 1775 Ainslie/Fife [shown on east side of main road, A 915]
Lathones March 1775 Ainslie/Fife
W Lathones 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Lathons 1784 Sasines no. 881 [‘Auchinchochin called Middle, Wester & Norther Lathons’]
Lathons 1800 Cameron Parish Papers [eight houses]
Lathones March 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
New Town Lathones 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
West Lathones 1800 Cameron Parish Papers
Easter Lathones 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Wester Lathones 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
Lathones 1828 SGF
Lethonse 1855 OS Name Book (21, 21)
Lathones 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [referring to a large area in south CMN]

? G leth + ? G tòn

The first element, probably G leth ‘half, side’, is found also in contiguous Lathockar CMN (q.v.), and so together they seem to have formed two halves of an older unit divided when Gaelic was still the dominant language. The second element may be G tòn ‘back-side, posterior’, also applied to rounded hills resembling that body-part. The expected lenition after leth would explain the medial dental fricative /T / (th) (G leth thòine ‘the half of (the) rounded hill’).

According to Ainslie/East Fife (1827), Wester Lathones is at NGR NO468089. Wester, Middle and Norther Lathones were together known as Auchinchochin #, which see for more details.

Ainslie/Fife (1775) shows Milltown on the west side of the main road, facing E Lathones, at or near the site of OS Pathf. Lathones. It also shows Newtown, which is part of the Lathones estate, the *Newtown of Lathones mentioned in 1800 (see early forms), since it lies south of Lathones March, slightly to the north of Milltown.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 3