Newton MAI S NO296027 1 373 95m SOF
Neuton 1294 PRO E101/331/1 [o.c.; printed Nontone in Stevenson, Documents i, 417; see MAI Introduction]
? de Neutone 1393 RMS i no. 870 [confirmation of grant by Robert earl of Fife and Menteith to John Wemyss, concerning many estates in Fife, including ‘de Myrcarny (Myrecairnie KLM), de Neutone et de Markinche’]
le Neutoune 1451 ER v 469 [32 chalders of coals from the fermes of the Newton and Markinch (de firmis de le Newtoune et Markinche)]
Newtown de Markinch 1511 RMS ii no. 3606 [feued to John Multrar (Multrare)]
(lands of) Newtoun de Markinche 1609 Retours (Fife) no. 205 [along with ‘Eister Markinche, Nether Markinche, Pittinhaggillis, Inshehome, Bichtie’, with 6 acres of the meadow (prati) of Dalginch (Dalginche) KWY, MAI]
Easter Newtoun 1667 RMS xi no. 1074
Wester Newtoun 1667 RMS xi no. 1074
Newtown 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Newtown 1775 Ainslie/Fife [and Newtown Cottown to the north-east]
Newton 1827 Ainslie/East Fife [and Newton Cotton]
Newton 1828 SGF
Newton 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Sc new + Sc toun
‘New farm’. Presumably a thirteenth-century assart in the northern part of the lands of Markinch, it was part of the shire of Strathleven at the end of that century (Stevenson, Documents i, 417; see also MAI Introduction).
Neutone and Markinche appear in 1393 in a list of lands scattered throughout Fife granted to Sir John Wemyss by Earl Robert of Fife (RMS i no. 870). However, this more probably relates to Newton WMS.
On the 1794 ‘Plan of the Farm of Newton of Markinch’ (RHP23583) an area of water called Carlochies is shown along the eastern end of the northern march, around NO298037. The same plan also shows Trinly Moss at the northern end of the western march with the lands of Balbirnie, around NO289031.
As is the case with many other farms in Fife, Newton had its cotton or ‘territory (toun and lands) entirely set to cottars’ (Sanderson 1983, 43). This appears as Cottary 1794 RHP23583, Newtown Cottown 1775 Ainslie/Fife, and Newton Cotton 1827 Ainslie/East Fife. It lay at NO300031, where a building is shown but not named on SGF (1828) and on OS 6 inch 1st edn, on the southern edge of the large moss of Lochmuir Wood and Star Moss.
/ˈnjutən/, also locally /ˈnɪtən/.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 2