Pilkhambrae # ATL S NT186897 1 145m
Pi<l>comber 1710 Stevenson 1908, 93 [Stevenson has Pitcomber, see below; rental is £100 Scots, compared with £266 13s. 4d. Scots for Craigton ATL]
Pilcumbare 1822 RHP37877
Pilkhambrae 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn.
Sc pilk ‘em bare
‘Strip or rob them bare’. A humorous name denoting either land difficult to gain a living from, or a holding whose rent was considered extortionate.
It has been either incorrectly written in the document quoted by Stevenson (1908, 93), or incorrectly read by him, as Pitcomber for *Pilcomber. This has given rise to the mistaken belief that it was originally a Pit-name, interpreted as Pitcolme ‘town of St Columba’ (Stevenson 1908, 3–4).
The site of the house and steading is now covered by the Mossmorran ethylene plant, on or near OS Pathf. Beverkae House. The name survives only in OS Pathf. Pilkham Hills to the south of the site.
The name Pilkembare occurs also in Pilkenbare FGN (Pilkhembare 1775 Ainslie/Fife, Pikembrae 1827 Ainslie/East Fife); and in the now obsolete place-names Pilkimbare KTT (1787 Sasines no. 1765), and Pilkembare # KDT, AAX.
Pilkham in Pilkham Hills is pronounced /ˈpɪlkəm/
This place-name appeared in printed volume 1