Kilmux KWY S NO3604 2

terram que dicitur Chenmochaueth 1164 x 1178 St A. Lib. 259 [see KWY Introduction]
terram que dicitur Kenmokathin 1164 x 1178 St A. Lib. 259
terram que dicitur Kenmocheth 1183 St A. Lib. 60 [Pope Lucius III’s confirmation; ‘beside Kennoway’ (iuxta Kennachin); see Kennoway, above]
terram que dicitur Kinmuhched’ 1189 x 1198 St A. Lib. 152
quandam terram que dicitur Chenmochaueth 1189 x 1195 RRS ii no. 333 [King William’s confirmation; a certain land which is called Kilmux by its right marches etc; no parish or other locational details given]
terram que dicitur Kinmuhched 1189 x 1198 St A. Lib. 152 [date from Watt, Graduates, 446a; Bishop-elect Roger’s confirmation charter to St Andrews Priory; ‘by the gift of Merleswain’ (ex dono Merlesyoni) of the church of Kennoway (Kennakin) with the lands belonging to it and ‘the land which is called Kilmux’]
terra de Kinemuch’ 1214 x 1233 St A. Lib. 251B [rubric]
terram que dicitur Kenmuckeveth 1214 x 1233 St A. Lib. 251B [in Kennowayshire (Kennochyr)]
Kenmukeveth 1214 x 1233 St A. Lib. 252 [in Kennowayshire (Kennochynschyr)]
Kinmuchaueth 1214 x 1233 St A. Lib. 254 [rubric]
Kenmuch 1214 x 1233 St A. Lib. 254 [in Kennowayshire (Kinnahhinsyre)]
quandam terram que dicitur Kenmuchauet 1228 St A. Lib. 235 [Alexander II’s confirmation; ‘a certain land which is called Kilmux’ by its right marches; no parish or other locational details given]
cum terra et decima garbarum de Kinmuc 1241 St A. Lib. 168 [‘with the land of garbal teind of Kilmux’; see discussion]
lv s’ de fine Elye de Kymmok’ 1294 PRO E372/141/m. 56 [‘45 s. from the fine of Elias of K. for the relieve of his land of K.’ (pro releuio terre sue de Kymmok’); printed Kymmoke 1293 Stevenson, Documents i, 409; tenant of the earl of Fife; see PNF 5, Appendix 2]
pro releuio terre sue de Kymmok’ 1294 PRO E372/141/m. 56 [see preceding]
Priouris-Kynmuk 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 col. 2 [Kilmux of the prior of St Andrews]
le Chawmeris-Kynmuk 1452 x 1480 RMS ii no. 1444 col. 2 [the Chalmer’s Kilmux i.e. belonging to family called Chalmers; see also below, 1530 x 1531]
(lands of) Medilkynnuk 1467 RMS ii no. 920 [presumably a transcription error for Medilkynmuk (*Middle Kilmux), a name attested in 1487, see below; to Robert Hunter]
(lands of) Kinmuk 1471 RMS ii no. 1039 col. 2 [the church of Kennoway (Kennochy) with the lands of Kilmux (Kinmuk) and Lundin (Lundy) LAR]
(lands of) Myddil-Kinmuk 1487 RMS ii no. 1677 [to David Balfour, burgess of Dysart (Dysert) FIF, resigned by Archibald Hunter and Margaret Simpson (Symsoun)]
in Kynmukkis 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 48 [William Ged and Andrew Bell in Kilmux]
Kinmu 1517 RMS iii no. 148 col. 3 [to George Leslie earl of Rothes; part of the barony of Ballinbreich FLK]
Kilmoukis 1531 RMS iii no. 1015 [to John Spence of Mairston (Maristoun) CRA, the lands of Colliston (Collistoun) SCO, which had been John Chalmer (Chalmer)’s of Drumlochy; on 19 August 1530, these lands, ‘with the lands of Kilmux held in blanche ferme of the lord of Kilconquhar, baron of Scoonie, to be held in blanche-ferme for a pair of white gloves or 2 d. silver on the soil of Easter Kilmux’ (cum terris de Kilmoukis de domino de Kilconquhare barone de Scony in alba firma tentis pro uno pare albarum cirothecarum seu 2 den. argenti super solum de Estir K<ilmoukis>). Valued by an asise of local lairds, all of whom are named]
Kynmukkis 1540 RMS iii no. 2094 [earl of Rothes]
Kilmukles 1587 Assumption 10 [feued for ?10; rental of the fermes of St Andrews Priory]
Kylmukles 1587 Assumption 18 [set in feu and assedation to the laird of Durie (Dury) SCO for ?10]
Kilmukis 1593 RMS v no. 2273 [among St Andrews Priory lands]
terris de Kilmui 1601 Retours (Fife) no. 104 [Robert Durie of that ilk SCO]
Eister Kilmuckis 1620 RMS vii no. 2151 [teinds of the vicarage of Scoonie ... of the touns and lands of Easter Kilmux (Eister Kilmuckis), Colliston (Collistoune) SCO and Ovenstone (Uinstoun) SCO; see Priestfield SCO]
terras de Kilmu 1625 Retours (Fife) no. 364
W. Kyllm..ick 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Kilmuckes 1644 RMS ix no. 1550 [to Sir John Carstairs, knight, of Kilconquhar; the lands and tenantry of Kilconquhar (Kilconquhar), and the lands of *Cauldcotts (Caldcoittis) WMS, MAI and Kilmux, incorporated into the barony of Kilconquhar]
lands of Kilmukis-Wester 1653 Retours (Fife) no. 805 [John Pitcairne]
Kylmucks 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
W. Kylmucks 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Kyllmuick 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
W. Kyllmuick 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Kilmu e 1662 Lamont’s Diary 154
Kilmowkes 1668 Lamont’s Diary 205 [‘Henry Landells in Kennoway, ane old man, who sold Kilmowkes, depairted out of this life att Kennoway’]
Kilmuck 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Kilmucks 1775 Ainslie/Fife [in SCO = OS Pathf. Kilmux House?]
Nether Kilmucks 1775 Ainslie/Fife [in KWY]
Upper Kilmucks 1775 Ainslie/Fife [in KWY = OS Pathf. Wester Kilmux?]
Easter Kilmucks 1795 RHP2580 [‘Mr Tullideph’s property’]
Wester Kilmucks 1795 RHP2580
Easter Kilmu 1818 Sasines no. 12264 [‘lands of Easter Kilmux and of Colliston (Collieston) SCO, barony of Methil (Methel) WMS, and the Temple Lands of Collieston’ in parish of Scoonie]
Kilmu 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [SCO = OS Pathf. Kilmux House; Wester Kilmux in KWY]
Easter Kilmu 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [SCO; at NO369055 ‘ruin’; nothing shown here on OS Pathf.]
Wester Kilmu 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [KWY]

G ceann + ? en *Muckveth

There are several difficulties in analysing this name. The first element is the ubiquitous G ceann ‘end, head’, which means that what follows might well be an existing name, so ‘end of a place (area, territory?) called *Muckveth’. This would then allow for *Muckveth to be a considerably older coining. W. J. Watson is in no doubt that the name is to be analysed Cenn Mucamhaigh ‘head of swine plain’ (1926, 502–3). While there is no problem with the second element as G muc ‘pig, swine’, the final consonant of G magh so consistently represented by th or d requires some explanation. It can be compared with the final element of Migdale SUT (Miggewethe 1275) and Migvie ABD (Miggeueth c.1180, Migaueth c.1210) (early forms from Watson 1926, 375), both of which contain the Pictish element *mig ‘bog’, and so the possibility should be entertained that *Muckveth, too, is ultimately of Pictish origin. The only way to explain the final element as G magh would be if th or d were an attempt to represent not a dental consonant but the voiced velar fricative /ɤ/, which is how it is sounded in modern Gaelic, and this may in fact provide evidence that it was already being sounded as such by the later twelfth century.[107] Whatever this final element *veth, it seems also to be present in Alva CLA (Alueth 1170 × 1178 Camb. Reg. no. 12; Alweth 1173 × 1178 RRS ii no. 162; in Alueth c.1200 Life of St Serf (Macquarrie 1993, 142)).[108]

    It is not until the sixteenth century that forms beginning with Kil- start to appear, soon completely ousting forms with Kin-. This probably initially happened for purely phonological reasons, with the dissimilation of the two nasal stops n + m to a liquid l + nasal m, a consonant combination slightly easier to pronounce. However, this change would have been facilitated by the existence of relatively high-status Kil-names in the local place-nomenclature (such as the parish-names Kilrenny, Kilmany, Kilconquhar). Once the Kil-form had become established, it seems to have led local antiquarians to interpret it as G cill ‘church’, which in turn may have led to the re-interpretion of aspects of the locality in ecclesiastical terms. For a probable example of this, see Chapel Brae KWY, above.

    By the fifteenth century the name had lost its final syllable; and the lands had become divided into at least two parts (see 1452 × 1480 form). This led to the development of Sc pl. form ending in -is, the resultant -kis being reduced to -ks, often written x. The pl. form soon became the standard form of the place-name, although that an alternative form without the pl. existed into the seventeenth or even the eighteenth century is clear from the Blaeu (Gordon) and Roy forms.

    OS Pathf. Kilmux House, Kilmux Farm and Kilmux Cottages are all in SCO parish (q.v.), while only OS Pathf. Wester Kilmux is in KWY. It was stated in PNF 2, 235 that “the repeated association of Kilmux with Kennoway in the charter evidence indicates that Kennoway is the parish of which ‘the land of Kilmux’ formed an integral part”. However, as pointed out in PNF 5, 607, this statement needs modifying in the light of a charter issued in November 1241 by which Bishop David de Bernham gave to St Andrews Priory the church of Scoonie, with all things belonging to it by right, except for the altarage[109] for the vicars who might minister in that church during that time, along with the land and garbal teind of Kilmux, on condition that the priory apply the fruits or income of that church ‘to God and the building fund of the church of St Andrew’[110] (St A. Lib. 168).[111]

    Millar (1895 i, 45) places Kilmux in the north-western corner of SCO, ‘extending into the adjoining parish of Kennoway’. *Chalmers-Kilmux was in the hands of the ‘baron of Scoonie’ in 1531 (RMS iii no. 1015), and thereafter there are frequent mentions of the lands of Kilmux and its teinds being held by the laird of Durie SCO (e.g. 1587 Assumption 18; 1601 Retours (Fife) no. 104).


This place-name appeared in printed volume 2