Caurd Well KWY W NO347026 1 373
Cardie’s Well 1931 Wilkie 1931, 125-6
Caurdy Well 2001 OS Explorer
? Sc caird or pn Cardan + Sc wall
It probably contains the Sc caird (also card, cyaurd etc) ‘a tinker’, and as such is found frequently attached to the names of wells. However, a tradition has grown up which re-interprets many of these wells as containing the name of a remarkable sixteenth-century Italian physician and scientist, Girolamo or Hieronimo Cardano (Latin Hieronymus Cardanus), sometimes known by the English version of his name, Jerome Cardan (1501–76). In 1552 he came to St Andrews to cure Archbishop John Hamilton of his asthma. His international reputation as a man of science ensured that he was feted everywhere he went. There is also a Cardan’s Well near Letham MML (see PNF 4), and Cardinal’s Well ANG (NO49 48) might be connected with this same tradition. W. M. Alexander tells a similar story under Cardenwell, Fyvie ABD, early forms of which he gives as Cardenwell 1665, Cardonwall 1686: ‘The Carden Well is at the roadside near Tifty. There was a Carden Well in Aberdeen, which gave rise to the street name there, Carden Place; also one in St Andrews (see Pennant’s Tour). In both these cases the derivation is given as Cardan’s Well, so called in memory of Jerome Cardan, physician, who visited Scotland in 1552’. Alexander is clearly not completely convinced, adding ‘Anyway, the carden which is in Cardenwell seems to belong to the Scots period’ (1952, 32–3).
Not on OS 6 inch 1st edn, it appears on OS Explorer (2001) as Caurdy Well.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 2