Dura KMB S NO413140 2 65m
Durachmure 1412 Fraser, Melville iii no. 25 [William Scott (Scot) lord of of Balwearie KDT to John Melville (the Malvyle), son and heir of John Melville of Raith (Rath) KDT and to his daughter Marjory, on her marriage to John (junior) ‘all my lands of Duramure ... saving the annual eighth to the church of St Andrews’ (al my landis of Durachmure ... saufand the annuale aucht to the kirk of Andirstoun); see also Callange CER c.1400]
(canonry and prebend of) Duray 1430 CSSR iii [to David Broun, in Chapel Royal, St Andrews]
Dura 1439 CSSR iv, 126 [Adam de Montgomery, canonry and prebend of Dura, of the Chapel Royal of St Mary (of the Rock), St Andrews]
Dwray 1491 Fraser, Melville iii no. 53
prebend<a> de Dura 1501 RMS ii no. 2601
Duray 1510 RMS ii no. 3427 [to Scott of Balwearie KDT]
Dura 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 398 [17th c. copy]
Duray 1529 RMS iii no. 760 [to Scott of Balwearie KDT]
prebenda de Duray 1542 RSS ii no. 4853 [connected with the collegiate church of St Mary of the Rock, St Andrews]
Duray c.1560 s Purves 154 [Easter Pitscottie CER and Dura, ?4]
Dury c.1560 s Assumption 71 [Dura and Rumgally(Rumgallie) KMB, prebend of St Mary on the Rock, St Andrews]
villa et terris de Dura 1624 Retours (Fife) no. 346 [David Weymis, minister of the Word of God]
? Dun 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [in approximately the right position; if so, then a misreading of *Duri or the like]
Dura 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Dura House 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
Dura Mains 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn
? G dobhar + G ? – ach
‘Place of waters or burns’. Durie SCO contains the same element with a different locational suffix. The eastern march of the lands of Dura is formed by the long, deep glen or den known as Dura Den. Dura House (NO413140), which is probably the early old centre of the estate, lies a short distance from the den, and about 30 m above it. There is also a small burn which seems to rise near the house and flow down into the Ceres Burn. For similar names formed from G dobhar ‘water’, see Watson 1926, 456 (Doras, Dares, Dobhrag, Alltdourie, Findowrie). The NGR is for OS Pathf. Dura House which is shown simply as Dura on Ainslie/Fife (1775). Ainslie/Fife shows Dura Farm to the north-west of Dura, at or about OS Pathf. Dura Mains.
In the earliest occurrence of the name (Durachmure 1412 Fraser, Melville iii no. 25), the second element is most likely G mòr ‘big’, a unique example in Fife of a Gaelic affix. Alternatively it might represent Sc muir, but this is unlikely given that the name seems to apply to a viable land-unit, not just a stretch of rough grazing that muir would imply.
The name appears on OS Pathf. in Dura Den, Dura House, Dura Mains and Wester Dura.
/ˈdura/ or ‘ˈdurə/
This place-name appeared in printed volume 2