Kinninmonth CER SSL S NO424125 1 363 85m

tenur<a> de Kininemoneth 1147 x 1159 St A. Lib. 124 (1) [3 crofts beside the Kinness Burn in St Andrews, of the holding of Kinninmonth, granted to St Andrews Priory by Bishop Robert]
Kinninemoneth 1152 x 1156 St A. Lib. 125 (2) [rubric]
Kinninmuneth 1152 x 1156 St A. Lib. 125 (2) [Bishop Robert grants Kinninmonth with a toft in Kilrymont (Kilrimund) to St Andrews Priory]
Kinnimund 1153 x 1162 RRS i no. 167 [= St A. Lib. 199; a brieve of Malcolm IV ordering the return of fugitive serfs (fugitiuos) from Kinninmonth and all the prior’s lands to the prior of St Andrews]
Kinninmunet 1156 St A. Lib. 51 [one of the lands granted to St Andrews Priory by Bishop Robert, confirmed by Pope Adrian IV]
Kinninmunet 1156 x 1159 RRS i no. 120 [= St A. Lib. 200; royal confirmation of the grant to Matthew the archdeacon of Kinninmonth with a toft in Kilrymont, made by Bishop Robert and St Andrews Priory, so presumably after St A. Lib. 125 (2)]
Kinninmoneth 1160 RRS i no. 174 [with all the shire (cum tota schira)]
Kinnimoniht 1165 x 1169 RRS ii no. 28 [o.c.; ‘with all the shire’ (cum tota schyra)]
Kynninmon' 1189 x 1195 RRS ii no. 330 [= Barrow, 1971 no. 4; ‘Kynninmon’ ... cum tota syra de Kynninmonth’]
syra de Kynninmonth 1189 x 1195 RRS ii no. 330 [see preceding]
Kynninmonth c. 1196 x 1198 Barrow 1971, no. 7 [cum tota syra]
tota terra de Kynninmond 1196 c.1201 RRS ii no. 411 [= Barrow 1971 no. 8; ‘all the land of Kinninmonth’]
Adam de Kinigmund 1209 x 1228 Barrow 1971 no. 12 [o.c.; mentioned thus 4 times]
Kininmuneth c. 1220 Terrier [17/18th c. copy; ‘Kinninmonth where the hall is’ (Kininmuneth ubi aula est)]
Elya de Kyninemund 1263 x 1264 Barrow 1974 no. 7 [w.; Elias]
Elizeus de Kynninmonde 1435 St A. Cop. 112 [father of James of Kinninmond]
(James of) Kyninmond 1438 St A. Lib. 430 [of that ilk]
(lands of) Kynnynmonth 1523 RMS iv no. 141
kane of Kinnynmonth 1587 Assumption 11 [one of the cains (of 26 s. 8 d.) paid to St Andrews Priory]
the kane of Kynnynmonthe 1587 Assumption 19 [one of the cains (of 26 s. 8 d.) pertaining to the abbey (sic) of St Andrews, by the laird of Craighall CER]
(lands and barony of) Kininmonth 1635 RMS ix no. 315
(lands of) Kyninmonth 1608 Retours (Fife) no. 198
Keanimont 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Kinimont 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Kinionmont 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
Kinninsmount 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Kinninmount 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Kinninmonth 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also shows Kinninmonth Burn and Kinninmonth Hill]

G ceann + ? G fionn + G monadh or en *Finmonth

‘Head or end of the white hill, muir or rough grazing’ or ‘head or end of Finmonth’, an existing name with the same elements. There is also a Kinninmonth KGL (PNF 1).

    Kinninmonth and its shire were granted to St Andrews Priory by Bp Robert 1152 × 1156, then granted on by both parties to Matthew archdeacon of St Andrews (1156 × 1159, dated after 1156, as Kinninmonth is mentioned in the papal charter of that year as belonging to the Priory, with 1159 the year of Bp Robert’s death). It was later feued to Odo the steward by St Andrews Priory, which grant was given royal confirmation 1189 × 1195 (RRS ii no. 330).[41] The shire is defined in c.1197 as consisting of the three parts of Magask, Inchcalc #, Laddedie, Incherech # and (probably) Ballachton # (Barrow 1971 no. 7).

    In c.1220 the Terrier lists the lands held of St Andrews Priory by Adam son of Odo the steward, and taken together, this can probably be seen as a further definition of Kinninmonthshire. These are Kinninmonth itself, ‘where the hall (aula) is’, Baldinnie, *Pittendriech, two Magasks, Laddedie, and *Balmohob (possibly Balmakie # CER, SSL, q.v.).

    According to Martine, who was writing in the late seventeenth century (published 1797, 177, 181), Kinninmonthshire consisted of Baldinnie, Over and Nether Magask, Arnydie and Lambies (probably for Limelands). It is thus practically co-extensive with the barony of Kinninmonth, which is defined in 1635 as consisting of the lands of Kinninmonth, Baldinnie with its mill and pendicle called Arnydie, Laddedie and Limelands, Over and Nether Magask, and Balmakie Meadow (RMS ix no. 315). It was these lands which were transferred from St Andrews parish to CER in 1621 (APS iv p. 682; see also SSL Introduction, PNF 3).

    If Ballechodyn of Barrow 1971 nos. 7, 8 is indeed Ballachton CER, then Kinninmonthshire must have stretched further to the west in the twelfth century than did the lands of the barony as defined in the seventeenth century (see under Ballachton # CER and Callange CER, above, for more details).

    OS Pathf. also shows Kinninmonth Hill and Kinninmonth Burn.


This place-name appeared in printed volume 2