Innerleven

Innerleven WMS MAI S NO378003 1

(Thomas de) Inverleven 1388 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 16
(lands of) Inverleven 1388 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 16 [note mention of an island called Werdale lying in the middle of the River Leven (in medio aque de Lewyn iacente)]
manerium de Inuerlewyn 1390 Fraser, Wemyss ii no.18 [‘These things happened at Innerleven on the north side of the same, beside the royal road which goes from the mill to Kennoway’ (Acta fuerunt hec apud Inuerlewyn, ex parte boreali eiusdem, juxta viam regiam quo <sic> itur a molendino ad Kennoqwy)]
(lands of) Inuerlewyn 1392 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 20 [‘These things happened in the fields beside the manor of Innerleven at the 9th hour of the day’ (Acta fuerunt hec in campis iuxta manerium de Inuerlewyn hora nona diei)]
manerium de Inuerlewyn 1392 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 20
omnes terras nostras de Inuerlevyn 1395 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 23 [Charter by Robert Stewart earl of Fife to Sir John de Wemyss]
in terris nostris de Enerlevyn 1395 Fraser, Wemyss ii no.24 [Charter by George Earl of Dunbar to William and John, sons of late Robert of Innerleven (de Enerlevyn) the land called the Haugh (le Halgh) in the barony of Scoonie (Scuny), to be held of Earl George, with right to take fuel (focale) in ‘our’ (i.e. the earl’s) lands of Innerleven]
(Robert of) Enerlevyn 1395 10 Aug. Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 24
totas terras de Enerlewyn 1396 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 25 [Charter by George earl of Dunbar to Thomas Sibbald laird of Balgonie MAI (Balgovyny) of all the lands of Innerleven]
Inuerlevin 1423 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 35
Innerlewen 1603 Retours (Fife) no. 129 [Robert Lundy, in the lands of Innerlewen alias Cauldcottis in the barony of Methil (Methill)]
Innerlevin alias Caldcoattis 1662 Retours (Fife) no. 920
Methilltoune alias Ennerleiuen 1670 Fraser, Wemyss i p. 283 [weekly market held there]
Inverlevin 1753 Roy sheet 18, 1
Innerleven or Methilburgh or Dubbyside 1795 Sasines no. 4143
tenement in Inverleven or Methilburgh 1795 Sasines no. 4290
Innerleven 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn.

G inbhir + en Leven

‘Mouth of the River Leven’. The lands of Innerleven were the subject of a complex dispute in the years following 1388, involving the powerful local Wemyss family, the family who held Innerleven and took their title from it, Robert Stewart earl of Fife, George earl of Dunbar, the bishops of St Andrews and the Sibbalds of Balgonie MAI (Fraser, Wemyss ii nos. 16, 18, 20, 23–6, 35). In 1396 Thomas Sibbald laird of Balgonie is seised of all the lands of Innerleven (Enerlewyn) to be held of George earl of Dunbar, and he is to pay suit of court (i.e. he is to attend the local baronial court) three times a year at the place called *Threipinch (Threpehynch) (Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 25), for which see PNF 2 s.n. under Scoonie parish. However, later in the same year the Wemyss family are recorded as holding Innerleven (Inuerlevin) by grant of the earl of Fife (Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 26). Both the Sibbald and the Wemyss families continue to hold an interest in Innerleven. It is unclear to me whether each held different feudal interests in the same piece of land, known as Innerleven, or whether the land referred to as Innerleven was physically divided. Apart from the profusion of aliases for Innerleven (*Cauldcotts, Dubbyside # and, later, Methilburgh #),[233] there is none of the usual signs of division, such as directional affixes (such as easter or wester), affixes relating to size (such as meikle or little), or position (such as over or nether).

Fraser states that the lands of Innerleven or Caldcoats (for which see *Cauldcotts WMS) also known as Dubbyside were in the possession of the Sibbalds, from whom they were carried by marriage to that of Lundy of Balgonie (holders of *Cauldcotts when the lands are first recorded as such in 1520, Fife Ct. Bk. 193–4). The superiority (within the regality of St Andrews) belonged to Andrew Dunbar of Kilconquhar, and from him Sir John of Wemyss purchased his rights in 1554 (Wemyss i p. 143, ii no. 208).

Some incidental local detail in the charters generated by the late fourteenth-century dispute, such as an island in the Leven called Werdale, and a king’s road to Kennoway at the north end of Innerleven, can be found in the early forms above beside the years 1388, 1390 and 1392.

The NGR given above refers to the north end of the extended settlement of Innerleven, where it lies alongside the mouth of the River Leven.

/ˈɪnər ˈlivən/ or /ˌɪnərˈlivən/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1