Saline

Saline SLN PS NT023925 1 384 115m

(church of) Sawling 1236 x 1249 Myln, Vitae, 10 [16th c.; see SLN Introduction]
(kirkland of) Sauelyn c.1335 Dunf. Reg. no. 333 [See SLN Introduction]
(lands of) Sawlyn 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 611 A [16th c. index; see next entry]
(lands of) Sawlin 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 611 B [17th c. index; charter of Donald earl of Marr of the lands of Saline in the sheriffdom of Clackmannan (Clackmannan)]
(barony of) Sawline 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1915 B [17th c. index; confirmation by Isabell Douglas countess of Marr to Alexander Halyburtoun of the barony of Saline in the sheriffdom of Fife (Fyffe)]
(vicar of) Saulyne 1430 CSSR iii, p. 142
(vicar of) Sauline 1430 CSSR iii, p. 150
(vicar of) Sauly 1431 CSSR iii, p. 197
in baronia de Sauling 1464 RMS ii no. 793
the twa Savlingis 1466 Fraser, Colquhoun ii no. 27 [Resignation by John Haliburton in favour of John Colquhoun of Luss of that ilk of ‘the landis of the twa Savlingis, that is to say Blak Savling and Litil Savling’]
(lands and barony of) Sauling 1482 RMS ii no. 1507 [David Haliburton sells to John Livingston (Levingtoun) the lands and barony of Saline except for the mansion of Black Saline (Blacsauling)]
Sawling 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 12 [Sawling and Blaksawling]
Westir Sawling 1531 RMS iii no. 1006
(mill and mill-lands of) Saulyne 1542 RMS iii no. 2542
Salins-hall 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [a miscopying of Gordon MS Fife Salinsha, for which see Saline Shaw]
Salin kirk 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Sauling 1671 Retours (Fife) no. 1104 [Steelend (Steilend) in the parish of Sauling]
Salin 1743 Roy sheet 17, 5 [also shows Salin hill]
Saline 1775 Ainslie/Fife

G sabhal + ? – ìn

? ‘Little barn’. The ending is unlikely to be the common locational suffix –in, as this very rarely survives beyond c.1300, being reduced to –ie etc. thereafter. It is more likely to represent a diminutive –ìn, with the meaning ‘little barn’. Given its early connections with the Scottish Crown (see SLN Introduction), it is probable that the eponymous barn was a place of collection and storage for local tribute due to the king.

The site of the medieval kirk of Saline is on the north side of the Saline Burn at the above NGR, where there is still a well maintained cemetery. It is marked as Kirk on Ainslie/Fife (1775), and was still on this site in the 1790s, when the minister writes that it was in a bad state and ‘probably must be soon rebuilt’. When it was rebuilt, in 1810 (Gifford 408), it was re-sited to its present position on the south side of the burn, in what is described in the 1790s as ‘the new town’, the ‘old town’ lying on the north side (OSA, 758).

The name is wide-spread in the parish, appearing in OS Pathf. Little Saline, Lower Saline Wood, Saline Burn, Saline Hill, Saline Reservoir, Saline Shaw, West Saline and West Saline Cottage. It also occurs in *Black Saline.

/ˈsalɪn/, locally /sɔln/ or /ˈsɔlən/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1