Cartmore

Cartmore ADN BGY S NT178943 2 110m

Wester Gartmore 1393 Pitfirrane Writs no. 8 [marches between Wester Cartmore and Lumphinnans]
(half the lands of) Cartmor 1458 RMS ii no. 638 [to David Boswell of Balmuto, so representing Easter Cartmore]
Cartmore 1531 RMS iii no. 980
Cartmore 1616 RMS vii no. 1405 [part of the lands of Wester Lochoreshire, so representing Wester Cartmore; see BGY Introduction]
Kirkmoir 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Kirkmor 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Carne moore 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Carthiemore 1656 RMS x no. 556 [part of the lands and barony of Inchgall, so representing Wester Cartmore]
Kirkmore 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
East Kirkmore 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
W. Kirkmoor 1775 Ainslie/Fife [in BGY]
E. Kirkmoor 1775 Ainslie/Fife [in ADN]
Cartinmore 1786 Sasines no. 1389
Wt. Cartmoor 1828 SGF [in BGY]
Et. Cartmoor 1828 SGF [in ADN]

? + G mòr

‘Big ?’. The first element of this name is very problematical. The earliest form would suggest G gart ‘farm, enclosure’, a common element from Clackmannanshire westwards through the central belt, especially in Lanarkshire, but otherwise unknown in Fife. I would argue that the initial consonant of this place-name is c not g not only on the grounds of the rarity of gart- in Fife, but also on the otherwise consistent use of initial c/k in all other forms, underlined by the fact that by the seventeenth century it was sometimes being assimilated to Sc kirk. It is best therefore to regard the 1393 form Gartmore as a scribal error, perhaps made by someone familiar with the above-mentioned areas where Gart-names abound. This leaves the problem as to what the first element might be, and I can offer no convincing suggestion.

The lands of Wester Cartmore lay in the barony of Wester Lochoreshire or Inchgall, while those of Easter Cartmore lay in that of Easter Lochoreshire. This explains why the former is in BGY, the latter in ADN. On OS 6 inch (1856) Easter and Wester Cartmore are shown on either side of the parish boundary. On OS 1 inch 2nd edn. (1899) only Easter Cartmore is named, while on OS 1 inch 7th series only Cartmore is named, where OS Pathf. shows Wester Cartmore. All in all, a difficult place!

/kart mor/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1