Carden

Carden ADN KGH S NT226937 2 100m

forestum de Cardenni 1165 x 1172 NAS GD 212/15 p. 42 [19th-c. copy; the (royal) forest of Cardenni (or Cardenin or Cardeuin). See ADN Introduction]
de officio forestaree de Cardenane 1329 x 1371 RMS i app. 2 no. 1120 A [16th c. index; for Cardeuane? Anent the office of forester of Carden to Adam de Spensa]
(keeping of the forest and moor of) Cardenenie 1329 x 1371 RMS i app. 2 no. 1120 B [17th c. index; for Cardeuenie? In barony and constabulary of Kinghorn]
(John Martyne of) Cardwane 1466 Dunf. Reg.no. 458
(lands of) Cardwane 1483 RMS ii no. 1556 [to Henry Mertyne, in constabulary of Kinghorn]
(Henry Mertyn of) Cardvane 1506 Dunf. Reg. no. 501
(John Martyne of) Cardwane 1516 Fife Crt. Book 34
(lands of) Cardone 1623 RMS viii no. 623 [in parish of Kinghorn (Eister Kinghorne); see ADN Introduction]
lie Maynes de Cardone 1623 RMS viii no. 623 [in lands of Carden]
Cardon 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife & East Fife
Cardan 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [also Cardanmill]
(lands and barony of) Cardone 1659 RMS xi no. 80
Castle of Karden 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Cott of Carden 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Karden Craig 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Mill of Cardon 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Cardon Coals 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Old Cardon 1775 Ainslie/Fife

It is usually assumed that this represents the Pictish or G loan-word from Pictish *carden (Watson 1926, 353; Jackson 1955, 150; Nicolaisen 2001, 204).[53] However, forms such as Cardwane, Cardvane call this into question, and suggest different readings for the earliest forms, as given above. An alternative interpretation might be the Pictish or G loan-word from Pictish *cair ‘fort’ + a specific element *deuan or the like. If this is the case, then there may have been a change in the stress from second to first syllable. The element *cair is found as a simplex in the nearby name Keir ADN, KGH.

For some possible early forms not recorded above, see Cowerrie # KGH.

The twelfth-century document describing Carden as royal forest (open hunting area, not necessarily wooded) is discussed in full in ADN Introduction, where a detailed definition of these lands is also given.

The above NGR is for Carden Tower, in Carden Den, called Old Cardon on Ainslie/Fife (1775). OS Pathf. New Carden NT228954 is called Carden Farm on SGF (1828). Carden has also given its name to Carden Mill (Ainslie/Fife), Cardenbarns and Cardenden q.v.

/ˈkardən/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1