Raith

Raith KDT AAX, KXY S NT253918 1 130m

(John Melville lord of) the Rath 1427 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 40 [in this same charter Little Raith ADN is referred to as Rath in the lordship of Westir Rath, and also as Westir Rath.]
(lands of) Raith 1474 Dunf. Reg. no. 477 [rubric]
(William Melville of) Rath 1474 Dunf. Reg. no. 477
(lands of) Rath 1474 Dunf. Reg. no. 477 [see Pitconmark above for details]
(William Melville of) the Raith 1487 Fraser, Wemyss ii no. 72
Raitht 1535 Dunf. Reg. Ct. Bk. 125
(John Melville of) Raith 1537 Dunf. Reg. no. 530
Raitht 1537 Dunf. Reg. no. 530
Raithtoun 1548 Dunf. Reg. no. 566 [to John Betoun son and heir of Archibald Betoun of Capeldrae BGY (Capildra)]
(lands of) Raitht 1549 Dunf. Reg. no. 568 [to David Hamilton on forfeiture of Henry Melville of Raith (Raitht)]
Raith 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Raith 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Raithe 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5 [also shows Cott town of Raithe]
Raith 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Raith 1828 SGF

G ràth

‘Fort or fortified residence’. This appears to have been at one time a large territorial unit which stretched from Raith in Kirkcaldy to Little Raith ADN on the southern shore of Loch Gelly 5 km to the west. For a full discussion of this, see ADN Introduction above.

The NGR given above is for Raith Home Farm. Raith Tower (NT249919) is a modern folly on Cormie Hill, not the centre of the estate. However, the fine Raith Estate Plan of 1757 (RHP1710) describes this hill as ‘a conspicuous place – an old Intrenchment’. This suggests that trenches and embankments were visible at this time, which might well be the remains of the eponymous r?th. So far no other candidate for a r?th at either Raith KDT or Little Raith ADN has been identified.

For another possible r?th-site in the vicinity, see Raith Hill ATL.

Other OS Pathf. names containing Raith are Raith House (NT256917), Raith Park to the south of Raith House, and Raith Kennels (NT2259921).

/reθ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1