Rosyth

Rosyth DFL RHX PS NT085828 1 5m

Rossiue 1162 x 1164 RRS i no. 256 [o.c.; king grants in fee and heritance to Ralph Frebern Rosyth and Dunduff DFL + Masterton by Newbattle MLO for one knight’s service]
ecclesiam de Rossive 1162 x 1169 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 1 [15th c. copy]
ecclesiam de Rossive 1179 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 2 [15th c. copy]
villa de Rossive 1179 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 2 [15th c. copy]
(Robert of) Rossive 1233 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 15 [15th c. copy]
(Robert of) Rossiue c.1240 Dunf. Reg. no. 176
ecclesia de Rossive 1250 x 1272 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 22 [15th c. copy; the church of Rosyth (Rossive) with the chapel of Logie (Logyn) DFL, RHX, confirmed to Inchcolm Abbey by Richard bishop of Dunkeld 1250 x 1272]
(Robert of) Rossithe 1270 CDS v no. 27
Robertum dominum de Rossiue 1274 British Library Add. Ch. 76751 [o.c.]
(harbour at) Westir Rossith 1364 Dunf. Reg. no. 391
(parish church of) Rossyfe 1430 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 49
(David Stewart of) Rossith 1437 Dunf. Reg. no. 407
(Henry Stewart of) Rossyth 1528 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 55
Rossitht 1532 Dunf. Reg. Ct. Bk. 46
(Henry Stewart of) Rossytht 1538 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 58
baronia de Ressithe 1542 RMS iii no. 2639
Rosyth 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
W. Rosyth 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife
Rasyth C. 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [i.e. Rosyth Castle]
L. Rasyth 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [i.e. Little Rosyth]
Rasyth K. ? Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [i.e. Rosyth Kirk]
Rosyth 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Littlerosyth 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Mickle Rosyth 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Rosyth F<ar>m 1828 SGF [also Rosyth Castle in Ruins]

G ros + en Fife

‘Headland of Fife’. The second element is in G Fìobha, earlier Fíb (pronounced /ù/, making an approximate rhyme with English ‘leave’). The earliest forms probably show the gen. ending (Fíbe or Fíba) ‘of Fife’. The loss of specific-initial f is most easily explained as resulting from the reduction of the cluster -sf- to -s-. The ros of the name most probably refers to the neighbouring headland of North Queensferry. This means that the province which in the early middle ages was called Fothrif, and which included all of west Fife as far as the mouth of the River Leven, must have also been known as ‘Fife’.

For a definition of the lands of the barony of Rosyth in 1754, see DFL, RHX Introduction above.

Since the early twentieth century Rosyth applies to the Admiralty town about 1.5 km to the north-east, with a central point around NT118837. The above NGR is of the ruins of the medieval parish kirk of Rosyth, on the coast a little over 2 km west of Rosyth Castle (NT108821), itself originally also on the coast but now engulfed by Rosyth Dockyard.

/rɔˈsaiθ/ or /rəˈsaiθ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1