Pitfirrane

Pitfirrane DFL S NT063861 1 394 35m

(third part of) Petfuren 1230 x 1240 Pitfirrane Writs no. 4 [‘Charter by Margaret, wife of the late Michael Scott, with consent of Duncan, her heir, to John, her son, of the two Mutthulies and Capeth and third part of Petfuren. Witnesses, Philip of Louchor, Duncan, son of the granter, Constantine, the son of Philip, &c. Also without date [but circa 1230-40].’]
(third part of) Petfuren 1240 x 1250 Pitfirrane Writs no. 2 [‘Charter by Constantine, the son of Philip of Louchor, to Hugh, his brother, of the third part of his lands of Petfuren, being that third part of the lands of Petfuren which he holds of the King. Witnesses, Sir David of Louchor, Philip of Louchor, John, rector of the church of Louchor, Adam of Lumfilan, &c. No date [but circa 1245].’]
Petfuren 1260 x 1270 Pitfirrane Writs no. 3 [‘Charter by Constantine, the son of Constantine, son of Philip of Louchor, to Hugh of Louchor, his uncle(avunculo)of the third part of Petfuren, which the said Constantine, his father, had given him and which he held of the King, and a third part of the lands of Petsconhy <? = Pitdinnie CNK, DFL> which in like manner the said deceased Constantine had bestowed on said Hugh, and which he held of the Earl of Fife. No date [but circa 1260-70]’.]
Pethfuren 1361 Dunf. Reg. no. 389 [rubric]
totam terram meam de Pethfuran’ 1361 Dunf. Reg. no. 389 [Inspeximus by David II; ‘all my land of Pitfirrane’ granted to Dunfermline Abbey by Margaret de Onyoth widow of Robert de Meygners]
(third part of) Pethfuren c.1400 Pitfirrane Writs no. 5 [Charter William Scot, lord of Balwerj', with consent of his heir to Philip Hacat, his beloved cousin, of the 2 Muthulies and Capeth, and third part of Pethfuren; also without date [but circa 1400].- (These two charters except the lands of Kardenay which had been disponed to Walter Cumyn, Earl of Menteth.)’]
Pitfuran 1425 Pitfirrane Writs no. 16
Petfurane 1437 Dunf. Reg. no. 406 [perambulation in Scots; see below]
Petfuran 1500 Dunf. Gild Ct. Bk. 44
Petfirran 1507 Dunf. Gild Ct. Bk. 48
Pitfirrane 1529 RMS iii no. 760
Pitfirren 1531 Dunf. Reg. Ct. Bk. 41
Pitfyrran 1532 Dunf. Reg. Ct. Bk. 45
Pitfyrrane 1532 Dunf. Reg. Ct. Bk. 57 [John Halket of Pitfirrane (Jhone Hakat of Pitfyrrane)]
Pitfirrane 1535 Pitfirrane Writs no. 86
Pittfirren 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Pitfirren 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Pitfirren 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Pitferren 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Pitferren 1776 Taylor and Skinner
Pitfirran 1828 SGF
Pitferrane 1853 x 1856 OS Name Book 130, 13 [variant spelling]

G pett + G pòr + diminutive ending

‘Estate of a small crop-land’. The specific pòr (gen. pùir) ‘crop-land’ shows regular lenition after f. pett. The -en/-an(e) endings represent the OIr diminutive ending –éne or -án, seen also in Purin FAL (1450 Pourane RMS ii no. 402), for which see PNF 2 s.n. As with many other old estates around Dunfermline, the lands of Pitfirrane were divided, as Dunf. Reg. no. 406 shows (1437). This is a detailed record in Scots of a decision delivered by judges regarding the exact division of arable lands of Pitfirrane between David Halketon the one hand and DunfermlineAbbey on the other. It contains much local detail, including the mention of a herb garden (herber hill), local runrig, and the earliest reference to Keavil DFL. In the following transcription, modern capitalisation and punctuation have been applied.

Contractus inter abbatem et conuentum monasterij de Dunfermlyn et Dauid Haket de perambulacione terrarum de Petfurane

This is the decret gevyn & deliuerit at Dunfermlyn the last day of the moneth of Julij the yher of our lord a thousand four hundreth thretti & sevyn be vs Robert of Leuenston of Drumry, Joh’n of Cokburn of Torry knychtis, Jamis P<ar>cle of that ilke, Willyhame of Glen and Willyhame of Walwod Juggis compositouris of the debaitis & controuers<s> mouit betwix a venerabill fadir in Crist Androw be the grace of god Abbot of Dunfermlyn and the conuent of that ilke on a p<ar>t, and Daui Hacet of Lu<m>fennen on the tothir part belangand the landis of Petfuran wt p<er>tinens. In the fyrst be cause we fand that the oxgang of land of the chemis[142] p<er>tenand to the said Abbot & conuent wes lese na the westir oxgang of land & chemis of the said Dauid, and for the thrid part of the Ward be north haulf that ilke chemis, we haue deliuerit to the said Abbot & conuent als mekil land liand on the south half thar oxgang, safand a gate liang [sic] betuix, of fourty fute brede, the qwhilk land to tham deliuerit is of quantite tua acris thre rudis & fyften fall’ in the hale. Alsua we decret & ordanis that the gate liand betuix the said Dauidis orchard & his westir oxgang extendand fra the chemys of the said Abbot & conuent to the gate liand be north the herber[143] hill be commoun to baith the partis & that it be thretti fut brad saufand the yhate betuix the bern & the biir of the said Dauid, the qwhilk sal remain of the samyn quantite that it is now of the qwhilk thretti fute thar sel be ten fute of the rynryg of the Abbot & the conuentis & tuenti fute of the rynrig of the said Dauid f<r>a it pas the bern & the biir northwardis to the gate extendand to the herber hill. Allsua the land liand betuix the estir oxgang & the orchard of the said Dauid & the march of Cauil comon to bath the partis. Alsua bath the partis sel kepe lauchful stent & noth excede. Alsua that gife ony rynryg be les than it aucht to be it sel be amendit at the sicht of men of knawlage. And thai sel kepe the wateris lauchfully vnskathand vthir. Alsua nan sell pind vthir vnlauchfully. In witnes of this decret & deliuerans the sell’ of the said Robert of Leuenston, Joh’n of Cokburn, knychtis, Jamis of P<ar>cle & the comon sell of the chepter of /p. 286/ Dunfermlyn & the sell of the said Dauid Haket interchangeabili ar to put dai and plas be for said.

The following is a rough translation, which is still to be refined (July 2014).

‘A contract between the abbot and convent of the monastery of Dunfermline and David Halket anent a perambulation of the lands of Pitfirrane.

This is the judgment given and delivered at Dunfermline 31 July 1437 by us Robert of Livingston of Drumry, John of Cockburn of Torry TOB, knights, James Parkly of that ilk,[144] William of Glen and William of Wellwood[145] judges (and) settlers of the disputes and controversies arisen between a venerable father in Christ Andrew by the grace of God abbot of Dunfermline and the convent of that ilk on one side, and David Halket of Lumphinnens BGY on the other concerning the lands of Pitfirrane with their pertinents. In the first instance, because we found that the oxgang of land of the chief dwelling belonging to the said abbot and convent was less than the wester oxgang of land and chief dwelling of the said David, and for the third of the ward [enclosed land] on the north side of that same chief dwelling, we have delivered to the said abbot and convent as much land lying on the south side of their oxgang, except for an intervening road, 40 feet wide, which land delivered to them amounts to two acres, three rudes and fifteen falls in total. Also we decree and ordain that the road lying between the said David’s orchard and his wester oxgang, stretching from the chief dwelling of the said abbot and convent to the road lying to the north of the herb-garden hill/Herber Hill, be common to both parties, and that it be 30 feet wide, except for the road between the said David’s barn and byre, which shall remain of the same extent that it is now, of which 30 feet, 10 feet shall be the runrig of the abbot and convent, and 20 feet shall be of the runrig of the said David, from where it passes the barn and the byre, northwards to the road stretching to the herb-garden hill/Herber Hill. Also the land lying between the easter oxgang and the orchard of the said David and the march of Keavil [shall be] common to both the parties. Also both the parties shall keep within the lawful extent (of the land) and nought exceed. Also that if any runrig be less than it ought to be, it shall be altered through the inspection of men of knowledge. And they shall keep the waters lawfully, without causing mutual harm. Also none shall poind the other unlawfully. In witness of this judgment and deliberation the seal of the said Robert of Livingston, John of Cockburn, knights, James of Parkly and the common seal of the chapter of Dunfermline, and the seal of the said David Halket are to be reciprocally attached, on the day and at the place aforesaid.

/pɪtˈfɪrən/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1