Petcarlingis c 1300 Robertson, Index 72, 29
terris de Pekerlyngi 1362 RMS i no. 125 [presumably for *Petkerlyngi; in barony of Ballinbreich within sheriffdom of Fife (Fiffi); granted by the late Alexander of Abernethy to Sir John Murray of Tullibardine]
Petcarlingis 1362 RMS i app. 2 no. 1432
Pit<c>arle 1513 RSS i no. 2501 [printed Pittarle]
Pitcerlie Eistir & Westir 1542 RMS iii no. 2810 [in barony of Ballinbreich]
Pitcalres Eister et Wester 1642 Retours (Fife) no. 618
E<aster> Pitcarley 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [the western part not shown]
Pittcarly 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Johann<es> Baybe de Pittcairlie 1681 Retours (Fife) no. 1197
Eister et Wester Pitcairlies 1681 Retours (Fife) no. 1197
the house of Pitcarlie 1722 Geog. Coll. i, 305
Pitcairly 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘Jas Cathcart Esqr.’; with extent of enclosed lands]
W. Pitcairly 1775 Ainslie/Fife [a small settlement south-west of Pitcairly, lying within Pitcairly lands as shown]
Pitcairly Easter 1781 Sasines no. 99 [‘comprehend. Knockmurdo, Boghall ...’]
Pitcairly Easter 1811 Sasines no. 9105 [as ibid. no. 99 + ‘lands of Bainshod’]
Pitcairly House 1856 OS 6 inch 1st edn [also Pitcairly Burn to east of the house, forming NBH/ABE boundary]
G pett + ?
The second element is obscure, although it may consist of a compound noun containing Pictish or Gaelic *cair ‘fort’ (see PNF 5, Elements Glossary, s.v.). The fourteenth-century forms perhaps show assimilation to Sc carling ‘old woman’. Compare also Pitcarles, Arbuthnott KCD (Petcarlis 1512 RMS ii no. 3728). OS Pathf. names only Pitcairlie Farm (at the above NGR) and Pitcairlie Burn, an extension of the Bow Burn (q.v. Section 1, above).
The NGR given above is for Pitcairlie Tower, an eighteenth-century building containing a sixteenth-century core (NMRS NO21SW 20; Gifford 1988, 341). OS Pathf. Pitcairlie Farm stands some 300 m to the south-west of the tower.
Note also OS Pathf. Pitcairlie Hill ANY PER, at NO211160, c.3 km north-west of Pitcairlie, separated from the lands of Pitcairlie by the lands of Colzie ANY and Lumbennie NBH, ABE. It appears on OS 6 inch 1st edn (1866 PER & CLA Sheet CXI) as Pitcairly Hill, with Pitcairly Wood on its northern slopes. Such marked separation between lands and hill-grazing, especially in this upland area (with both the farm and the hill in the Ochils) is unusual. Both the Hill and the Wood are contiguous with the lands of Greenside ANY, which was formerly Pitgrunzie, and it is possible that they were originally *Pitgrunzie Hill and *Pitgrunzie Wood respectively, and were mistakenly recorded by the Ordnance Survey. However, since hill names constructed with farm-names usually signify some kind of right of use and access, this explanation is perhaps unlikely.
This place-name appeared in printed volume 4