Cruivie

Cruivie LOG S NO404223 1 352 40m

    totam villam de Magna Croyn 1274 Fraser Southesk ii no. 29 [for Croyin or Croyu/v?; see below]
    Wester Cruvy 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1734 [John Wemyss]
    Cruwe 1452 Fraser, Wemyss iii, xxi [John Kinloch (Kynlouche) of Cruivie]
    Westir Cruvy 1466 RMS ii no. 882 [‘terras de Logymuirtho et Westir-Cruvy’]
    Westircruvy 1476 RMS ii no. 1245 [Wemyss of Rires in Leuchars-Wemyss]
    Westircruvy 1477 RMS ii no. 1303 [Wemyss of Rires]
    Jacobo Sandelandis domino de Crowye 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 8 [‘laird’]
    Ale ander Skougall of Crovy 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 34
    James Sandelandis of Crowy 1517 Fife Ct. Bk. 68
    tennent of Westir Crovye 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 150 [Alexander Scougal (Skougale), Alexander Wemyss of Cairnie (Carnye)’s tenant of Wester Cruivie]
    tenent of Crovy 1519 Fife Ct. Bk. 151 [Alexander Scougal (Skougall)]
    terris de Westircrowy 1522 Fife Ct. Bk. 237 [Andrew Wemyss of Cairnie KLM/MNZ died seised of Wester Cruivie and Brighouse et al.]
    (half lands and barony of) Cruvy 1540 RMS iii no. 2114 [see pp. 486–7, above]
    terris de Waster Cruvy 1548 Retours (Fife) no. 15 [see Myrecairnie KLM]
    landis and tovne of Ester Crowy 1555 Balm. Lib.  App. no. vii [assedation of teind-sheaves of Easter Cruivie to Henry Ramsay et al. for 19 years]
    (half lands and barony of) Cruvye 1567 Retours (Fife) no. 63 [Leuchars-Ramsay]
    (teinds of) Estir Crovy 1574 Balm. Lib. App. no. viii [rubric]
    town and landis of Estir Cruvy 1574 Balm. Lib. App. no. viii [LOG]
    Eister Crevy 1612 Balm. Lib. App. no. xi [LOG]
    E. Cruvy 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    W. Cruvy 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    E. Crovy 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    W. Crovy 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Cruvie 1658 Retours (Fife) no. 882 [James earl of Southesk, ‘the lands of Cruvie and fishing upon the watter of Mottrie (Motray) with commontie of Lucklaw-hill and Liliesmure’, in barony of Leuchars-Ramsay]
    Krouvie 1684 Adair/East Fife
    terris de Cruvie 1700 Retours (Fife) no. 1440 [see Lucklaw Hill LOG]
    Cruvie Cast<le> 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘in ruins’]
    W. Cruvie 1775 Ainslie/Fife
    W<ester> Cruivie 1828 SGF [now OS Pathf. Cruivie]

? G crobh + – in

‘Place of the hand- or paw-shaped land’? Whatever the element involved, it would appear to be shared with Pitcruvie LAR (PNF 2). W. J. Watson initially  interprets Pitcruvie as containing G craobh ‘tree’ (1926, 412). However, in a later note he suggests that Pitcruive (sic, for Pitcruvie) may contain cruibh, the gen. sing. of crobh ‘hand, paw’ (ibid. 521), and compares it to Dalcruive or Dalcrue, Methven PER (Dalcrufe 1557 RMS), which he would similarly interpret, with reference to the shape of a topographical feature (ibid. 418).[303] As argued under Pitcruvie LAR (PNF 2), craobh ‘tree’ is generally realised as crieff or creiff in Scots, and so a derivation from crobh is much more likely. The ‘hand-shaped land’ is a very appropriate description of the broad hollow immediately south-east of Cruivie Castle (South Straiton farm).

    The earliest reference to Cruivie is 1274, when Elena la Zouche (Zuche) feued to John of Kinloch all the vill of Meikle Cruivie, which William Strangessone had held of her, and which he had resigned in February of that year. Elena was the daughter of Roger de Quincy, the feudal superior of much of north-east Fife, and it was he who had feued the land to William Strangessone (Fraser, Southesk ii no. 29).[304] For the identification of Croyn with Cruivie, see ibid. i, lviii, note.

    Cruivie Castle (remains of) is beside the farm of South Straiton at NO418229. The Straitons q.v. must originally have comprised the lands of Easter Cruivie, while OS Pathf. Cruivie represents earlier Wester Cruivie, as on SGF (1828).

/ˈkruvɪ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4