Cullaloe

Cullaloe ABO S NT189885 1 394 145m SEF

Cullelaw 1277 Inchcolm Chrs. no. 30 [in possession of Thomas de St Philbert, nephew of Richard Siward (lord of Aberdour)]
Culhelauch 1325 x 1329 RMS i app. 2, no. 104 A [16th c. index]
Kulzelauche 1325 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 104 B [17th c. index; these two RMS entries refer to Dunf. Reg. no. 357]
Cullelouch’ 1325 x 1329 Dunf. Reg. no. 357 [in the barony of Aberdour]
Cullylauch’ 1325 x 1329 Dunf. Reg. no. 357 [in the barony of Aberdour]
Culhelach 1326 Morton Reg. ii no. 34 [in the barony of Aberdour]
Culilow 1574 Inchcolm Chrs. p. 219
Collallow 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Colellow hills 1642 Gordon MS Fife
Collelow 1654 Blaeu (Pont) West Fife [also Collelow hills]
Collalow 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
Calalla c.1750 RHP1022
North Calady 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
S. Calady 1753 Roy sheet 17, 5
Nether Calala 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Upper Calala 1775 Ainslie/Fife
Cullelo c.1825 RHP14332
Killallo 1832 RHP14339
Callela 1837 Aberdour Map/1837

G cùil + ? G ail-each

‘Corner (cùil) abounding in stones’; or perhaps G cùl ‘back’, thus ‘back of the place of stones’, although the fourteenth-century form Kulzelauche suggests a palatalised l more likely to derive from cùil than from cùl with its unpalatalised or dark l. The second element probably derives from G ail ‘rock, rocky cliff, stone’, with a locational or adjectival extension –ach meaning ‘place of stones’ or ‘abounding in stones’. The consistent use of e to represent original a in early forms may be connected with the fluctuation between e and a before palatalised consonants noted in OIr by Thurneysen (1946, 54).

In the eighteenth century several large quarries were opened up on the lands of Cullaloe to extract high-quality sandstone.[32] This interpretation of the name suggests that Cullaloe may have already been an important source of stone in the G-speaking period.

An alternative, though ultimately less convincing, suggestion for the second element is that it derives from G eal-ach, containing G eala, older ela ‘swan’, meaning ‘abounding in swans’ or ‘place of swans’. The place of the swans would be the site of Cullaloe Loch, beside Cullaloe Reservoir, which latter was drained in the 1970s. Although the loch is artificial (it does not appear on early nineteenth-century maps of the area), it would always have been very boggy, and often flooded in the winter. This wetland will have formed part of the southern boundary of the lands of Cullaloe.

The detailed plan of Cullaloe executed by James Flint for James Stuart Esq. perhaps around 1825, shows several interesting names, such as East and West Gallowbank (on Cullaloe’s northern edge, beside the old route north from Burntisland), Upper and Under Goulsmuir in its southernmost corner, and East and West Taskerlands north of Goulsmuir. It also shows now obsolete G names attached to tops of the Cullaloe Hills on the farm’s north-west march viz Craigmawie and Drumfortha (RHP14332), which might contain ‘Fothrif’?

/kʌˈlalo/ or /kʌˈlɔlo/ or older /kʌˈlʌlʌ/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 1