Leuchars

Leuchars LEU PS NO455214 352 20m

    Philippo capellano de Lowhcres 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 255 [w. grant by Ness of the church of Lathrisk (Losresc) KTT to St Andrews Priory]
    Gwarino de Loheres 1173 x 1178 St A. Lib. 255 [w.; Warren of Leuchars]
    ecclesiam de Lochres 1183 x 1187 St A. Lib. 287 [granted with Pitlethie LEU and two Pitlunies # LEU to St Andrews Priory; see LEU Intro.]
    Warino de Lochres 1183 x 1187 St A. Lib. 287 [w.; Warren of Leuchars]
    Stephano persona de Lochres 1183 x 1187 St A. Lib. 287 [w.]
    ecclesiam de Lochres 1187 St A. Lib. 63 [following the church of Lathrisk (Losresch) KTT in the general papal confirmation to St Andrews Priory]
    in plena curia mea apud Locres c.1210 Camb. Reg. no. 73 [16th c. copy; Earl Saher de Quincy grants Abbotsdeuglie (Duglyn), Arngask PER to Cambuskenneth Abbey on its resignation to Saher (as feudal superior) by Duncan son of Hamelin and Adam his heir at Saher’s ‘full court at Leuchars’][287]
    ecclesiam de Locres 1205 St A. Lib. 350 [see LEU Intro., Disputed Patronage]
    parochia de Lochres 1207 St A. Lib. 85
    apud Locres c.1207 C.A. Chrs. i no. 18
    Locres 1208 CDS i no. 452 [the English king (John) has given leave to Saher (de Quincy) earl of Winchester to bring a ship from Leuchars]
    (patronage of church of) Lochris 1210 RRS ii no. 491 [dispute between St Andrews Priory and Saher de Quincy; see LEU Intro., Disputed Patronage]
    ecclesia de Locres 1244 MS Paris BN Latin 1218 [episcopal consecration]
    (Symon de Noysiac parson of) Locres 1235 x 1260 SHR ii p. 174 (no. 4)]
    (Elyas Sweyn constable of) Locres 1235 x 1260 Swinton 1905, 174 (no. 4)[288]
    domino Willelmo capellano de Lokris 1243 x 1260 Balm. Lib. no. 12 [w.]
    Petro clerico constabulario de Lokris 1243 x 1260 Balm. Lib. no. 13 [w., ‘Peter the Clerk, the constable of Leuchars’]
    ecclesia de Lochris 1250 x 1259 St A. Lib. 34 [‘cum capella’; 120 merks]
    (Peter Basset, constable of) Lokris 1255 x 1264 Fraser, Southesk ii no. 24 [fuller version of Balm. Lib. no. 38]
    Vicarius de Loghros 1275 Bagimond’s Roll p. 39
    in tenemento de Louccres 1279 x 1289 St A. Lib. 398 [see Balbeuchly # LEU]
    Loccris 1279 x 1289 St A. Lib. 398
    castrum de Locres 1292 x 1296 Brevis Descriptio, 33 [‘castle’]
    ecclesia de Lochris 1295 NLS Adv. MS 15.1.18 no. 8
    Lokeris 1296 CDS ii no. 824 [Oliver la Zouche (Zuche) does a third of a knight’s service for various lands in Fife, and for the land of Leuchars]
    (castle of) Locris c.1300 NAS Cal. of Chrs. vol. i no. 69 [de Ferrars laird of Leuchars; see Craigie LEU]
    Lucheris 1306 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 488 B [17th c. index; to John Wemyss, barony of Leuchars, with various thirds; see LEU Intro., Lordship and Baronies]
    tertia parte terrarum de Locheris 1306 x 1329 RMS i app. 2 no. 497 A [16th c. index; to Thomas Hay; see  LEU Intro., Lordship and Baronies, footnote 22]
    tertia parte terrarum de Lochris c.1359 RMS i app. 1 no. 131 [royal confirmation of grant of ‘a third of the lands of Leuchars’ made by late Thomas Hay to Hay’s daughter Janet Monypenny (Monipennie), wife of late John Monypenny; see also ibid. app. 2 no. 1307]
    baronia de Luchrys 1372 RMS i no. 447 [Robert earl of Fife etc, king’s son, to Robert Stewart of Shanbothy (Schanbothy) CLA, of the land of Garpit FPC and Craigie LEU, and a third of lands of Cowbakie, Fordel and Strathburn (all LEU), lying in ‘barony of Leuchars’]
    baronia de Locrys 1376 x 1380 Fraser, Southesk ii no. 40 [earl of Fife to Wm Ramsay of Colluthie, with castle; see LEU Intro., Lordship and Baronies]
    (Robert of) Locris 1395 CPL Benedict XIII of Avignon, 42 [canon of St Andrews, provided to a benefice without cure]
    (a third of barony of) Luicheris 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1734 B [17th c. index; to John (of) Wemyss; see LEU Intro., Lordship and Baronies]
    (a third of barony of) Lucheris 1390 x 1406 RMS i app. 2 no. 1742 B [17th c. index; John Wemyss (Weems); see LEU Intro. Lordship and Baronies]
    castro nostro in baronia de Luchrys 1398 x 1407 RMS i no. 886 [Robert duke of Albany and earl of Fife to John Ramsay of Colluthie MNZ ‘our castle in the barony of Leuchars’, with lands pertaining to it; see Moat Hill CUP, above]
    (Robert of) Luchrys 1409 Calendar of Papal Letters to Scotland ii, 215 [former prior of May, on whose death William Nory is provided to the office]
    Luchris 1420 CSSR i, p. 222 [Michael of Balconie (Balcongy) LEU, perpetual vicar of the parish church]
    Lluthzeriz 1441 CSSR iv no. 752 [James Craigie (Cragy), canon regular of the monastery of St Andrews, perpetual vicar of Leuchars, deprived of his benefices]
    tertiam partem terrarum baronie de Luchris-Wemis 1466 RMS ii no. 882 [3rd of barony of Leuchars-Wemyss to Thomas of Wemyss of Rires KCQ]
    Luchristone 1467 RMS ii no. 900 [Thomas Wemyss and his wife, Margaret Melvill (Malevile), 3rd of lands of *Leucharston; and Westhouse #, Broad-land #, Milton, Pusk, Balconie #, Bridgend, tofts and muirs (all LEU), and the lands of Logie (Logymurtho) LOG and Wester Cruivie LOG]
    ecclesiam de Luchras 1471 RMS ii no. 1039 [with its teinds and lands, belonging to the church of St Andrews]
    terras baronie de Lucheris 1473 RMS ii no. 1139 [to Thomas Wemyss of Rires and spouse Margaret, ‘lands of barony of Leuchars’, with their chief messuage, and holdings, also lands of Broad-land #, Milton, Pusk, Balconie #, Bridgend, tofts and muirs (all LEU), and lands of Logie (Logymurtho) LOG, Wester Cruivie LOG, Brighouse of Logie LOG]
    tertia parte terrarum de Lucheris-wemis 1476 RMS ii no. 1245
    Luchris-Wemys 1477 RMS ii no. 1304
    terras et baroniam de Luchris-Monypenny 1495 RMS ii no. 2258 [to king’s servant Andrew Bruce, ‘lands and barony of Leuchars-Monypenny’, which Alexander lord of Monypenny (Alex. dom. Monypenny) resigned]
    Luquheris 1509 RMS ii no. 3311 [see Balbeuchly LEU]
    Lucheris-Forbes 1513 RMS ii no. 3834
    Lucheris Wemis 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 12
    Lucheris Ramsay 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 12
    Lucheris Bruce 1515 Fife Ct. Bk. 12
    Luquheris 1518 Fife Ct. Bk. 101 [see *Moncur’s Lands LEU]
    terras et baroniam de Lewcharis-Forbes 1551 RMS iv no. 594
    Luchoris schyre 1522 Fife Ct. Bk. 239 [see *Moncur’s Lands LEU]
    kirk of Leucheris c.1560 s Assumption, 9
    kirks of Leuchers c.1560 s Assumption, 9 [in error for ‘kirk’]
    Kirk of Leuchris c.1560 Assumption, 13
    (kirk and teinds of) Lucrhis  c.1560 s Assumption, 17
    Lucheris kirk c.1560 s Assumption, 20
    vicarage of Lucheris c.1560 s Assumption, 83 [Mr Robert Carnegy]
    Luchers-Weyms 1562 Retours (Fife) no. 49
    terris et baronia de Lucheres-Ramsay 1567 Retours no. 63 [see p. 487, above]
    manerie et castro de Luthers 1567 Retours  no. 63 [for Luchers]
    Lucheris-Forbes 1579 Retours  no. 1458
    castell of Luicheris 1586 St Andrews Kirk Session Register ii, 565
    terris et baronia de Leucharis-Forbes 1610 Retours (Fife) no. 218 [defined]
    ecclesi<a> de Lewquharis 1611 RMS vii no. 464 col. 5
    in baronia de Leucharis-Bruce 1622 RMS viii no. 370 [defined]
    ecclesiarum de Leuchars (et c. ) 1625 Retours (Fife) no. 354 [duke of Lennox]
    terris et baronia de Leuchares-Forbes 1645 RMS ix no. 1585
    the lands and barroney of Leuchars-Ramsay 1658 Retours  no. 882
    minister of Lewchars 1662 Lamont’s Diary 148
    terris et baronia de Leucharis-Bruice 1665 Retours no. 975 [Andrew Bruce, united with other lands in the barony of Earlshall (Earlishall)]
    Lewchars-Bruice 1665 Retours no. 975 [see preceding entry]
    Lewchars-Forbes 1686 Retours no. 1273 [Robert Forbes of Rires KCQ]
    Leuchars 1775 Ainslie/Fife [also Leuchars Castle]
    the castle of Leuchars 1845 OSA, 599 [‘built upon a forced bank of earth, on the edge of a swamp, surrounded by a deep and broad moat, inclosing about 3 acres of ground’][289]

G luachair + G – es

‘Place of rushes’. G luachair ‘rush, reed’, OG lúachair (f.), gen. sing. and nom. pl. lúachra ‘rush’, also collectively ‘rushes’. DIL gives lóchair as an alternative form of lúachair, which would explain the consistent use of o to represent the stressed vowel in twelfth- and thirteenth-century forms. The breaking of ó to úa is common in both Irish and Scottish Gaelic. The broken form, first seen in late thirteenth-century spellings such as Louccres 1279 × 1289, comes to dominate from c.1400, and is the direct precursor of the modern form, pronounced /ˈluxərz/. This process of the breaking of ó to úa seems to have been blocked to some extent, or occurs later, in contexts where it is followed by a guttural fricative /x/, as in the case of Leuchars.[290]

    This interpretation also makes sense topographically, given the marshy nature of the land around the church and castle of Leuchars, and the conspicuous presence of rushes in the parish is expressed in the Sc name Rash Myre # LEU.

    For the various baronies of Leuchars, such as Leuchars-Wemyss and Leuchars-Ramsay, see LEU Intro., Lordship and Baronies.

    OS Pathf. also shows Leuchars Lodge (Leuchars Lodge 1855, OS 6 inch) and Leuchars Castle, for more on which see Castle Knowe LEU, above.

/ˈluxərz/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4