Airdit

Airdit LEU S NO412201 1 352 100m EAF

    Derling<us> de Herdift’ 1165 x 1172 St A. Lib. 242 [w.]
    Derli<n>g<us> de Herdift 1165 x 1172 St A. Lib. 244 [w.; dating approximate]
    Derling de Arfdift c.1170 N. Berwick Cart. no. 3 [w.; for Ar(d)dift]
    (William of) Ardift 1189 x 1198 Barrow 1974 no. 1 [w.]
    Ardift 1207 St A. Lib. 85 [1 of vills owing teinds of wheat to Leuchars kirk]
    (Adam of) Ardift c.1210 St A. Lib. 271 [copy of NLS Adv. MS 15.1.18 no. 46]
    Ale and<er> de Ardiste 1238 x 1250 Balm. Lib. no. 46 [14th c. copy; for Ardifte]
    Ale and<er> de Ardisth 1238 x 1250 Balm. Lib. no. 47 [14th c. copy; for Ardifth; date from Watt, Graduates, 493b]
    Helya de Ardift’ c.1240 SAUL LPW 5 [o.c.; ‘Elias of Airdit’]
    Ardift 1240 St A. Lib. 164 [1 of vills owing garbal teinds to Leuchars kirk]
    Domino Willelmo capellano de Ardift 1240 x 1246 St A. Lib. 277 [w.]
    Ale and<er> de Ardift 1245 St A. Lib. 282
    Ale and<er> de Ardift 1250 x 1251 St A. Lib. 293 [before 25 April 1251]
    Ardath 1451 ER v, 467 [‘rents of its mill’ (firmis molendini ejusdem)][267]
    Ardait 1488 ER x, 645
    Dauid Hay of Ardeth 1516 Fife Ct. Bk. 34
    Ardett 1523 RMS iii no. 237 [Hay; quarter of Airdit; see Hayston LEU]
    (a quarter of) Ardet 1548 Retours (Fife) no. 13 [Barclay; see Rhynd LEU]
    Ardat c.1560 s Assumption, 13
    quarteriam suam terrarum de Ardeth 1578 RMS iv no. 2820 [Alex. Hay, feuar of ¼ of Airdit, sells ‘his ¼ of lands of Airdit’ to Andrew Murray of Arngask]
    David Inglis of Ardett 1590 RPC iv, 785
    Ardett 1595 Retours (Fife) no. 73 [James Melville, a 16th of lands of Airdit]
    Ardet 1610 Retours (Fife) no. 213 [Andrew Melville, son of James, as in 1548]
    Ardett 1618 Retours (Fife) no. 279 [see Cuplahills LEU; a quarter]
    Ardett 1620 RMS viii no. 22 [quarter of Airdit called Cuplahills LEU, q.v.]
    Litle Ardeth alias Hayistoun 1627 RMS viii no. 1179 [see Hayston LEU]
    Ardethe 1638 Retours (Fife) no. 575 [see Hayston LEU]
    Little Ardethe alias Hayistoun 1638 Retours (Fife) no. 575 [see Hayston LEU]   Ardit 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Arditt 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Ardeth 1661 Retours (Fife) no. 899 [John Leitch of Moonzie Mill LEU]
    (a 16 th part of) Ardethe 1668 Retours (Fife) no. 1027 [see Lucklaw Hill LOG]
    Ardit 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘P. Anstruther Esq.’]
    the estate of Ardit 1790s OSA 601 [‘the property of John Anstruther Esq.’]
    Ardit 1828 SGF
    Ardit 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn

? G àrd or àird + ?

The first element would seem to be, or to be related to, G à(i)rd ‘height’, found locally in for example Kinnaird KMB (PNF 2). The second element is more problematical. The ending -if when word-final could perfectly well represent the OG dative plural ending –(a)ibh, with underlying *àrdaibh or *àirdibh ‘at (the) heights’. However, the final –t following –if is more difficult to explain. It may be intrusive, but if so, it proved remarkably persistent.

    The family which took its name from Airdit first appear in the retinue of the earls of Fife, and were presumably his tenants. The earliest member on record (third quarter of twelfth century) has the OE name of Derling (Dēorling, Dyrling; see Black 1946, under Darling); see also LEU Intro., Early Scots Names.

    The mill of Airdit was also known as Moonzie Mill LEU, q.v.

    Airdit KTT (PNF 2) is probably a transferred name from Airdit LEU.

/ˈerdɪt/

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4