Ballinbreich

Ballinbreich FLK S NO272203 1 351 35m NWF

    villa de Balnebrey 1230 x 1246 St A. Lib. 268
    in baronia de Ballynbreche 1362 RMS i no. 125 [see Pitcairlie NBH, ANY]
    terras baronie de Balnebrech 1390 RMS i no. 808 [to Norman Leslie]
    dominus de Balnabrech 1390 x 1392 RMS i no. 854 [Norman Leslie, knight]
    apud Balnabrech 1390 x 1392 RMS i no. 854 [see FLK Intro., Chapel of Glenduckie]
    baronia de Ballinbrech 1487 RMS ii no. 1691
    baronia de Ballinbreich 1504 RMS ii no. 2793
    baronia de Ballinbreich 1506 RMS ii no. 2985 [lands of Mugdrum NBH]
    baronia de Ballinbreich 1510 RMS ii no. 3524 [to David Barclay of Collairnie lands of Collairnie DBG and a 7th of Lumbennie NBH ‘in barony of Ballinbreich’, to be held of George earl of Rothes as pendicles of said barony]
    terras et baroniam de Ballinbreich 1548 RMS iv no. 213
    in baronia de Ballinbrecht 1558 Retours (Fife) no. 34 [John Ayton of Wester Denmuir, in lands of Glenduckie FLK in barony of Ballinbreich]
    Ballinbreych 1587 Retours (Fife) no. 1481 [David Carmichael, 50 merks from the lands of Fliskmillan in the barony of Ballinbreich]
    Bambryich 1590 x 1599 Pont MS 54B
    vill<a> et terr<e> de Ballinbreich 1593 RMS v no. 2273 col. 5 [to Duke of Lennox, one of lands of St Andrews Priory, grouped as follows: ‘the toun (sic) and lands of Pitmillie KBS, Kinninmonth CER, Bannafield DNO, Ballinbreich’ (villam et terras de Petmyllie, Kynnynmonth, Bannefeild, Ballinbreich)]
    in baronia Ballanbreich 1601 Retours (Fife) no. 93 [James Bonar of Rossie, a third of the lands of Colzie (Coilsie) in the barony of Ballinbreich]
    terras de Ballinbreich 1625 Retours (Fife) no. 364 [James duke of Lennox, earl of Darnley and March]
    baronia de Ballinbreiche 1630 RMS viii no. 1543
    Bambrych c.1636 x 1652 Gordon MS 54A
    Ballinbreich 1642 Retours (Fife) no. 618 [John earl of Rothes]
    infra baronia de Ballinbreich 1643 Retours (Fife) no. 639 [Janet Young, annual rent of 100 merks from a third of Easter Colzie ANY ‘in barony of Ballinbreich’]
    Bambreigh 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife
    Bambreich 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Bambreich mill 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife
    Ballinbreich 1655 Retours (Fife) no. 846 [Janet Buist (Boyst), heir portionar of James Buist in Lumbennie, her brother, in the 7th part of the toun and lands of Easter Lumbennie NBH in barony of Ballinbreich and the parish of Abernethy]
    barony of Ballinbreich 1663 RMS xi no. 441
    Ballenbrech 1681 Retours (Fife) no. 1197
    terris dominicalibus de Ballinbreich (vel Bambreich) 1682 Retours (Fife) no. 1205 [‘mains (lands)’]
    Bambrich 1703 Adair/Sea-Coast (Tay)
    Bambridg 1745 Moll/South Perthshire
    Bambrich Castle 1753 Roy
    Bambriech 1775 Ainslie/Fife [‘Sr. Lau. Dundas Bart.’]
    the castle of Ballinbrieck 1790s OSA 379 [‘an old edifice, approaching fast to ruin, which was long the residence of the Rothes family’]
    Bambriech 1828 SGF
    Bambriech Castle 1828 SGF
    Balmbreich 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [OS Name Book 41, 29 Ballinbreich, Balmbreich scored out]
    Balmbreich Bank 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [referring to a sand-bank in the Tay]
    Balmbreich Castle 1855 OS 6 inch 1st edn [antiquity, ‘ruins of’, also ‘site of Chapel (supposed)’ marked c.50 m north-east of Castle]

G baile + G an + G bruach

‘Farm of the slope’ (G baile na bruaich). The lands of Ballinbreich (in common with most of the lands in FLK) are on the northern slopes of the Ochils as they sweep down to the Tay. There is a marked break in the slope at about 30 m OD, where the land levels out, and most of the farms of the parish are located here. The modern farm of Ballinbreich is one such, while nearby Ballinbreich Castle (c.300 m to the north) is on the very edge of the more level land, at the point where the incline becomes again markedly steeper, falling away to the Tay 20 m below. It is therefore more likely that it is the castle-site which has given rise to the name. This is further underlined by the fact that on maps such as Roy (1753) and Ainslie/Fife (1775) no buildings are marked where the present farm of Ballinbreich now is.

    Ballinbreich, as was the case with all the lands along the northern shore of Fife between Abernethy and Balmerino, originally belonged to the church of Abernethy. By the late thirteenth century many of these lands were held by the Abernethy family, members of the Macduff kin-group, whose senior representatives were the earls of Fife. The predecessors of the Abernethies had come into the possession of these lands through their hereditary holding of the office of abbot of the church of Abernethy (see FLK Intro., Church). It was through a marriage with Mary of Abernethy in the early fourteenth century that Sir Andrew Leslie (taking his name from Leslie ABD), and his Leslie descendants, came to hold the lands of Ballinbreich (Millar 1895 ii, 323). Millar (loc. cit.) would put the date of the marriage c.1330, while Gifford states that the Leslies acquired the barony of Ballinbreich in 1312 (1988, 91), after which they began the construction of the castle. The lands and barony of Ballinbreich remained in the hands of the Leslies (later earls of Rothes) until the 1760s, when it was acquired by the Dundas family (see Castle Bank FLK, below). Millar writes: ‘A serious fire occurred at Leslie House in 1763 ... and as John, eighth earl of Rothes, required money to enable him to rebuild this mansion, he sold Ballinbreich to Sir Laurence Dundas, Bart., of Kerse, whose grandson was created earl of Zetland in 1838. His descendant, the present Marquis of Zetland (so created in 1892), is now proprietor of Ballinbreich, of Fliskmillan, Balhelvie, Camcase and Pittauchop’ (1895 ii, 324).

    Ballinbreich became the caput or head-place of an extensive barony which came to stretch over several counties, but at whose core were a group of lands which, like Ballinbreich itself, had formerly belonged to the lordship of Abernethy. These include the following: Pitcairlie NBH, ANY (FIF) (1362 RMS i no. 125); Dunbog (1487 RMS ii no. 1691); Mugdrum NBH, ANY (1493 RMS ii no. 1493) (transferred to the barony of Strathmiglo, held by William Scott of Balwearie KDT, in 1511 RMS ii no. 3547); Countryhills FLK, DBG (1504 RMS ii no. 2793); Fliskmillan 1506 (RMS ii no. 2942); Glenduckie FLK (1506 RMS ii no. 2970); one seventh of Lumbennie NBH, ABE (1510 RMS ii no. 3524); Balmeadowside CRC and Pittachope FLK (1511 RMS ii no. 3649); one third of the lands of Easter Colzie NBH, ANY (FIF) (1511 RMS ii no. 3662); Dumbarrow ANY, ANY (FIF)[201] (1511 RMS ii no. 3669); Balhelvie FLK (1511 RMS ii no. 3672). For a full definition of the barony in 1548 see RMS iv no. 213.

    In July 1511 the king grants to James Rollock (Rollok) burgess of Dundee (Dunde) half the lands of Wester Fithie (Wester Fethy), Farnell ANG in the barony of Ballinbreich, sheriffdom of Forfar, to be held of George earl of Rothes (RMS ii no. 3582); and in the August the king grants to William Leslie, brother of George earl of Rothes, the lands of Easter Fithie (Ester-Fethy), described as having being annexed to the barony of Ballinbreich (RMS ii no. 3607).

    In 1517 James V issues a charter to George Leslie earl of Rothes and Margaret Crichton, spouse, confirming many lands throughout Scotland and incorporating all Leslie’s lands into the free barony of Ballinbreich (RMS iii no. 148).

    By 1642, when John earl of Rothes was retoured in the barony of Ballinbreich, it comprised: the lands and barony of Ballinbreich, the mains lands of Ballinbreich, the lands of Higham DBG, Logie FLK, Easter and Wester Flisk (Fliskis Eister et Wester), Fliskmillan, Dumbarrow (Drumbarro) ANY, Easter and Wester Lumbennie (Lumbennes Eister et Wester), an annual rent of 5 bolls from the lands of Abernethy, the lands of Pittachope FLK, Balmeadowside CRC, the lands and barony of Teasses, Hall Teasses and Hill Teasses, Bandirran, Cocklaw # (all CER) and Kilmux KWY, the advowson of churches, and an annual rent of 40 s. form the lands of Easter Lathrisk called Riggs (Riggis) KTT, all united in the barony of Ballinbreich (Retours (Fife) no. 618).

    The above NGR is of the farm of Ballinbreich. OS Pathf. Ballinbreich Castle (Antiquity) is at NO271204.

/ˈbalən brix/ or /ˌbalənˈbrix/, also locally /ba:m brix/. The reduced form first appears on Pont MS 54B (1590s), and had probably been current for some considerable time previously (see Taylor and Wentworth 2001, 58–9). Through th

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4