Ferry-port-on-craig

Ferry-port-on-craig FPC LEU S NO489287 1 352 15m

    terra de Portincrag’ 1199 x 1200 Arb. Lib. i  no. 50 [rubric; date from Watt, Graduates, 336 (John of Leicester §6); north side of Tay]
    hospitale apud Portincrag’ 1199 x 1200 Arb. Lib. i no. 50 [see discussion, below; north side of the Tay]
    terra de Portincrag’ 1242 x 1243 Arb. Lib. i no. 114 [see discussion, below; north side of the Tay]
    passagium de Portynkrag’ 1328 x 1332 NLS Adv. MS 34.5.3 fo 18v [printed as Balm. Lib. no. 51, which has Portinkrag; ‘the royal road ... by which one goes towards the ferry of Port-on-Craig’ (viam regiam ... qua itur versus passagium de Portinkrag); see BMO Intro., Medieval Marches, above]
    apud Portyncrag 1343 ER i, 540 [payments made ‘for the king’s crossings, on various occasions, at Port-on-Craig and the Seamills FGN’ (pro passagiis regis, per diuersas vices, apud Portyncrag et le Semyllis)]
    passagium de Portincrak c.1350 NLS Adv. MS 34.6.24 pp. 440–1 [Mary’s Cross beside royal road that goes to ferry of Port-on-Craig; see CUP Intro.]
    iu ta passagium de Portyncrag c.1378 Dunf. Reg. no. 393 [Fetters LEU and Shanwell FPC defined as being ‘beside the ferry of Port-on-Craig’]
    iu ta Portyncrak 1378 Dunf. Reg. no. 465 [see Shanwell FPC]
    in passagio boriali de Portyncrag 1467 Arb. Lib. ii no. 176 [‘in the North Ferry of Port-on-Craig; north side of Tay; see discussion, below]
    in le Portyncrag 1467 Arb. Lib. ii no. 176 [north side of Tay; see discussion]
    the halff fyschyng off the Northferry beside Dunde 1486 Arb. Lib. ii no. 290 [north side of Tay]
    Northfery 1512 Arb. Lib. ii no. 531 [north side of Tay]
    villam de Northfery 1536 Arb. Lib. ii no. 834 [north side of Tay]
    Ferytoun c.1560 s Assumption, 14
    David Kay in Southt Ferritoun of Portin Craig 1569 St A. Kirk Session i, 315
    the South-ferrie de Pittincraig 1566 x 1577 RMS iv no. 2691 [relating to teinds of salmon belonging to the kirk of Leuchars: ‘the South Ferry of Port-on-Craig, the *Yardhead belonging to the laird of Lathockar CMN’ (the South-ferrie de Pittincraig, the Yaird-heid pertinen. domino de Lawthoker), occupied by John Gregorie, the Craigwater (the Craig-waltir) belonging to Henry Durie (Durye) SCO of that ilk; see LEU Intro. for more details]
    South-Ferry de Portincraig 1588 RMS v no. 1543 [see FPC Intro., From Portincraig to Tayport]
    terras de South-Ferre 1592 RMS v no. 2040 [see FPC Intro.]
    lie yairdheidis ville de South-Ferreis 1592 RMS v no. 2040 [as in RMS v no. 1543; see FPC Intro.]
    S. Ferrietoun 1593 RMS v no. 2273 [part of lordship and barony of Scotscraig FPC, regality of St Andrews, containing ‘the toun and lands of South Ferryton, Chapelton, the mill of Ferryton, the toun of East Ferry, the fishing of the same, the ferryboat outwith the Tay’ (villam et terras de S. Ferrietoun, Chapeltoun, molendinum de Ferrytoun, villam de Eist Ferry, piscariam ejusdem, lie ferribott extra Taum)]
    (mill of) Ferrytoun 1593 RMS v no. 2273 [see preceding entry]
    villam de Eist Ferry 1593 RMS v no. 2273 [see preceding entry]
    villa de South-Ferrietoun de Portincraig 1593 RMS v no. 2332 [ten columns!]
    (grain mill of) Ferritoun 1597 RMS vi no. 523
    villam et terras de South Ferrie de Portincraig 1599 RMS vi no. 840 [erected into a burgh of barony; see FPC Intro., From Portincraig to Tayport]
    apud Ferrie de Portincraig 1601 RMS ix no. 2076 [there is doubt as to correct date, because RMS ix no. 2076 (p. 785) has after 1601 ‘(1621 ?)’; charter issued there by Peter Hay of Naughton; witnesses are all from north of Tay]
    prope villam de Ferrytoun 1603 RMS vi no. 1492 [to Beatons of Creich ‘the salmon fishings of *Marshall Haven and *Craigwater on the sea water of the Tay beside the toun of Ferryton on its (the Tay’s) southern side (piscarias salmonum de Marchalheavyn et Craigwatter super aqua maritima de Tay prope villam de Ferrytoun ex parte australi ejusdem); in the lordship of Scotscraig FPC]
    the towne of the Eist Ferrie of Portincrag 1606 APS iv p. 302 [see FPC Intro.]
    the paroch kirk of Portincrag 1606 APS iv p. 302 [see FPC Intro.]
    Portincraig 1611 RMS vii no. 464 col. 5 [one of the parish kirks that are said to have owed teinds etc. to St Andrews Priory]
    in villa de Ferrie de Portincraig 1616 RMS viii no. 337 [‘villa de Ferrie’ is probably for *Ferrietoun]
    de molendino granario de Ferrytoun 1616 RMS viii no. 337 [‘from the grain mill of Ferryton’]
    (with the multures of) Ferrytoun de Portincraig 1616 RMS viii no. 337
    in villa de Ferrie de Portincraig 1622 RMS viii no. 337 [confirmation of charter of Bp John of St andrews to George Ramsay of Dalhousie of Scotscraig ‘in the town of Ferry-Port-on-Craig’, with manor-place and the grain mill of Ferrytoun]
    Ferrytoun de Portincraig 1622 MRS viii no. 337
    South Ferritoun de Portincraig 1630 RMS viii no. 1687 [Archbishop of St Andrews feus to David Kay of Well (Well) [197] in South Ferryton of Port-on-Craig land in South Ferryton of Port-on-Craig (South Ferritoun de Portincraig)]
    terras et villam de South Ferrie de Portincraig 1631 RMS ix no. 983
    lie heavine et harborie de Portincraig 1631 RMS ix no. 983 [with ferry rights; in regality of St Andrews]
    East ferry 1636 x 1652 Gordon MS 46 [with Brochtee on north side of Tay; and Woodhaven and Sea-mills to the west, opposite Dundee (all settlements); note also Scar-ness (no settlement), for which see Craig Head FGN, below, between Sea-mills and East ferry]
    East Ferry 1636 x 1652 Gordon MS 47 [as previous, differences being: Seamills, the (ye) Scar-ness and Brochtie]
    lie Eist-Ferry alias lie Portancraiges 1641 RMS ix no. 1995* [right of searching granted to the Lindsays]
    Forgundferry 1642 Gordon MS Fife [beside it is The Castell, now Tayport]
    villa de South Ferrie de Portuncraig 1643 RMS ix no. 1439 [‘the right of the ferry-boats from the toun of South Ferry of Port-on-Craig and from its harbour on the Tay over and back’ (jus cimbarum lie ferrie-boates a villa de South Ferrie de Portuncraig et eius portu super aquam de Tay trans et retro)]
    Wall de Portouncraig 1643 RMS ix no. 1439 [James Kay of Well of Port-on-Craig; see also 1630 RMS viii no. 1687, above]
    apud lie harborie de Portouncraig 1643 RMS ix no. 1439
    Southferrie of Portincraig 1653 RMS x no. 149 [corn mill called the mill of Ferry (Ferrie) and lands and acres of Ferryton of Port-on-Craig (Ferrietoune of Portincraige); ... the town and lands of Southferry of Port-on-Craig with the haven or harbour of Port-on-Craig (Portincraig) and privilege of ferry boats etc.]
    (corn mill called the mill of) Ferrie 1653 RMS x no. 149
    Ferrietoune of Portincraige 1653 RMS x no. 149
    (the town and lands of) Southferrie of Portincraig 1653 RMS x no. 149 [with the haven or harbour of Portincraig; in this charter Ferryton and South Ferry seem to be two separate entities]
    East Ferrye 1654 Blaeu (Pont) East Fife [the only settlement marked in this vicinity; Northferrie is the settlement on the north side by Broughty (Bruchtie)]
    Forgundferry 1654 Blaeu (Gordon) Fife [beside it is The Castell (Tayport)]
    (the grain mill of) Ferritoun 1666 Retours (Fife) no. 989
    ( 5 th of lands and acres of) Ferritoun 1666 Retours (Fife) no. 989
    (ditto) Ferritoun de Portoncraig 1666 Retours (Fife) no. 989
    (ditto) Southferrie de Portoncraige 1666 Retours (Fife) no. 989
    cum portu de Portoncraig 1666 Retours (Fife) no. 989 [5th of the tenements called ‘*Cotthouse or *Croftsteads’ (Coathous vel Croftsteiddes), ‘with the harbour of Port-on-Craig’ and the privilege of ferry-boats etc]
    ferry of portoun craig 1684 Adair/East Fife [applied to the settlement]
    Partoncraig Ferry 1775 Ainslie/Fife
    Ferry over Tay at Parton Craigs 1762 RHP3904
    to Ferry of Parton Craigs 1797 RHP1279 [on road running north-east from Brackmount Mill]
    Ferry port on craig 1827 Ainslie/East Fife
    Ferry Port on Craig 1828 SGF

Sc ferry + en Portincraig

The original *Portincraig, from port na creige, ‘harbour of the rock’ gave rise to the name Portincraig, which in turn, through complete re-analysis, spawned the Sc prepositional phrase Port-on-Craig. The eponymous ‘harbour of the rock’ was not in Fife at all but on the north side of the Tay at Broughty Ferry ANG, the rock in the name being most likely that on which Broughty Castle now stands. From a series of charters printed as Arb. Lib. i nos. 50–3, 114 we learn that around the late 1180s Earl Gilbride (Gillebrigte) of Angus had given land to Arbroath Abbey on which to build ‘a hospital at Port-on-Craig’ (hospitale apud Portincrag).[198] The grant included ‘common pasture and all other easements of Monifieth (Monifod’) ANG and my fishing which extends from (the) *Craig (que durat a Crag’) as far as my land stretches to the west’. The Craig, which appears in these charters as a separate feature, is the eponymous craig or rock of Port-on-Craig, mentioned above as probably being where Broughty Castle now stands. Because there are no other contemporary notices of this grant, Cowan and Easson suggest that the foundation may have remained unfulfilled (1976, 188). However, Arbroath Abbey continued to hold land here, as is clear from such charters as the following, dated 1454: ‘Richard abbot of Arbroath has feued to William Mealmaker (Melmakar) a quarter of our toun of the North Ferry (quartam partem ville nostre passagii borialis) (Arb. Lib. ii no. 97). And in 1467 a dispute is settled between the abbot of Arbroath and his men and their servants ‘dwelling in the North Ferry of Port-on-Craig’ (in passagio boriali de Portyncrag ... commorantibus) on the one hand and the laird of Ballumbie, Murroes ANG, on the other concerning ‘fishers of white fish dwelling in the Port-on-Craig’ (piscatores ... alborum piscium in le Portyncrag commorantes) (Arb. Lib. ii no. 176). It is clear from this that Port-on-Craig still (in the second half of the fifteenth century) referred to the settlement on the north side of the Tay.

    However, it is also clear from the selection of early forms set out above that around the same time, and certainly by the sixteenth century, the name North Ferry (or Northferry) was emerging as the favoured name for the northern settlement. During this same period the southern (Fife) end of the ferry was being referred to as South Ferry (with or without the addition of Port-on-Craig), the two settlements on either side of the Firth of Tay forming a contrastive pair, much in the same way that North and South Queensferry do today between Fife and Lothian. It would seem that it was the creation of the new parish in 1606 which fixed the name Port-on-Craig definitively in Fife.

    Local historian Sir James Scott was nevertheless convinced that the hospital mentioned in Earl Gilbride’s above-mentioned grant was in Tayport, to the extent that he believed he had located its remains: ‘This building was erected near Port-on-Craig in the field to the south-west of Lovers’ Loan, where, in 1886, a portion of the foundations were laid bare by workmen while looking for a suitable site for a cemetery for the Parish ... Being anxious to revive our memory, we went while the field was in stubble last autumn (1923), armed with an iron rod, and probing the soil for about five minutes we were able to locate the foundations 20 inches beneath the surface. This was the first religious house in or near Ferry-Port-on-Craig’ (Scott 1927, 11).[199]

    Under this head-name are included various names for this settlement, which seem to shift as much as the sandbanks between it and the Angus coast: Port-on-Craig (which, as we have seen, originated on the north shore at Broughty Ferry), Ferryton, Ferryton of Port-on-Craig, South Ferry, South Ferry of Port-on-Craig, South Ferryton, South Ferryton of Port-on-Craig, Ferry, East Ferry, Forgan Ferry, Ferry of Port-on-Craig, Port-on-Craig Ferry, Ferry-Port-on-Craig, then, as if this selection of names was not enough, Tayport. To confuse matters even more, sometimes one or other of these names is used more specifically to designate a part of the land and/or settlement, while at other times the same name seems to be used more generally: e.g. the *East Ferry is synonymous with the Port-on-Craigs in 1641 (RMS ix no. 1995*); and *South Ferryton of Port-on-Craig is synonymous with Port-on-Craig in 1630 and 1643 (RMS viii no. 1687 and RMS ix no. 1439). But South Ferry of Port-on-Craig, with the haven or harbour of Port-on-Craig, appears to be a different entity from Ferryton in 1653 RMS x no. 149.

This place-name appeared in printed volume 4